Terroir 1996 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Nuove tecnologie per la viticoltura in zone di alto valore ambientale

Nuove tecnologie per la viticoltura in zone di alto valore ambientale


[English version below]

Gli autori presentano gli ultimi risultati delle ricerche dei DIAF sulla meccanizzazione delle operazioni colorali in zone di difficile accesso e transitabilità quali le aree marginali, i terreni terrazzati e altre realtà agricole caratterizzate da spazi estremamente ristretti (vivaismo, orticoltura, ecc.).
Le prime esperienze risalgono agli anni ’90 quando furono realizzati prototipi per la raccolta del ginepro e successivamente per la raccolta del caffe; dal 1994 gli studi si sono localizzati sul Progetto Candia che prevede la meccanizzazione di vigneti posti su pendici terrazzate a forte declività; sono state realizzare due macchine motrici che per la loro ergonomia, maneggevolezza e dotazione dei sistemi di accoppiamento normalizzati, costituiscono una nuova categoria di macchine agricole che possono convenientemente sostituire i trattori monoasse.

The DIAF has faced mechanization problems of terraced and strong declivity zones particularly in the vineyard area of the Candia in which a project promoted and financed by ARSIA (Tuscan regional agency for the development and innovation in the agricultural and forestry sector) is in progress. Two prototypes of track-laying machine constituting a new category of agricultural tractors have been realized. In particular this machinery is designed as movable power station having hydraulic and electro-mechanic standardized power take off. The concept adopted to realize their design takes into consideration multifunctional and manageable equipment like the two wheeled walking tractor overcoming problems of stability obtained with the handle and of the necessary strength to steer machine.
This is particularly important in zones of difficult accessibility for ingrown spaces and for steep inclinations. Furthermore many modem agricultural machines require elevated powers not feasible with walking tractors. The prototypes are designed as a motorized frame with tracks and hydrostatic transmission for easier driving: this system also allows rapid turn back important in small zones. The operator is placed in no external position for safer utilization in dangerous situations. Hydrostatic lift and standard electro controlled p.t.o. permit no easier and more precise equipment control.
The two tractors have different power (13,5 and 18 kW) and two different link systems (easy clutch for light tools and the classical 3 points lift). The ergonomy and safety of this new machinery make it a real evolution in farm mechanization a and.
Beyond the use in the vineyard, these machine scan be used for further applications: olive crops in the terraced areas where it is not possible to adopt classical tractors, the nursery crops, for horticulture and in woods and parks management.


Publication date: March 2, 2022

Issue: Terroir 1998

Type: Article



(1) ARSIA. Agenzia regionale toscana per lo sviluppo agricolo e forestale.
Via Pietrapiana 30, 50121 Firenze (ltaly)
(2) DIAF. Dipartimento di ingegneria agricola e forestale, Università di Firenze. Piazzale delle Cascine 15, 50144 Firenze (ltaly)

Contact the author


IVES Conference Series | Terroir 1998


Related articles…

Building of a hierarchy of wines based on terroirs: an initiative from the producers of Muscadet

The Muscadet area is situated in the southeast of Nantes, close to the Atlantic coast. It constitutes the western extension
of the French vineyard “Loire Valley”. The Muscadet is renowned and often spontaneously linked to a white wine.
However it remains misconceived as an ordinary wine, lacking authenticity.

How the physical components of the terroir can differently intervene in French wines DPO definitions.Example of Côte de Nuits in Burgundy

European regulations describe what elements must be given in the specifications of DPO determination ; mainly production conditions, links between quality and products characteristics and the physical traits of the production area. These elements are given in the “link to terroir” paragraph relating natural and human factors, detailed product characteristics linked to the geographical area and at last interactions between product originality and the geographical area.

Vignobles sur les pentes en Bourgogne : l’aube d’un nouveau modèle de l’Antiquité au Moyen Âge

La découverte d’une vigne gallo-romaine en plaine à Gevrey-Chambertin (Côte-d’Or) constitue un point important pour la compréhension de la construction des terroirs viticoles de Bourgogne. Sa situation en plaine constitue pour nous le point de départ d’une large réflexion sur la mise en place du modèle de viticulture de coteau qui prévaut en Bourgogne et sur les facteurs de ce changement de norme de qualité viticole. Les sources mobilisées pour cette approche interdisciplinaire et diachronique sont géomorphologiques, archéologiques et textuelles.

Everything else, it’s work ”Socio-cultural dimensions of terroir among Bordeaux winemakers

In 2010, the OIV adopted a resolution that defines ‘terroir’. The OIV definition understands terroir as the result of the interactions between the physical specificities of a space and human labor, with an emphasis on the subsequently produced collective knowledge (OIV-VITI 333-2010); by doing so, it alludes to the social and cultural dimensions of terroir.

Swiss program for the creation of fungal disease resistant grape varieties in Switzerland

Grapevine breeding is part of the research program of Agroscope in Switzerland since 1965. From 1965 to 1995, the aim of the Vitis vinifera crosses was to obtain a high resistance to grey rot (Botrytis cinerea), one of the most virulent fungal pathogens in the Swiss vineyard. In 2021, the grape varieties released from this first breeding program covered 936 ha of the 15’000 ha of the Swiss vineyard.
In 1996, a second breeding program aimed at obtaining, by classical interspecific hybridization, grape varieties resistant to downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola) and powdery mildew (Erisyphe necator) and less sensitive to grey rot (Botrytis cinerea). In order to accelerate and make the selection process more reliable, an early biochemical test was developed based on the natural defense mechanisms of the vine against downy mildew (stilbene phytoalexins). The synthesis of stilbenes (i.e., resveratrol and its oxidized dimers - and -viniférine) and pterostilbenes (methylated derivative) is among the most efficient induced defense mechanisms of grapevine against fungal pathogens on both the leaves and the clusters.