Terroir 2006 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 International Terroir Conferences 9 Terroir 2006 9 Climate component of terroir (Terroir 2006) 9 Climatic zoning and viticulture in Galicia (North West Spain)

Climatic zoning and viticulture in Galicia (North West Spain)


Galicia is situated in the NW of the Iberian Peninsula, just north of Portugal and so sharing a mild, maritime climate, certain vine species and a number of long-standing viticultural traditions. In Galicia about 18,000 has are dedicated to wine growing, of which roughly half (46%) correspond to the 6 DOs in the area. The Galician climate is marked by its great diversity that can be explained by the prevailing maritime and continental winds over this part of the world and also due to its topography where a series of N to S mountainous chains check rain-bearing fronts from the Atlantic. This factor gives rise to the appearance of rain shadows particularly suitable for vine growing. A database was established with standardised 1971-2000 climatic data from 53 selected stations. Fourteen parameters and climatic indices commonly used in viticulture zoning studies were calculated. An analysis of principal components identified the main factors related to climatic variability as well as the climatic indices and parameters with major discriminating scores. These indices included those selected by the Geoviticulture Multicriteria Climatic Classification System (GMCCS). Results show that 13 out of the 36 worldwide viticulture climates specified by the GMCCS appear in Galicia confirming the diversity of viticultural climates present in the region. These results also demonstrate the efficacy of the GCCM system for the differentiation of climatic types on a regional level reinforcing the system’s versatility.


Publication date: January 12, 2022

Issue: Terroir 2006

Type: Article


José QUEIJEIRO, Daniel BLANCO and Cristalina ÁLVAREZ

Plant Biology and Soil Science Department, Vigo University, Spain.
Facultade de Ciencias de Ourense, As Lagoas s/n. 32004 Ourense, España

Contact the author


mesoclimate, vine, Galicia, zonification


IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2006


Related articles…

Implementing VIS-NIR spectroscopy as a rapid and non-intrusive technique for assessing anthocyanin and phenolic concentrations in Vitis vinifera L. Grenache whole grape berries

Anthocyanins and phenolic compounds play a crucial role in winemaking, contributing to the profile, flavor, color, texture, and stability of wine. Grape clusters, specifically Vitis vinifera L. cv. Grenache, were handpicked from a commercial vineyard sited in Tudelilla, La Rioja, Spain (42°18′ 52.26″, Long. -2°7′ 59.15″, Alt. 582 m) on five distinct dates from veraison to harvest during the 2015 season. Non-contact spectral measurements were conducted on intact grape berries using a VIS-NIR spectrometer operating in the 570 – 1000 nm spectral range under controlled laboratory conditions, positioned at a distance of 25 cm from the berries. The quantification of 16 anthocyanins and phenols in 120 grape clusters was performed using HPLC, established as the reference method for validating the spectral tool.

High density balsamic vinegar: application of stable isotope ratio analysis to determine watering down.

Aceto balsamico di Modena IGP (ABM) is an Italian worldwide appreciated PGI (Protected Geographical Indication) vinegar,  obtained from cooked and/or concentrated grape must (at least 20% of the volume), with the addition of at least 10% of wine vinegar and a maximum 2% of caramel for color stability (EU Reg. 583/ 2009).

A zoning study of the viticultural territory of a cooperative winery in Valpolicella

The Valpolicella hilly area, north of Verona, is highly vocated for viticulture but its vineyards are sometimes characterized by very different soil and microclimate conditions which can greatly affect their oenological potential.

AOC Saint-Romain, Hautes-Côtes-de-Beaune, Burgundy: analysis of a “terroir”

The aim of this study is to provide an overview of the terroir of Saint-Romain, Burgundy, based on three main information sources: official data relating to vines (CVI), soil cartography and a survey of winegrowers’ practices.

La zonazione viticola e i compiti dell’amministrazione regionale

Solo attraverso un adeguato intervento di estirpazione e reimpianto dei vigneti è possibile preservare, adeguare e valorizzare il patrimonio viticolo e le produzioni che da esso derivano.
Il reimpianto dei vigneti è pertanto da intendersi come una normale pratica agricola, alla pari della rimonta di stalla in campo zootecnico, ma può assumere toni problematici quando, come si verifica adesso in Toscana per una serie di circostanze legate alla profonda trasfor­mazione della viticoltura avvenuta negli ultimi 30 anni, troppi impianti giungono contem­poraneamente a fine ciclo produttivo e devono essere rinnovati.