Terroir Congress 2014

The history of demarcated regions around the world, terroir constructions

La place du terroir dans le processus de patrimonialisation : l’exemple des paysages culturels viticoles du patrimoine mondial de l’Unesco

Onze sites viticoles sont aujourd’hui inscrits sur la Liste du Patrimoine mondial de l’Unesco au titre des Paysages culturels. Si le caractère viticole de ces sites constitue l’argument principal de la démonstration de leur valeur patrimoniale, le terroir et ses caractéristiques biophysiques et environnementales tendent cependant à apparaître sur le ...
Read more

Une procédure de mise à jour des zones AOC

In France, one of INAO missions is to delimit the production area of the « Appellations d’origine contrôlées » (AOC). For wine AOC, the delimitation of plots allows for identifying plots of land that respond to technical criteria of the vine location, criteria adapted in every appellation. Some old delimitations ...
Read more

The Hungarian system of geographical indications and the preparation of product specifications

Following the 2008-2009 reform of the European Union’s common market organisation in wine all protected designations of origin and geographical indications were imposed to prepare a product specification that described the conditions of their use. In this paper, we describe this process and the Hungarian system of geographical indications.  As ...
Read more

Evaluation of state of vineyards and characterization of vineyard sites of the integrated area of Tokaj Kereskedőház ltd. in Tokaj region

The Tokaj Kereskedőház Ltd. is the only state owned winery in Hungary. The company is integrating grapes for wine production from 1100 hectares of vineyard, which consist of 3500 parcels with average size of 0,3 hectares, owned by about 500 families of the region. The vineyards are unevenly spread in ...
Read more

The history of the first demarkated wine region of the world – the Tokaj wine region

The optimal climatic conditions of the region were proved in 1867, when a leaf-print of Vitis tokaiensis was found in a stone from miocen age (13 million years ago).  Concerning the viticulture, already the Hungarian tribes coming to the Carpathian basin knew it and started to practice at the end ...
Read more

Terroir zoning techniques

Focus on terroir studies in the eger wine region of Hungary

In 2001, the Hungarian Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development designated the Institute of Geodesy, Cartography and Remote Sensing (FÖMI) to elaborate a Geographic Information System (GIS) supported Vineyard Register (VINGIS) in Hungary. The basis of this work was a qualification methodology (vineyard and wine cellar cadastre system) dating back ...
Read more

Construction of a 3D vineyard model using very high resolution airborne images

In recent years there has been a growth in interest and number of research studies regarding the application of remote optical and thermal sensing by unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) in agriculture and viticulture. Many papers report on the use of images to map or estimate the growth and water status ...
Read more

Fractal analysis of the hydrological information obtained from high-spatial resolution dems: application in terroir zoning of d.o. campo de Borja (Spain)

One of the characteristics of the terroir zoning studies that is more complex to manage is the scale dependence. Thus, terroir zoning studies of the same area at different scales are comparable but not equal. Fractal analysis has demonstrated to be a suitable tool to characterize and model natural elements ...
Read more

Terroir zoning in appellation campo de borja (northeast Spain): Preliminary results

The components and methodology for characterization of the terroir have been described by Gómez-Miguel & Sotés (1993-2014, 2003) and Gómez-Miguel (2011) taking into account the full range of environmental factors (i.e: climate, lithology, vegetation, topography, soils, altitude, etc.), landscape variables (derived from photo-interpretation and a digital elevation model), and specific ...
Read more

A multilayer interactive web map of the wine growing region carnuntum with emphasis on geochemical and mineralogical zoning

During a three-year study the vineyards of the wine-growing region Carnuntum have been investigated for their terroir characteristics (climate, soil, rocks) and major viticulture functions. As an outcome of the study, various thematic layers and geodata analyses describe the geo-environmental properties and variability of the wine growing region and delimit ...
Read more

Mapping natural terroir units using a multivariate approach and legacy data

This work aimed at setting up a multivariate and geostatistical methodology to map natural terroir units of the viticultural areas at the province scale (1:125,000).  The methodology was based upon the creation of a GIS storing all the viticultural and oenological legacy data of experimental vineyards (1989-2009), the long term ...
Read more

