IVAS 2022 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 IVAS 9 IVAS 2022 9 Effect of Quercus Alba oak barrels from different forests on the polyphenolic composition of Tempranillo red wines

Effect of Quercus Alba oak barrels from different forests on the polyphenolic composition of Tempranillo red wines

Abstract

AIM: The species and origin used for red wine oak aging determines the physiological composition of the wood and thus the finished wines. In America, oak is grown primarily in the states of Virginia, Missouri, Kentucky, Oregon, Ohio, Minnesota, Wisconsin and California. The aim of this study was to analyze how the choice of barrels made with Quercus Alba oak from different geographic areas of the United States (Missouri, Kentucky, Ohio and Pennsylvania) influences the polyphenolic composition of Tempranillo red wines.

METHODS: In this study, twelve different Tempranillo wines were aged for 12 months in new 225-liter American oak barrels (medium toast degree) from different forest of the United States: Missouri, Kentucky, Ohio and Pennsylvania. These barrels were made by the Toneleria Murua in 2018 and the experiences were carried out in twelve wineries of the D.O.Ca Rioja and D.O. Rueda. Samples were taken when the wines after 6 and 12 months of aging. The monomeric phenolic compounds were quantified by high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) according to the methodology proposed by Gómez-Alonso et al. (2007).

RESULTS: After 12 months of aging, wines aged in Missouri oak showed significantly higher values of total anthocyanins and stilbenes. Wines aged in Kentucky and Ohio oak showed significantly higher values of total flavonols and ellagitannins. Wines aged in Pennsylvania barrels showed higher concentrations of catechin. 

CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that the geographical origin of the Quercus Alba oak significantly affected the polyphenolic composition of the wines. The results obtained in the present study could help for selecting the oak origin that best suited to the different wines.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: The authors would like to thank the Gobierno de La Rioja for the funding provided for this study through the project ADER2019-I-IDD-00067.

References

Gómez-Alonso, S.; García-Romero, E., Hermosín-Gutiérrez, I. (2007). HPLC analysis of diverse grape and wine phenolics using direct injection and multidetection by DAD and fluorescence. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 20, 618-626.

DOI:

Publication date: June 24, 2022

Issue: IVAS 2022

Type: Poster

Authors

Canalejo Diego1, Zhao Feng1, Martínez-Lapuente Leticia1, Guadalupe Zenaida1 and Ayestarán Belén1

1Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino (Universidad de la Rioja, Gobierno de La Rioja y CSIC)

Contact the author

Keywords

Oak in wine aging, geographical origin, polyphenolic compounds

Tags

IVAS 2022 | IVES Conference Series

Citation

Related articles…

Study and valorization of vineyards “terroirs” of A.O.C. Cahors (Lot, France)

In the current context of market competition and consumption evolution, it is necessary to produce wines of a genuine typicity. The Terroir represents an unique and irreproducible inheritance that can be valorized through the origin and the sensory characteristics of the wines.

Three Nebbiolo clone anthocyanin profile as affected by environmental conditions

Vitis vinifera ‘Nebbiolo’ cultivar is a 3’-subsituted anthocyanin prevalent wine variety. It is grown in North-West Italy for the production of high quality ageing wines. In the present work berry skin anthocyanin amounts and profiles of the clones CVT 308, CVT 423 and CVT 142 were studied in 2004 and in 2005 in four environmentally different locations of North-West Italy: Donnas (steep mountain area), Monforte (hilly area, with a pH of 8.1), Vezza (hilly area, with a pH of 8.2) and Lessona (plain area, with a pH of 4.8).

Terroir analysis and its complexity

Terroir is not only a geographical site, but it is a more complex concept able to express the “collective knowledge of the interactions” between the environment and the vines mediated through human action and “providing distinctive characteristics” to the final product (OIV 2010). It is often treated and accepted as a “black box”, in which the relationships between wine and its origin have not been clearly explained. Nevertheless, it is well known that terroir expression is strongly dependent on the physical environment, and in particular on the interaction between soil-plant and atmosphere system, which influences the grapevine responses, grapes composition and wine quality. The Terroir studying and mapping are based on viticultural zoning procedures, obtained with different levels of know-how, at different spatial and temporal scales, empiricism and complexity in the description of involved bio-physical processes, and integrating or not the multidisciplinary nature of the terroir. The scientific understanding of the mechanisms ruling both the vineyard variability and the quality of grapes is one of the most important scientific focuses of terroir research. In fact, this know-how is crucial for supporting the analysis of climate change impacts on terroir resilience, identifying new promised lands for viticulture, and driving vineyard management toward a target oenological goal. In this contribution, an overview of the last findings in terroir studies and approaches will be shown with special attention to the terroir resilience analysis to climate change, facing the use and abuse of terroir concept and new technology able to support it and identifying the terroir zones.

Effect of different pH values on the interaction between yeast mannoproteins and grape seed flavanols

The consequences of the global climate change in the vitiviniculture are revealed as a gap between phenolic and technological grape maturities, higher grape sugar concentration that leads to high wine alcohols levels, lower acidities and high pH values, among others. The unbalanced phenolic maturity caused in this scenario leads to harsh astringency and to instable colour of wines. Previous studies have reported that the addition of yeast mannoproteins (MPs) to wines may have positive effects on these two organoleptic properties due to their capability to interact with wine polyphenols [1]; however, studies about the effect of the pH on these interactions have not been carried out so far.

Light-struck taste in white wine: enological approach for its prevention

Light-struck taste is a defect prevalent in white wines bottled in clear glass light-exposed for a considerable amount of time leading to a loss of color and appearance of sulfur-like odors. The reaction involves riboflavin (RF), a highly photosensitive compound that undergoes to intermolecular photoreduction by the uptake of two electron equivalents from an external donor, the methionine. The reaction includes different steps forming methional which is extremely unstable and decomposes to methane thiol and acrolein. The reaction of two molecules of methane thiol yields dimethyl disulfide. Methane thiol is highly volatile, has a low perception threshold (2 to 10 µg/L in wine) and confers aroma-like rotten eggs or cabbage.