Terroir Congress 2016

The Terroirs of Oregon and the Pacific Northwest

Pacific Northwest wine regions and climates

This paper presents a review of wine regions in the Pacific Northwest (PNW) of North America. The PNW consists of the states of Oregon, Washington and Idaho and the province of British Columbia. There are currently 36 governmentally approved regions in the PNW with 30 American Viticultural Areas (AVAs) in ...
Read more

Climates of Wine Regions Worldwide

Wine growing regions global climate analysis

We depict the main features of five viticulture agroclimatic indices for 626 wine growing regions within 41 countries. The indices are calculated using the WorldClim 30 sec arc (1 km) resolution database, updated for the period 2000-2014 using CRU3.2 database. The spatial limits of each region are given by the ...
Read more

Climate change impacts on European grapevine yields through a dynamic crop modelling approach

Climate has a predominant role on growth and development of grapevines. Therefore, climate change represents an important challenge to the winemaking sector. The present study aims to develop climate change projections for grapevine yields in Europe. For this purpose, gridded climatic variables over a recent-past (1950-2000) and RCP8.5 future scenarios ...
Read more

Proposal for the development of a framework for a globally relevant wine sector climate change adaptation strategy

Climate change is impacting wine production in all parts of the world in highly variable ways that may change the expression of terroir, from rapid loss of viability right through to highly beneficial aspects that increase suitability. The ability of the wine sector to adapt to climate change is largely ...
Read more

Southern Oregon Ava landscape and climate for wine production

The Southern Oregon American Viticultural Area (AVA) consists of the Applegate Valley, Rogue Valley, Umpqua Valley, Elkton Oregon, and Red Hills of Douglas County sub-AVAs (Figure 1) that are some of the many winegrape producing regions found within the intermountain valleys along the west coast of the United States. The ...
Read more

Within vineyard temperature structure and variability in the umpqua valley of Oregon

Climate influences viticulture and wine production at various scales with the majority of attention given to regional characteristics that define the general varieties that can be grown and the wine styles that can be produced. However, within vineyard scale effects of climate can be substantial due to landscape variations. To ...
Read more

Soil Assessment and Management and Geological Influences on Terroir Development

Cover crops competition for water in vineyards: case studies in mediterranean terroirs

Vineyard cover cropping is a cultural practice widely used in many of the world’s winegrowing regions being one of the most recommended practices to face climate changes and to promote vineyard environmental sustainability. The benefits of using cover crops are many ranging from environmental protection (e.g. control of soil erosion, ...
Read more

Electromagnetic conductivity mapping and harvest zoning: deciphering relationships between soil and wine quality

Using electromagnetic conductivity mapping and GIS technology, we identified two unique soil zones within a 0.8-hectare Cabernet Franc block in central Virginia, USA. For three vintages we implemented a differential harvest and experimental winemaking based on soil zoning and noted that each zone produces unique wines despite the fact that ...
Read more

A 4D high resolution vineyard soil assessment for soil-hydrological interpretation in combination with automated data analysis and visualization to manage site-specific grape and wine quality

A Visual Information eNvironment for Effective agricultural management and Sustainability (VINES) is under development, which can provide significant competitive advantages to winegrowers by sustaining their appellation-specific grape and wine qualities and yields while measurably conserving water resources. The system has been designed to validate, refine, and improve the Automatic Landform ...
Read more

The “resources profile®”: a relevant decision and support system for adapting viticultural practices to soils agronomic properties and limiting their environmental impacts

Soil is a three-dimensional complex system, which constitutes a major component of Terroir. Soil characteristics strongly influence vine development, grape oenological potentialities and thus wine quality and style. Soil profile description by means of pits is essential for a relevant characterization of the soil. However, the interpretation of results is ...
Read more

Vine response to compost addition on a sandy-loam soil in the north-east of italy. Effects on root system, vegetative growth, yield and grape quality of Cabernet-Sauvignon cv

In this study two different compost types and two application methods were studied over 5 years (2009-2013) on mature Cabernet Sauvignon vines grown in a commercial vineyard in the AOC Piave area, northeastern Italy. The treatments compared were: IM: inter-row application of compost from cattle manure, at a rate of ...
Read more

Social Constructs of Terroir: Tourism, Economics, and Cultural Ideals

Organic Oregon: an emerging experience in terroir tourism

Emerging from anthropology, climatology, ecology, gastronomy, geography and wine tourism, terroir tourism has been recently recognized to have potential for developing rural agriculture tourism in Oregon. However, little research has investigated to determine terroir tourism and its characteristics, differentiating it from wine tourism. This paper investigates potential experiences and characteristics ...
Read more

The role of terroir in tourism led amenity migration: contrasting effects in Tuscany and the Okanagan valley of British Columbia

