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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Water status response of Vitis vinifera L. cv Cabernet Sauvignon during the first years within the long-term VineyardFACE (Free Air Carbon dioxide Enrichment) study 

Water status response of Vitis vinifera L. cv Cabernet Sauvignon during the first years within the long-term VineyardFACE (Free Air Carbon dioxide Enrichment) study 

Abstract

Understanding grapevine responses to increasing atmospheric CO2 (aCO2) concentrations is crucial for assessing the impact of climate change on viticulture. Previously, at the VineyardFACE (Free Air Carbon dioxide Enrichment) experiment in Geisenheim, leaf gas exchange measurements were made as Vitis vinifera cv. Cabernet Sauvignon established from planting (2014 to 2016) under aCO2 or elevated CO2 (eCO2, aCO2 + 20%) concentrations. Contrary to many preceding observations with grapevines and other perennial plant species the young vines showed an increased intrinsic water use efficiency (WUEi) that was mainly associated with an increase in net assimilation (A) rather than a decrease in stomatal conductance (gs) under eCO2.
To determine the impact of this stomatal conduction response to eCO2 on whole vine water use, sap-flow gauges were installed for subsequent seasons (2016/2017), with complementary measurements of leaf gas exchange, pre-dawn leaf water potential (Ψpd), soil water content and recording of weather data. Furthermore, a vineyard water balance model was used to test the implications of the eCO2 response, and possible explanations. Net assimilation and intrinsic water use efficiency values were higher for Cabernet Sauvignon under eCO2 conditions, likewise transpiration rates (E) and stomatal conductance. Results were supported through whole vine transpiration measurements, pointing to a higher water use of young vines under eCO2. The difference in daily vine water use between both CO2 treatments was higher on days of high evaporative demand. Further, pre-dawn leaf water potentials were slightly lower under aCO2, indicating a potentially lower risk for drought stress for young vines under eCO2.

DOI:

Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Article

Authors

Yvette Wohlfahrt1*, Jason Smith1,2, Marco Hofmann1

1 Department of General and Organic Viticulture, Hochschule Geisenheim University, Von-Lade-Str. 1, 65366 Geisenheim, Germany
2 Current address: Gulbali Institute for Agriculture, Water and Environment, Charles Sturt University, Leeds Parade, Orange, NSW 2800, Australia

Contact the author*

Keywords

grapevine, climate change, carbon dioxide, water status, gas exchange, transpiration model

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024

Citation

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