terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Characterizing graft union formation in different scion/rootstock combinations of grapevine 

Characterizing graft union formation in different scion/rootstock combinations of grapevine 


In most viticultural regions, grapevines are cultivated grafted, employing either hybrid or pure species of various American Vitis spp., such as V. berlandieri, V. rupestris, and V. riparia, as grapevine rootstocks. These rootstocks play a crucial role in providing resistance to the Phylloxera insect pest. Beyond Phylloxera resistance, it is desirable for grapevine rootstocks to exhibit resistance to other soil-borne pathogens and adaptability to abiotic stress conditions. The introduction of new rootstocks holds promise for adapting agriculture to climate change without altering the characteristics of the final harvested product. However, achieving high success rates in grafting for new rootstock genotypes is imperative. This study aims to develop quantitative techniques for characterizing graft union formation in different grapevine scion/rootstock combinations. The research focuses on the initial months after grafting, examining factors such as the quantity of callus (both fresh and dry mass) and the mechanical strength of the graft union. Interestingly, the quantity of callus at the graft interface varied among genotypes and did not necessarily correlate with the mechanical strength of the graft union. Challenges in quantitatively phenotyping different stages of graft union formation have impeded the identification of genetic determinants for grafting success across plant species. To address this bottleneck, various quantitative techniques are being developed to elucidate the genetic architecture of graft union formation in grapevine.


Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster


Marilou Camboué1, Jean-Pascal Tandonnet1, Marine Morel1, Elisa Marguerit1, Sarah Jane Cookson1*

1 EGFV, Univ. Bordeaux, Bordeaux Sciences Agro, INRAE, ISVV, F-33882, Villenave d’Ornon, France

Contact the author*


scion, rootstock, grafting, callus, mechanical strength


IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024


Related articles…

« Wine routes »: a collective brand to build a wine reputation on the basis of terroir and landscapes

Le marché international du vin est désormais tourné vers la qualité et les vignobles de vin de masse se transforment pour construire la qualité et la réputation de leurs produits. Cette construction s’appuie notamment sur la valorisation de ressources territoriales de nature physique (terroir, pacage, écosystème) et humaine (savoir-faire, culture, patrimoine…). Les « Routes des Vins » sont des exemples concrets de ces processus de «territorialisation», combinant ces ressources territoriales pour communiquer sur l’ancrage géographique et la spécificité des vins. Les «Routes des Vins» émergentes, observées dans les régions vitivinicoles en transition vers la qualité, en Languedoc Roussillon, à Mendoza (Argentine) et au Western Cape (Afrique du Sud), participent souvent à la valorisation des terroirs, en organisant un itinéraire sur le territoire associé, en faisant découvrir les vins «de qualité», les paysages, les pratiques et le savoir-faire associés à leur élaboration.

Rootstock regulation of scion phenotypes: the relationship between rootstock parentage and petiole mineral concentration

Rootstocks not only provide tolerance to Phylloxera, but also ensure the supply of water and mineral nutrients to the whole plant. Rootstocks are an important way of adapting to environmental conditions while conserving the typical features of scion varieties. We can exploit the large diversity of rootstocks used worldwide to aid this adaptation. The aim of this study was to characterise rootstock regulation of scion mineral status and its relation with scion development.

Stabilità dei caratteri fenotipici dl alcune cv in diversi pedopaesaggi friulani. Applicazione del metodo nella caratterizzazione viticola del comprensorio DOC “Friuli-Grave”

This communication was estracted from a study concerning the viticultural characterization of A.V.A. “Friuli-Grave” area sponsored by Chamber of Commerce of Pordenone.

Characterization of tannins and prevention of light-struck taste: the enofotoshield project

Hydrolysable tannins resulted effective against the formation of light-struck taste (LST) in model wine [1]. The first activity of Enofotoshield project is to evaluate the effectiveness of tannins

The generation of suspended cell wall material may limit the effect of ultrasound in some varieties

The disruptive effect exerted by high-power ultrasound (US) on plant cell walls, natural barriers to the diffusion of compounds of interest during the maceration of red wines, is established as the reason behind the chromatic improvement that its treatment causes. However, sometimes this improvement is not observed, especially with short maceration times. The presence of a high quantity of suspended cell wall material, which formation is favored by the sonication, could be the cause of this lack of positive results since this cell wall material has a high affinity for phenolic compounds.