Definitions of terroir elude consistent agreement. As defined geographical space the common denominators of its conceptualization include natural and cultural elements of life, work, and lifestyle that have become idealized, even fetishized worldwide. It seems the ideal terroir for wine production is also an idealized lifestyle location. A very high ...
Read more

The vineyard landscape of the oasis norte of Mendoza Argentina. Economic assessment of the recreational use through contingent valuation method

Oasis Norte’s vineyards of Mendoza Argentina have shaped along their existence, a characteristic landscape; this area is close to Mendoza City, a regional metropolis with about one million inhabitants. Throughout the last 25 years the urban expansion and urban sprawl have been changing this landscape as a result some views ...
Read more

Représentation holistique d’une dynamique pluridisciplinaire suite à la cartographie des sols en Beaujolais

Une démarche de cartographie des sols a été engagée en 2009 par l’interprofession des vins du Beaujolais à l’initiative des professionnels de la région. A fin 2015, le travail est accompli à environ 85%, avec notamment la réalisation de 850 profils de sols, 16700 sondages tarière, portant sur 17000 ha, ...
Read more

Climate change and economic challenge – strategies for vinegrowers, winemakers and wine estates

For wine areas around the world, nature and climate are becoming factors of production whose endowment becomes a stake beyond the traditional economic factors: labor, capital, land. They strongly influence agricultural and environmental conditions for production. With global warming new production areas are suitable for cultivation of vines with new ...
Read more

Plant Management across Different Terroirs

Environmental and viticultural practice effects on the phenolic composition of grapes: impact on wine sensory properties

Grape phenolic compounds are located in the internal layers of grape skins and seeds. They are synthesized via the phenyl-propanoid biosynthetic pathway which is modulated by both biotic and abiotic factors. Considerable research has been conducted to clarify the evolution pattern of grape phenolic compounds and the role of environmental ...
Read more

1H NMR spectroscopy data to discriminate Petit verdot wines from three different soil types in the São Francisco valley, Brazil

Tropical wines have been produced in the São Francisco river Valley thirty years ago, in the Northeast of Brazil. The main grape cultivar used for red tropical wines is ‘Syrah’, but wines have presented fast evolution, if they were made in the first or second semester, due to the high ...
Read more

Impact of defoliation on leaf and berry compounds of Vitis vinifera L. Cv. Riesling investigated using non-destructive methods)

Climate change has a strong impact on the earlier onset of important phenological stages and plant development in viticulture. Hence, the adaptation of plant management is important to reply to climate related changes on a seasonal or long-term scale. In particular, a change in precipitation and higher temperatures entails the ...
Read more

Effects of future climate change on grape quality: a case study for the Aglianico grape in Campania region, Italy

Water deficits limit yields and this is one of the negative aspects of climate change. However, this applies particularly when emphasis is on biomass production (e.g. for crops like maize, wheat, etc.) but not necessarily for plants where quality, not quantity is most relevant. For grapevine water stress occurring during ...
Read more

The pedoclimatic conditions impact the yeast assimilable nitrogen concentration in the grapevine must and the valorisation of foliarnitrogen fertilisation

Aims: Agroscope investigated the efficiency of nitrogen fertilisation via foliar urea application at veraison with the aim of raising the yeast assimilable nitrogen (YAN) concentration in the musts. The observations were conducted over three vintages on two grapevine cultivars in several pedoclimatic conditions of the Leman wine region, Switzerland. Knowing ...
Read more

Landscape and Environmental Sustainability and Biodiversity

Microclimatic differences in fruit zone of vineyards on different elevations of ‘nagy-eged hill’ in eger wine region, Hungary

The Bull’s Blood of Eger (‘Egri Bikavér’) is one of the most reputed red wines in Hungary and abroad, produced in the Northeastern part of the country. It is known as a ruby blended, full bodied red wine with fruity and aged character. Vitis vinifera L. Kékfrankos (Blaufränkisch) is the ...
Read more

Effects of environmental factors and vineyard pratices on wine flora dynamics

The intensification of t vineyard practices led to an impoverishment of the biological diversity. In vineyard management, the reflection to reduce pesticides uses concerns mainly the soil management of the vineyard, and often focuses on flora management in the inter-row. The goal of the present study is to gain more ...
Read more

Spontaneous fermentation dynamics of indigenous yeast populations and their effect on the sensory properties of Riesling

Varietal Riesling aroma relies strongly on the formation and liberation of bound aroma compounds. Floral monoterpenes, green C6-alcohols, fruity C13-norisoprenoids and spicy volatile phenols are predominantly bound to disaccharides, which are produced and stored in the grape berry during berry maturation. Grape processing aims to extract maximum amount of the ...
Read more

Which risk assessment of water quality in pdo vineyards in Burgundy (France)?