Berry carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N) isotopic ratio reflects within farm terroir diffferences

ÂThe natural abundance of carbon stable isotopes has been reported to be related to water availability in grapevines quite widely. In the case of nitrogen, the natural abundance of its stable isotopes is mainly affected by the nature of the source of nitrogen (organic vs. inorganic) used by the plant, ...
Read more

Grape growing soils, topographic diversity

Spatio-temporal analysis of grapevine water behaviour in hillslope vineyards. the example of corton hill, Burgundy

Hillslope vineyards show various and complex water dynamics between soil and plants, and in order to gain further insight into this phenomenon, 8 grapevine plots were monitored during three vintages, from 2010 to 2013, on Corton Hill, Burgundy, France. Plots were distributed along a topolithosequence from 330 to 270 meters ...
Read more

Temperature effects on the biosynthesis of aroma compounds in glera grapes

This paper describes the first year results of a study that investigated the effects of altitude and related temperature parameters on the biosynthesis of aromas in the Italian cultivar Glera.  The trial was carried out in a commercial vineyard planted on a steep slope in the Valdobbiadene area (North-East of ...
Read more

Terroir influence on growth, grapes and grenache wines in the AOC priorat, northeast Spain

The Mediterranean climate of The Priorat AOC, situated behind the coastal mountain range of Tarragona, tends towards continentality with very little precipitation during the vegetation cycle. The soil is poor, dry and rocky, largely composed of slate schist, known as “llicorella”. Vines primarily grow on steep slopes and terraces. To ...
Read more

The effect of pedoclimatic conditions on the yeast assimilable nitrogen concentration on white cv. Doral in Switzerland

 Aims: Agroscope investigated the efficiency of nitrogen fertilization via foliar urea application at veraison with the aim of raising the YAN (yeast assimilable nitrogen) content in the musts. The observations were conducted on the white grapevine cultivar Doral (Chasselas x Chardonnay) in several pedoclimatic conditions of the Leman wine region, ...
Read more

Terroir wines and the global market

About long time and vine quality modelisation e pistemological appro ach to geographical viticulture

This work began as an intellectual game, in order to discuss the notion of wine quality in terms of terroir and territory spatial structure. Vine and wine quality has long been questioned by scientists. Each discipline approaching it with his own tools. One of Frenchs geographers who mark the discipline ...
Read more

The vine and the hazelnut as elements of characterization of a terroir

The research examines how two characteristic cultivations of a territory like the vine and the hazelnut shape the identity of a unique terroir: Langhe (North West italy).  The two cultivations are part of important agri-food chains for the analysed territory and its economy, while they also model its landscape.  The ...
Read more

Time stability of visitors’ preferences for preserving the worldwide cultural landscape alto douro wine region

The Alto Douro Wine Region (ADWR) was classified a world heritage site, specifically as a cultural landscape, by UNESCO, in 2001. The well known “Porto Wine” and other high quality wines are produced in the Douro region. As an attraction and touristic site, the cultural site has to meet the ...
Read more

The Douro region: wine and tourism

The Demarcated Douro Region (DDR) dates from 1756, when it was recognized as one of the first demarcated regions in the world. The DDR economic activities fit the terroir model and are based on wine and tourism. Both activities have witnessed deep and structural changes along the last three decades, ...
Read more

Grape growing climates, climate variability

Harvest dates, climate, and viticultural region zoning in Greece

Climate is clearly one of the most important factors in the success of all agricultural systems, influencing whether a crop is suitable to a given region, largely controlling crop production and quality, and ultimately driving economic sustainability. Today many assessments of a region’s climate comes from a combination of station ...
Read more

Thermal risk assessment for viticulture using monthly temperature data

Temperature extremes affect grapevine physiology, as well as grape quality and production. In most grape growing regions, frost or heat wave events are rare and as such conducting a risk analysis using robust statistics makes the use of long term daily data necessary. However, daily climate data suffers many constraints ...
Read more

