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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 GiESCO 9 Implications of the respect of pruning principles on grapevine development

Implications of the respect of pruning principles on grapevine development

Abstract

Context and purpose of the study – After some decades sunk into oblivion, pruning has recently recovered the focus of grape growers and viticulturists worldwide. Attention is now being paid to the respect the sap flow continuity and to pruning wounds, as they may affect the general performance and longevity of the plant. The longevity and profitability are strongly affected by the increasing incidence of grapevine wood diseases (GWD), intensified by the omission of good pruning practices and leading to an increasingly aggressive pruning. The purpose of this study is to provide an objective evaluation of the short- and mid-term implications of different pruning practices that differ in the degree of observation several of pruning principles.

Material and methods – Trials were conducted in four commercial vineyards from La Rioja and Navarra (Spain), planted with cv. Tempranillo grafted onto Richter 110 Three different pruning strategies were applied: i) winegrower pruning, according to the winegrower criteria of the area (WIN); ii) respectful pruning, leaving protection wood and respecting the sap flow (RES); and iii) aggressive pruning, without protection wood or respecting the sap flow (AGGR). The treatments were applied following a randomized block experimental design, with three replicates of 10 vines per treatment. Green and winter pruning was carried out during three seasons (2020-2022) and the vegetative growth and yield were monitored throughout these seasons.

Results – In young vineyards, three-season data showed that vegetative growth was significantly higher in the RES pruning compared to WIN and AGGR strategies. Our results corroborated that a respectful pruning on young grapevines with wood protection and respecting the sap flow, leads to a higher spring growth, and consequently, a higher development of shoots the following winter. In adult vineyards, the results were less consistent, although AGGR increased the pruning weight and the individual shoot weight, and tended to decrease the amount of vegetation removed during the green pruning. Considering all the results, the observation of pruning principles showed to have a significant impact on the growth of the vines, although the effect was also dependent on the age and characteristics of the vineyard. The mid- and long-term effects will be evaluated in the following years, as pruning practices can also affect the longevity and sanitary status of the vines.

DOI:

Publication date: July 5, 2023

Issue: GiESCO 2023

Type: Poster

Authors

Nahiara JUANENA1, Mónica GALAR1, Ana VILLA-LLOP 1,2, Bárbara SEBASTIÁN3, Julián PALACIOS3, Coralie DEWASME4, Jean-Philippe ROBY4, Nazareth TORRES1, Luis Gonzaga SANTESTEBAN1*

1Dpt. of Agronomy, Biotechnology and Food, Public University of Navarre (UPNA), Campus Arrosadia, 31006 Pamplona, Spain
2Vitis Navarra Nursery, Carretera Na132, Km. 18, 31251 Larraga, Navarra
3Viticultura Viva S.L., Cabmesado 4, 31390 Olite, Spain
4Chambre D’Agriculture Des Pyrénées Atlantiques – 124 Bd Tourasse 64078 Pau Cedex
5ISVV, UMR EGFV, 210 Chemin De Leysotte 50008 33 882 Villenave D’Ornon

Contact the author*

Keywords

longevity, profitability, protection wood, sap flow, respectful pruning, aggressive pruning

Tags

GiESCO | GIESCO 2023 | IVES Conference Series

Citation

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