To meet the demand of assessment tool of water managers we adapted to the vine production the INDIGO® method to developed initially for arable farming at the field scale. This article aims to assess the quality of water in Burgundy areas where viticulture is pointed out to downgrade quality of ...
Read more

Regenerative agricultural winegrowing systems play a role in refining the expression of terroir in the pacific coast region of United States and Canada

By definition, Regenerative Agricultural Systems seek to promote soil and plant health by using photosynthesis for the removal and retention of atmospheric carbon dioxide into stable soil carbon. Documented additional benefits include improved water infiltration and storage in the soil;reduced soil erosion; improved water quality in agricultural watersheds; an increase in the number and biodiversity of soil organisms; the reduction of petrochemical inputs and elimination of substances ...
Read more

Terroir Zoning Techniques

Remote sensing applications in viticulture: recent advances and new opportunities

Remote sensing applications in viticulture have been a research theme now for nearly two decades, becoming a valuable tool for vineyard management. Metrics produced using remotely sensed images of vineyards have yielded relationships with grape quality and yield that can help optimise vineyard performance. While valuable at the scale of ...
Read more

Spatial suitability analysis for site selection of vineyards using biophysical models and computational intelligence

Developing a sustainable agricultural production system and acquiring the full potential of land resources requires employing land-use assessment. This entails knowledge of the climate, soil, and topography of the area of interest. There is a great potential for Growth and development of grapes (Vitis vinefera L.) in the Pacific North ...
Read more

Introducing heterogeneity measurements in terroir studies. Application in the região demarcada do douro (n portugal)

Terroir zoning studies have to manage the heterogeneity and complexity of the landscape properties and processes. The varying geology is one of the main landscape properties conditioning the spatial variability of terroirs. An entropy-based index used to characterize the heterogeneity of soil particle size distribution has been recently recognized to ...
Read more

Terroir effects from the reflectance spectra of the canopy of vineyards in four viticultural regions

Knowledge of the reflectance spectrum of grape leaves is important to the identification of grape varieties in images of viticultural regions where several cultivars co-exist. As a non-destructive technique, spectroradiometry delivers reflectance spectra with high signal-to-noise ratios. This work reports results from field measurements of the reflectance spectra of five ...
Read more

Environmental influence on grape phenolic and aromatic compounds in a Nebbiolo selection (Vitis vinifera L.)

Nebbiolo (Vitis vinifera L.) is one of the most important wine red cultivar of North-west Italy. A better understanding of the complex relations among grape aromatic and phenolic maturity and environmental factors may strongly contribute to the improvement of the quality of Nebbiolo wines. In order to investigate this matter, ...
Read more

Understanding and Managing Wine Production from Different Terroirs

Understanding and managing wine production from different terroirs

A « terroir » is a cultivated ecosystem in which the vine interacts with the soil and the climate. Main climatic parameters include temperature, rainfall and reference evapotranspiration. Vine phenology and grape ripening is mainly driven by air temperature, but also by soil temperature. Soil provides water and minerals to ...
Read more

Characterization of phenolics and VOCs in wines obtained from Malbec vineyards of the Uco Valley submitted to high-altitude solar UV-B and water restriction

Authors: Rodrigo Alonso (1,2), Federico Berli (1), Ariel Fontana (1), Fernando Buscema (2), Patricia Piccoli (1), Rubén Bottini (1) (1) Instituto de Biología Agrícola de Mendoza (IBAM), Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, UNCuyo – CONICET, Mendoza, Argentina. (2) Catena Institute of Wine – Bodega Catena Zapata, Mendoza. Argentina. Email: ralonso@catenainstitute.com
Read more

Using a grape compositional model to predict harvest time and influence wine style

Linking wine composition to fruit composition is difficult due to the numerous biochemical pathways and substrate transformations that occur during fermentation. Grape composition regulates the production and final concentrations of most wine aroma compounds, as exemplified by methoxypyrazine and rotundone concentrations in wine being confidently predicted from the corresponding grape ...
Read more

Elucidating contributions by vineyard site on volatile aroma characteristics of pinot noir wines

Correlations between vineyard site and wine have, historically, been limited due to lack of uniformity in scion and rootstock clone and lack of controlled pilot-scale winemaking conditions, particularly temperature. Our work aims to minimize these sources of variation by using a single combination of scion and rootstock. In addition, we ...
Read more

Terroir factors causing sensory and chemical variation in Riesling wines

The term “terroir”, originated in France, comprises the interaction of soil, climate, and topography with the vines of a specific variety and may be extended to the human impact due to the active choice of viticultural and oenological treatments. Although geological diversity has been described for many vineyard sites, there ...
Read more

Terroir Congress 2016: View all

Copy link
Powered by Social Snap