Enoforum 2021
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Enoforum Web 9 Enoforum Web Conference 2021 9 Use of microorganisms in the disinfection/protection of organic rooted-cuttings from wood pathogens

Use of microorganisms in the disinfection/protection of organic rooted-cuttings from wood pathogens


One of the major problems affecting the viticulture sector is the quantity of plant protection products (especially copper) used to control the main foliar diseases of the vine. The Life Green Grapes project enter in the production context with the aim of reducing the use of fungicides throughout the production cycle, starting from mother plants protection in the field up to the production of wine and table grapes.

The process goes through the nursery sector where it aims to improve both the phytosanitary state of the rooted-cuttings, reducing the endophytic presence of potentially pathogenic wood fungi, and the qualitative aspect of the nursery material, through the application of a consortium of microorganisms that increase the microbial biodiversity associated with the rhizosphere.

At the “Vivaio Moroni”, partner of the project, the propagation material was treated following three different application protocols: 1) Corporate Bio; 2) Trichoderma+Mycorrhiza; 3) Trichoderma.

To evaluate the most suitable time for the application of the products, treatments were carried out at different stages of the production process: 1) before storage in the fridge at 4⁰C; 2) before delivery to the vine farm; 3) just before planting.

The analyzes carried out showed a greater root mass in the proximal area in all the treatments with Trichoderma+mycorrhiza and allowed to quantify the presence of the applied microorganisms; they showed the effects on the vegetative state (statistically significant differences between the control and the treatments); and furthermore highlighted the tendency to reduce wood pathogens in both treatments (Trichoderma only and with Trichoderma+Mycorrhizae).


Publication date: April 23, 2021

Issue: Enoforum 2021

Type: Article


G. Carella¹*, F. Burroni², A. Ciofini³, L. Ghelardini¹, R. Perria³, W.A. Petrucci³, P. Storchi³ and L. Mugnai¹

¹ Department of Agriculture, Food, Environment and Forestry (DAGRI), University of Florence, Piazzale delle Cascine 28, I-50144, Florence, Italy
² Studio Associato Agroniminvigna, Via de’ Buondelmonti 62, 50125 Firenze, Italy
³Council for Agricultural Research and Economics (CREA), Research centre for Viticulture and Enology, Viale Santa Margherita 80, 52100 Arezzo, Italy

Contact the author


Enoforum 2021 | IVES Conference Series


Related articles…

Physiological and growth reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt to row orientation and soil water status

Advanced knowledge on grapevine row orientation is required to improve establishment, management and outcomes of vineyards on terroirs with different environmental conditions (climate, soil, topography) and in view of a future change to more extreme climatic conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the combined effect of row orientation, plant water status and ripeness level on the physiological and viticultural reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt.

Effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California

San Joaquin Valley accounts for 40% of wine grape acreage and produces 70% of wine grape in California. Fruit quality is one of most important factors which impact the economical sustainability of farming wine grapes in this region. Due to the recent drought and expected labor cost increase, the wine industry is thrilled to understand how to improve fruit quality while maintaining the yield with less water and labor input. The present study aims to study the interactive effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on yield and berry compositions of Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California.

The effects of cane girdling on berry texture properties and the concentration of some aroma compounds in three table grape cultivars

The marketability of the table grapes is highly influenced by the consumer demand; therefore the market value of the table grapes is mainly characterized by its berry size, colour, taste and texture. Girdling could cause accumulation of several components in plants above the ringing of the phloem including clusters and resulting improved maturity. The aim of the experiments was to examine the effect of girdling on berry texture characteristics and aroma concentration.

Application of a fluorescence-based method to evaluate the ripening process and quality of Pinot Blanc grape

The chemical composition of grape berries at harvest is one of the most important factors that should be considered to produce high quality wines. Among the different chemical classes which characterize the grape juice, the polyphenolic compound, such as flavonoids, contribute to the final taste and color of wines. Recently, an innovative non-destructive method, based on chlorophyll fluorescence, was developed to estimate the phenolic maturity of red grape varieties through the evaluation of anthocyanins accumulated in the berry skin. To date, only few data are available about the application of this method on white grape varieties.

Different yield regulation strategies in semi-minimal-pruned hedge (SMPH) and impact on bunch architecture

Yields in the novel viticulture training system Semi-Minimal-Pruned Hedge (SMPH) are generally higher compared to the traditional Vertical Shoot Positioning (VSP). Excessive yields have a negative impact on the vine and wine quality, which can result in substantial losses in yield in subsequent vintages (alternate bearing) or penalties in fruit quality. Therefore yield regulation is essential. The bunch architecture in SMPH differs from VSP. Generally there is a higher amount but smaller bunches with lower single berry weights in SMPH compared to VSP.