Terroir Congress 2008

Soil component of terroir

Characterization of the Origin Denomination “Ribeira Sacra”

“Ribeira Sacra” is an origin denomination located between the provinces of Lugo and Ourense, in Galicia (northwest of Spain). With a surface of 1.250 Ha, the Ribeira Sacra is divided into 5 different subzones where the main culture variety is the Mencía cultivar. The evaluation of the ground fertility index ...
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Copper, iron and zinc in surface layer of Primošten vineyard soils

Long-term use of copper fungicides causes increased accumulation of total copper in the surface layer of vineyard soils. Many of authors has researched the anthropogenic influx of copper in such soils, which can result in environmental risks. The research revealed that vineyard soils contain 288.52 mg/kg of copper, 102.20 mg/kg ...
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Effect of soil type on Sauvignon blanc and Cabernet-Sauvignon wine style at different localities in South Africa

The wine producing regions of South Africa are characterized by climatic diversity. The Coastal Region has a Mediterranean climate, with a mean annual rainfall of c. 690 mm, whereas the Breede River Valley has a semi-arid climate with an annual rainfall of less than 300 mm.Although irrigation is increasingly practiced, ...
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Geochemistry of Vrbničko Polje (Croatia) winegrowing site

A multi-element pedo-geochemical survey was carried out in Vrbničko polje vineyards on the Krk Island, Croatia. This Mediterranean winegrowing site is famous by Žlahtina wine production. The objectives of this study are (i) to describe characteristics of the site related to climate, topography, geology, soil and geochemistry and (ii) to ...
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Climate component of terroir

Climate component of terroir

A comparative analysis of regions worldwide with Pinot noir

This study examines the growing season climates of selected wine regions worldwide that have significant areas under Pinot noir. It uses the normalized climatic data for the 1971-2000 period to analyze those climatic factors that are influential on the production of quality wines in cool climate regions and provides a ...
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Agroclimatic characterization of Monreale DOC appellation for vine growing

This paper presents the results of an agroclimatic study of the viticulture area called DOC Monreale (Pa), Italy, which was carried out with the aim to supply a working instrument supporting viticulture planning. The global extension of the municipalities belonging to DOC Monreale is about 98,000 ha, where vine-growing is ...
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Agronomic behaviour of a native grapevine cultivar from the North of Spain (Vitis vinifera L.) in a mountain viticulture area and in a coastal zone

A work involving the finding, the description and the recovery of old grapevine varieties from the north and north east of Spain was begun in the CSIC in the year 1987. Among the red varieties that were found, the Verdejo Negro stood out because of its high quality. Different previous ...
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Climate influence on the grapevine phenology and anthocyanins content in wines from the Skopje vineyard area, Republic of Macedonia

The phenological stages and the content of the anthocyanins of non-irrigated cultivars Blatina, Vranec, Kratoshija, Prokupec and Stanushina were study. The cultivars are located in the Skopje vineyard area. The all examinated cultivars belong to the ecogeographical group of convarietas Pontica, subconvariates balcanica Negr.The influence of climate was assessed with ...
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Climatic change and terroir

Analysis of climatic changes in different areas of Abruzzo region (Central Italy): implications for grape growing

The dynamic evolution of some bioclimatic indices largely used to define the vocation of areas to grape growing was assessed over 43 years (1965-2007) in four sites of the Abruzzo Region (Central Italy). Nowadays Abruzzo has about 34.000 ha of vineyards mainly located in coastal areas running North-South along the ...
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Heat requirements for grapevine varieties is essential information to adapt plant material in a changing climate

Precocity for fruit ripening is a genetically determined characteristic that is highly variable from one cultivar to another. In traditional wine-growing regions of Europe, growers have used this property to adapt the vines to local climatic conditions in order to maximize terroir expression. Due to global warming, the choice of ...
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Influence of the irrigation period in Tempranillo grapevine, under the edaphoclimatic conditions of the Duero river valley

Irrigation of vineyards is a matter of controversial arguments at areas of high quality wine production. Besides, the effects of the water in the plant are closer related to the water availability than to the irrigation regime. In this way, the criteria for irrigation timing can reach very important physiologic ...
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Observed climatic trends in South African wine regions and potential implications for viticulture

Global warming is scientifically and widely accepted (IPCC). Climate change is a reality and its impacts are increasingly felt in South Africa. Using the longest data series from weather stations located in different South African wine regions and districts of South Africa, the Winkler index for viticulture can be calculated ...
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Vineyard management, type of vines and terroir

Agronomic and qualitative behaviour of cv. Tempranillo according to three vine spacing on two different hydric-edaphic situations in the Duero river valley

The knowledge of the influence of soil conditions on the effects that different plant densities provoke in the agronomic grapevine behaviour becomes very interesting since it allows to focus the vineyard management on the optimization of the natural, hydric and human resources.This work is focused on the study of the ...
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Characterization of varieties named ‘Caiño’ cultivated from Northwest of Spain

