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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 The role of phytoplasma effector interaction with phosphoglucomutase in the pathogenicity of ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma solani’ in grapevine 

The role of phytoplasma effector interaction with phosphoglucomutase in the pathogenicity of ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma solani’ in grapevine 


Bois noir is the most widespread phytoplasma grapevine disease in Europe. It is associated with ‘CandidatusPhytoplasma solani’. In symptomatic grapevines cv. ‘Zweigelt’ infected with ‘Ca. P. solani’ compared with uninfected grapevines, metabolic pathways associated with phosphorylated sugar production were induced both at the transcriptional level and at the level of activity of the corresponding enzymes (Dermastia et al., 2021, Int. J. Mol. Sci.22: 3531). In particular, the expression of gene coding for phosphoglucoisomerase was upregulated, resulting in increased phosphoglucoisomerase enzyme activity. Phosphoglucoisomerase converse glucose-1-phosphate to glucose-6-phosphate, which can be used as a substrate for starch biosynthesis. Besides, phosphoglucomutase activity was induced also in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves transiently transformed with the construct of putative effector PoStoSP28, previously annotated as an antigenic membrane protein StAMP related to interaction of phytoplasma with its insect vector. Using a pull-down assay and in planta co-IP assay, we confirmed that PoStoSP28 interacts with both grapevine phosphoglucomutases. In transiently transformed N. benthamiana leaves, PoStoSP28 was localized in the nucleus and cytosol and accompanied by a distinct border at the periphery or just outside the nucleus and in the thread-like structures spanning the cells. Upon closer inspection, some autophagosome-like structures were found in N. benthamiana cells expressing the PoStoSP28 effector. Moreover, PoStoSP28 was not only localized in the autophagosome but also increased the occurrence of autophagosomes (Dermastia et al., 2023, Front. Plant Sci. 14: 1232367). Therefore, the results suggest that PoStoSP28 plays a role in the pathogenicity of phytoplasma in grapevine by interacting with grapevine phosphoglucomutase enzymes.


Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Article


Maruša Pompe Novak1,2*, Rebeka Strah1,3, Špela Tomaž1,3, Tjaša Lukan1, Anna Coll1, Maja Zagorščak1, Kristina Gruden1, Günter Brader4, Marina Dermastia1

1 Department of Biotechnology and Systems Biology, National Institute of Biology, Ljubljana, Slovenia
2 Faculty of Viticulture and Enology, University of Nova Gorica, Vipava, Slovenia
3 Jožef Stefan International Postgraduate School, Ljubljana, Slovenia
4 Bioresources Unit, Health & Environment Department, Austrian Institute of Technology, Tulln, Austria

Contact the author*


grapevine, Candidatus Phytoplasma solani, effector, StAMP, phosphoglucomutase


IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024


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