A fine scale study of temperature variability in the Saint-Emilion area (Bordeaux, France)

As the quality and typicity of wine are influenced by the climate, it is essential to have a good knowledge of climate variability, especially with regard to temperature, which has a great impact on vine behavior and grape ripening. Accurately zoning the early and late ripening areas, particularly in a ...
Read more

High resolution climatic zoning of the Portuguese viticultural regions

Viticulture and winemaking represent a key sector for the Portuguese economy. As grapevines are strongly governed by atmospheric factors, climate change may impose a major threat to this crop. In this study, the current-past (1950-2000) and future (2041-2070) climatic conditions in Portugal are analyzed using a number of bioclimatic indices, ...
Read more

Impacts of environmental variability and viticultural practices on grapevine behaviour at terroir scales

Climate change poses several challenges for the wine-industry in the 21st century. Adaptation of viticultural and winemaking practices are therefore essential to preserve wine quality and typicity. Given the complex interactions between physical, biological and human factors at terroir scales, studies conducted at these fine scales allow to better define ...
Read more

Analysis of temporal variability of cv. Tempranillo phenology within Ribera del Duero Do (Spain) and relationships with climatic characteristics

The Ribera del Duero Designation of Origin (DO) has acquired great recognition during the last decades, being considered one of the highest quality wine producing regions in the world. This DO has grown from 6,460 ha of vineyards officially registered in 1985 to approximately 21,500 ha in 2013. The total ...
Read more

The terroir of winter hardiness: a three year investigation of spatial variation in winter hardiness, water status, yield, and berry composition of riesling in the niagara region using geomatic technologies

Grapevine winter hardiness is a key factor in vineyard success in many cool climate wine regions. Winter hardiness may be governed by several factors in addition to extreme weather conditions – e.g. soil factors (texture, chemical composition, moisture, drainage), vine water status, and yield– that are unique to each site. ...
Read more

Application of high-resolution climate measurement and modelling to the adaptation of New Zealand vineyard regions to climate variability

Initial results are presented of research into the relationship between climate variability and viticulture in New Zealand vineyards. Atmospheric modelling and analytical tools are being developed to improve adaptation of viticultural practices and grape varieties to current and future climate. The research involves application of advanced local and regional scale ...
Read more

The future of wine grape growing regions in europe

Recent warming trends in climatic patterns are now evident from observational studies. Nowadays, investigating the possible impacts of climate change on biological systems has a great importance in several fields of science.  We applied the MaxEnt modelling approach to predict the possible effect of climate change on wine grape distribution ...
Read more

Vitivinicultural practices

Volatile organic compounds: a role in elicitor-induced resistance of grapevine against pathogens?

As Vitis vinifera varieties are susceptible to fungal diseases, numerous chemical treatments are generally required to ensure the quantity and quality of the harvest. However, in the context of sustainable viticulture, there are increasing societal request, political incitation, and winegrowers’ awareness to reduce the use of pesticides. Among possible solutions ...
Read more

Corvina berry morphology and grape composition as affected by two training system (Pergola and Guyot) in a context of climate change scenario

The Valpolicella area (Veneto Region, Italy) is famous for its high quality wines: Amarone and Recioto, both obtained from partial post-harvest dehydrated red grapes. The main cultivars used for these wines are Corvina and Corvinone. In this Region hundreds of years ago a particular training system (Pergola, cordon/cane with horizontal ...
Read more

The impact of vine nitrogen status on aroma potential expression in Vitis vinifera L. cv. Sauvignon blanc

In interaction with climate and genetic or human factors, the soil is a major component of the viticulture terroir. The mineral composition of the soil influences vine performance and wine sensory attributes. Among the elements that vines take from the soil, nitrogen is the one that has the strongest impact ...
Read more

Rootstock impact on foliar symptom expression of esca on Vitis vinifera cv. Cabernet-Sauvignon