The ‘Caiño’ cultivar was cultivated in Galicia (Northwestern Spain) before the invasion of grape phylloxera. Genetic diversity from this cultivar have been described and considered as originating in Galicia, ‘Caiño Tinto’, ‘Caiño Bravo’, ‘Caiño Redondo’, ‘Caiño Longo’ and ‘Caiño Blanco’. ‘Caiño’ was recommended as a principal cultivar for new plantations ...
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Developing an integrated viticulture in the upper part of the hill Somló

The hill Somló looks like a huge island wich jumps out of the see, a few kilometers away from the slope of Bakony highland and on the edge of the Hungarian small plane. Viticulture has started on the slopes of the hill few thousand years ago, but because of the ...
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Effect of potential crop on vine water constraint

It is important to quantify the effect of potential crop on vine water constraint in order to adapt vine-growing consulting and vine management to the Mediterranean climate conditions. Experiments were conducted during two years running (2006 and 2007) on varieties Grenache and Syrah in a situation of high water constraint ...
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Zoning methodology (soil, climate)

Characterisation of viticultural and oenological practices in two French AOC in the middle Loire Valley: comparison of different methods to extract information from a survey among winegrowers

The type of wine is determined by environmental, plant materials and human factors. These factors are numerous and interact together, which makes it difficult to determine the hierarchy of their effects. We propose in this paper two methods to determine a hierarchy for these variables or their modalities. Using an ...
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Considerations about the concept of “terroir”: definition and research direction

On exposera la distinction et la relation entre: “Etude des milieux”, “Zonage Petit ou Zonage Technique ou Sub Zonage”, “Grand Zonage”, “Délimitation des zones productives” ex. vitivinicoles, entre “Terroir”, “Territoire”, “Terra – Nature”, “Univers” d’après la “Grande Filiera” (“Grande Filière”), entre “Qualité organoleptique classique” (technique), “Qualité perçue par le Consommateur ...
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AOC Saint-Romain, Hautes-Côtes-de-Beaune, Burgundy: analysis of a “terroir”

The abbreviation AOC designates, since 1905 in France, wines which characteristics and reputation are due to a proper “terroir”. The delimitation of such “terroirs” consists in a technical and statutory procedure which has developed by steps.The delimitation of the AOC Champagne and Kaefferkopf terroirs, presented here by the authors, confirms ...
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Geopedological and climatic zoning of northern Malaga vineyards region: Fuente de Piedra, Humilladero and Mollina (southern Spain)

The vineyards placed in the municipal areas of Fuente de Piedra, Humilladero and Mollina constitute a wine-growing important area of the “Zona Norte” of the province of Málaga. Its products are protected by the Regulatory Council of the Origin Denomination “Málaga”, ” Sierras de Málaga ” and ” Pasas de ...
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New technologies and terroir

Contribution of Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) measurements for characterizing hydrological behaviour of an experimental plot in relation to pedo-geological factors (AOC Gaillac, SW France)

Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) measurements have been performed by the Wenner method on an experimental plot situated in Gaillac region. They have been carried out during two highly contrasted hydric periods: (i) dry (spring 2006), (ii) humid (spring 2007) with soils close to field capacity. Results are compared to evaluate ...
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Is it relevant to consider remote sensing information for targeted plant monitoring?

An experiment was carried out to test the relevance of using satellite images (NDVI) to define locations of plant monitoring systems. The experiment took place over a 200 ha commercial vineyard located in Navarra (Spain). Airborne images of 30 cm. resolution were processed to compute a biomass index (NDVI). Images ...
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On the stability of spectral features of four vine varieties in Brazil, Chile and France

Satellite images of vineyards in France, Chile, and Brazil are used to study spectral differences between the vine varieties Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, and Chardonnay, to verify if features of a given variety are conserved at vineyards in completely different terroirs. Data are eight images from ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne ...
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Remote sensing and ground techniques, applied to the characterization of a new viticultural region at Pinto Bandeira, Brazil

The region of viticultural production near Pinto Bandeira, Brazil, is being studied to define typical characteristics of wines locally produced. Vineyards above altitudes of 500m qualify as “Mountain Wines”, a geographical denomination. Rocks, soils, and wines are analyzed. Several techniques are used: remote sensing, radiometry, and chemical analysis. Results indicate ...
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Sensorial analysis, wine making techniques and terroir

Chemical and sensory profile of Brazilian red wines upon the cultivar and geographic origin of vineyards

Many vineyards implanted in Brazil in the last 20 years are placed under very different natural conditions if compared to Serra Gaúcha, the oldest and more traditional viticultural region in the country. With the aim of measure the enological potential of wines from every region, a study named “network of ...
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Contribution to the sensory and volatile characterization of four traditional Galician red varieties

