IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 GiESCO 9 GiESCO 2019 9 Category: Poster - Vine genetic resources

Poster – Vine genetic resources

GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Vine genetic resources

From plant water status to wine flavonoid composition: a precision viticulture approach in a Sonoma county vineyard

Plant water status of grapevine plays a critical role in affecting berry and final wine chemical composition. The environmental variabilities existing in vineyard system have significant impacts on plant water status, but it is challenging to individualize environmental factors from the temporal and spatial variabilities in vineyard. Therefore, there is need to monitor the ecophysical variation through utilizing precision viticulture tools in order to minimize the separation in berry composition. This study aims at delineating vineyard into different management zones based on plant water status explained by soil texture, and utilize differential harvest to equilibrate the final berry and wine composition.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Vine genetic resources

Hydraulic redistribution and water movement mechanisms in grapevines

Plants have been shown to redistribute water between root sections and soil layers along a gradient of decreasing water availability. One benefit of this hydraulic redistribution is that water can be transported from roots in wet soil to others in dry soil, delaying the onset of water stress and increasing root longevity in dry environments. Grapevines are thought to redistribute water laterally across the trunk from wet to dry portions of the root system. However, it is unknown whether the phloem contributes to such water redistribution.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Vine genetic resources

Investigating three proximal remote sensing techniques for vineyard yield monitoring

Yield monitoring can provide the winegrowers with information for precise production inputs during the season, thereby, ensuring the best possible harvest. Yield estimation is currently achieved through an intensive process that is destructive and time-consuming. However, remote sensing provides a group of proximal technologies and techniques for a non-destructive and less time-consuming method for yield monitoring.The objective of this study was to analyse three different approaches, for measuring grapevine yield close to harvest.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Vine genetic resources

Machines and fire: developing a rapid detection system for grapevine smoke contamination using NIR spectroscopy and machine learning modelling

Bushfires are a common occurrence throughout Australia and their incidence is predicted to both rise and increase in severity due to climate change. Many of these bushfires occur in areas close to wine regions, which receive different levels of exposure to smoke. Wine produced from smoke-affected grapes are characterised by unpalatable smoky aromas such as “burning rubber”, “smoked meats” and “burnt wood”. These smoke tainted wines are unprofitable and result in significant financial losses for winegrowers.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Vine genetic resources

Mapping of canopy features in commercial vineyards using machine vision

Vineyard canopy features such canopy porosity and fruit exposure influenced microclimate, fungal disease incidence and grape composition. An objective, rapid and non-invasive method to assess and map the canopy status is needed to apply in precision viticulture. A new method for canopy status assessment and mapping based on non-invasive machine vision was applied in commercial vineyards in this work.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Vine genetic resources

Modeling sugar accumulation dynamics of a wide variety of grape cultivars (Vitis vinifera L.)

Climate change is a major challenge in wine production. The IPCC (2014) projected that by the end of the 21st century average temperatures will increase by 1-3.7°C. Consequently, harvest dates could advance by approximately 30 days. A general observed trend is the increase in berry sugar content and decrease in organic acids, posing challenges for winegrowers. Variability among cultivars is a precious resource to adapt viticulture to a changing environment.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Vine genetic resources

Monitoring vineyard canopy structure by aerial and ground-based RGB and multispectral imagery analysis

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are increasingly used to monitor canopy structure and vineyard performance. Compared with traditional remote sensing platforms (e.g. aircraft and satellite), UAVs offer a higher operational flexibility and can acquire ultra-high resolution images in formats such as true color red, green and blue (RGB) and multispectral. Using photogrammetry, 3D vineyard models and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) maps can be created from UAV images and used to study the structure and health of grapevine canopies. However, there is a lack of comparison between UAV-based images and ground-based measurements, such as leaf area index (LAI) and canopy porosity.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Vine genetic resources

NIR spectroscopy as a contacless rapid tool to estimate the amino acids profile in intact grape berries

Nitrogen composition of grape berries plays a key role in determining wine quality, affecting the development of alcoholic fermentation and the formation of volatile compounds. Grape nitrogen composition is influenced by several factors such as viticultural practices, soil management, timing or rate of fertilization and use of rootstock, among others.In this study a proximal, non-destructive tool based on NIR spectroscopy is presented to track the accumulation of a wide range of amino acids in intact grape berries during the ripening process.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Vine genetic resources

Survey assessing different practices for mechanical winter pruning in Southern France vineyards

Winter pruning is today the longest operation for hand workers in the vineyard. Over the last years, mechanical pruning practices have become popular in southern France vineyards to respond to competitiveness issue especially for the basic and mid-range wine production. Wine farmers have developed different vineyard management techniques associated with mechanical winter pruning. They sought to be precise or not to control the buds number per vine.

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