Trunk diseases and esca in particular, represent a major threat to the sustainability of the vineyards. The percentages of unproductive vines in a plot could vary from 4% to over 20 % depending on local conditions and vintages.  This syndrome is characterized both by foliar symptoms of variable intensity and ...
Read more

A generic method to analyze vine water deficit continuously

In the context of global warming, water scarcity is becoming an increasing issue worldwide. However, the reference method to characterize vine water deficit is based on water potential measurement, which is a destructive and discontinuous method. The current climatic context emphasizes the need for more precise and more continuous vineyard ...
Read more

Landscape and environmental sustainability, biodiversity

Correlation between grape and wine quality, landscape diversity, on-field biodiversity, in doc gioia del colle, italy

Analysis of aerial photos by using GIS tools and on-field surveys of flora are used to characterize territories from an agro-ecological point of view and to assess the level of diversity of given agro-ecosystems. More and more correlations between landscape characteristics, sustainability and quality of agriculture production were speculated. In ...
Read more

Terroir and sustainability: an analysis of brazilian vineyards from a territorial perspective

In the concept of sustainable viticulture proposed by the OIV, it can be noted that enhancing terroir is also one measure of sustainability. Thus, the territorial approach may offer an interesting viewpoint from which to consider this issue in a multi-perspective way. This paper purposes to present an evaluation of ...
Read more

Role of landscape diversity for biodiversity conservation in viticulture: life+ biodivine’s results

Nowadays biodiversity loss is considered as a prior environmental issue. Agricultural landscapes are particularly concerned, mainly through the specialization and intensification of farming activities which lead, at a larger scale, to landscape simplification. Landscape management would be a good means to halt biodiversity loss, but large-scale studies remain rare. The ...
Read more

SSR analysis of some Vitis sylvestris (GMEL.) accessions of the Szigetköz and Fertő-hanság national park, Hungary

The evolution of cultivated plants played important role in the ascent of humanity. Research of their origin and evolution started at the beginning of the20th century, but till nowadays a lot of questions remain open. A large number of theories exist about the evolution of the European grapevine (Vitis vinifera ...
Read more

Does the sustainability perception depend on the Terroir?

The main scope of this research has been to investigate what values are attributed to the concept of “sustainability” by the wine producers of two different wine territories of Piedmont; the terroir of the Barolo DOCG and the the terroir of the Gavi DOCG. The research wants to emphasize how ...
Read more

Terroir enhancement

Feminin vs masculin: the sensorial opposition between chambolle-musigny and gevrey-chambertin wines and the socioeconomical construction of a terroir/taste wine paradigm

At least since de XIXth century, wine writers oppose quite often the wines from Gevrey-Chambertin to the wines from Chambolle-Musigny claiming that the former are more “masculine” (full-bodied, powerful tannins, leathery, rustic…) and the later more “feminine” (delicate, elegant, silky, flowery…). It is generally accepted that these sensory differences are ...
Read more

Aroma profile of Tempranillo tropical red wines from different seasons in the São Francisco valley, northeast of Brazil

Aromatic characteristics of wines are strongly influenced by agronomical and enological factors, depending of the climate, cultivar and winemaking process. Tropical wines are a new concept of vitiviniculture that is being developped in the Northeast of Brazil since the 80’s, located between 8-9º latitude of the South Hemisphere, where the ...
Read more

Polyphenol content examination of Tokaji Aszú wines

 There are two important conditions which determine the nascency of particular Tokaj wines comulatively:  distinctive savour and fragance called the „aszú” taste and caused by Botritis c. Tokaj nature which come from the barrel and other special aging methods  We must state that two conditions above are only prevalent in the ...
Read more

From the “climats de Bourgogne” to the terroir in bottles

From a chemical composition point of view, wine is the result of complex interplays between environmental, genetic and human factors. The notion of terroir in viticulture involves the vine and its environment, including phenology, geography, geology, pedology and local climate of a vineyard, along with human inputs. On that basis, ...
Read more

Terroir Congress 2014: View all

Copy link
Powered by Social Snap