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Macrowine 2021: available on IVES Conference Series

We were a partner of the 2021 Macrowine international congress. This event was held virtually last June. On IVES Conference Series portal, more than 280 abstracts written by wine scientists are available. They are available in Open Access and are divided into 6 sessions (see below). Macrowine 2021 – six sessions: Grapevine diversity and viticultural […]

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Red wine astringency: correlations between chemical and sensory features

Astringency is a crucial sensory attribute typically described as the drying and/or puckering sensation occurring after the consumption of tannin-rich foods and beverages. In this study, thirty-seven red wines from different varieties, origins and styles were evaluated, analyzing both chemical and sensory features. Principal Component Analysis was used for dimensionality-reduction and for correlating selected chemical […]

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On sample preparation methods for fermentative beverage VOCs profiling by GCxGC-TOFMS

AIM: Study the influence of sample preparation methods on the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) profiling for fermentative beverages by GCxGC-TOFMS analysis. METHODS: Five common sample preparation methods were tested on pooled red wine, white wine, cider, and beer. Studied methods were DHS, Liquid-liquid extraction, mSBSE, SPE and SPME. VOCs were analyzed by GCxGC-TOFMS followed by […]

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Kinetic study of browning caused by laccase activity using different substrates

AIM: To our knowledge all the studies about laccase kinetics and its inhibition have been performed with substrates and conditions very different from those of real grape juice. Moreover, none of these researches really measure enzymatic browning, since they have not taken into account what happens after the oxidation of o-diphenols in o-diquinones and their […]

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Adsorption capacity of phenolics compounds by polyaniline materials in model solution

AIM: The aim of this work was to study the trapping capacity of four polyaniline polymers towards phenolic compounds in wine-like model solutions. METHODS: The model wine solution was composed of 12% (v/v) and 4 g/L of tartaric acid adjusted to pH = 3.6. A series of centrifuge tubes (15 mL) were filled with 10 […]

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Influence of must fining on wine pinking: relationship between electrochemical and colorimetric measurements and pinking attitude of wine

AIM: “Pinking” is a term used to define an abnormal pink coloration assumed by white wines in certain cases. Despite the are many hypotheses about the causes of this phenomenon, pinking still represents an issue for the wine industry. In the absence of reliable preventive strategies, wineries often rely on treatments such as charcoal fining, […]

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Effect of non-wine Saccharomyces yeasts and bottle ageing on the release and generation of aromas in semi-synthetic Tempranillo wines

AIM: Explore the variability and contribution of non-wine Saccharomyces yeasts and bottle aging on the release and generation of aromas of semi-synthetic Tempranillo wines, together with an in-depth study of the capacity of these strains to provide good fermentative and oenological qualities. METHODS: 16 Saccharomyces yeasts strains of different species and origins performed fermentations in […]

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Enzyme treatments during pre-fermentative maceration of white winegrapes: effect on volatile organic compounds and chromatic traits

AIM: Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are very important for the characterisation and quality of the final white wine. An oenological practice to increase the extraction of aroma compounds is the cold pre-fermentative maceration [1,2], although it may also release phenolic compounds that confer darker chromatic traits to white wines, not appreciated by consumers. This practice […]

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Olfactometric and sensory study of red wines subjected to ultrasound or microwaves during their elaboration

The effect that some extraction techniques, such as ultrasound (Cacciola, Batllò, Ferraretto, Vincenzi, & Celotti, 2013; Povey & McClements, 1988) or microwaves (Carew, Close, & Dambergs, 2015; Carew, Gill, Close, & Dambergs, 2014) produce on the aroma of red wines, when applied to processes of extractive nature, such as pre-fermentative maceration or ageing with oak […]

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Is the consumer ready for innovative fruit wines?

AIM: Wine consumption in the last fifteen years showed a decrease in Europe [1]. New alternatives of wines appeared on the market. Those beverages are obtained by blending wines and fruit juices or flavoring wines with artificial or natural aromas and have medium alcohol content (from 8 to 10.5%) [2]. Recently, an innovative fruit wine has […]

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