Galicia, a region sited in the northwest of Spain, is one of the most important wine production area, with five Appellations of Origin Controlled (AOC). In the last few years, there is a growing interest within the Galician winemaking industry in the recuperation of the denominated traditional or noble varieties, ...
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Contribution of viticultural and oenological factors to the aromatic potential of white Colombard wines from the south west of France Gascony vineyard

The aim of this work is to determine the influence of viticultural and oenological factors to the aromatic potential of white wines from Colombard variety in the south west of France Gascony vineyard. The main aromatic sensing of Colombard wine comes from two varietal thiols: 3-MercaptoHexan-1-ol (3MH) and its acetate ...
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Evaluation of grape and wine quality according to harvest date, in a tropical region in Northeast Brazil

The Northeast region of Brazil is characterized by a semi-arid climate, has produced tropical wines since twenty years ago. The region is located at 09º 09’ South, 40º 22’ West, 365.5 m. In the region it’s possible to harvest grapes for winemaking process two or three times by year, depending ...
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terroir

Global approach and application of terroir studies: product typicity and valorisation

A GIS Analysis of New Zealand Terroir

This paper summarises a national survey of the geological setting of vineyards in New Zealand. We also provide an overview of climate, slope, aspect and varietals planted in New Zealand vineyards as a whole and for some individual regions.New Zealand produces premium quality wines and its wine industry is growing ...
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A study on the oenological potentiality of the territory of a cooperative winery in Valpolicella (Italy)

A 3-year zoning study promoted by the Cooperative Winery Valpolicella (Negrar, Verona, Italy) was carried out on a wine territory of about 500 ha. The aim was to individuate the oenological potential of the vineyards of associated growers in order to improve in general the quality of the wines and ...
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Aknowledgment and management of vocational units in Chianti Rufina

In Tuscany region the Rufina is a district of Chianti D.O.C.G. positioned in Val di Sieve, 20 km north east from Florence. During the three years period (2002-2004) a study for a viticultural zoning has been carried in order to characterize the productions. By a pedological survey it was possible ...
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Anthropogenic intervention in shaping Terroir in a California Pinot noir vineyard

In many vineyards optimal parcel size exceeds the geospatial complexity that exists in soils and topographic features that influence hydrological properties, sunlight interception and soil depth and texture (available water capacity). A premise of precision management is that such variation can be lessened, but the practices that would be used ...
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Landscape: evaluation and protection

Fractal analysis as a tool for delimiting guarantee of quality areas

The pioneering work of Mandelbrot in the 70’s for building the fractal theory lead rapidly to many interesting applications in different fields such as earth sciences and economy. Even if agronomy and environment sciences have not yet much explored this theoretical tool they could allow a lot of applications.This paper ...
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Historical terraced vineyards – heritage and nature conservation strategies

Historical terrace vineyards are simultaneously impressive documents of the human inclination to design, sites for the production of high quality wines and habitats for a rich variety of flora and fauna. In the past they have often also been the setting for questionable developments. Radical land consolidation processes rendered these ...
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New tools for a visual analysis of vineyard landscapes?

A vineyard landscape is above all an area observed by someone, that is to say a physical entity perceved and represented by this person. We try here to analyse more precisely the constitutive forms of vineyard landscapes and their visual perception. We use different complementary methods: – plastic and aesthetic landscape analysis, – ...
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Proposition of a simplified approach of the viticultural landscape

Une approche très simple de la lecture des paysages est proposée sur la base de l’expérience acquise par l’observation de divers terroirs du monde.La manière selon laquelle est construit un paysage tourne autour de 2 éléments fondamentaux, des facteurs naturels et des facteurs humains.Le premier élément est la morphologie du ...
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Landscape and terroir communication: product valorisation

A Viticultural Terroir in Brazil: Change and continuity

The viticultural terroir at the Serra Gaúcha region, in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, is analyzed under historical and sociological viewpoints, aiming to understand the origin of its characteristics, and the risks for its continuity. This work starts a multidisciplinary research project that, through a gain of comprehension of ...
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Integration of the AOC and terroir concepts by future professionals of the international wine sector

A survey has been conducted on 32 students and 25 former students of 28 nationalities of an international master course training executives of the international Wine sector. They were asked about their perception of the concept of terroir, its potential application in their professional life and home country and the ...
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Reasoning a Terroir policy on the basis of the prospective study of the French wine sector

The prospective study of the French wine sector (Sebillotte et al., 2004) has identified “groups of micro-scenarios” at the end of the analysis of the characteristics of this wine sector. These groups, which have been defined from correlations between ‘structural’ variables, are activated by ‘driving’ variables, which are supposed either ...
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Research summary on the use of Terroir as a wine purchasing cue

Due to the current challenging nature of the global wine market, and recent growth in number and strength of competitors from non-traditional wine producing countries, European wine producers are focussing on the potential to develop a competitive advantage through the concept of terroir. However, there are noteworthy challenges to this ...
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