Terroir 2010 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Towards a relationship between institutional clonal selection, mass selection and private clonal selection of grapevine cultivars

Towards a relationship between institutional clonal selection, mass selection and private clonal selection of grapevine cultivars


Each grape cultivar is composed of a population of individuals that are genetically different. Clonal selection has allowed the purification and improvement of the global quality of the vegetative material for a limited number of grape varieties. But choosing clonal selection as the unique propagation method has decreased considerably genetic diversity. In order to carry out the selection of clones in the future, a diversified background of genetic resources must be available. Institutional collections (conservatory) are not able to preserve sufficient biodiversity. Genetic resources could be conserved by winegrowers through mass selection. 5% of the total acreage planted in vine in Europe done by private mass selection would represent 1000 times the actual capacity of institutional collections. A methodology of private mass or clonal selection is proposed. An economic study shows that the overall extra-charge is 13000€ per hectare for mass selection plot and 69000 € per hectare for a clonal selection done by a private company. It is urgent to promote private selection in order to preserve vine biodiversity.


Publication date: December 3, 2021

Issue: Terroir 2010

Type: Article


Roby J.P., de Resseguier L. and van Leeuwen C.

ENITA de Bordeaux – UMR EGFV – ISVV
1 Cours de Général de Gaulle, CS 40201, 33175 Gradignan cedex, France

Contact the author


vine, genetic resources, clonal selection, mass selection, biodiversity


IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2010


Related articles…

Physiological and growth reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt to row orientation and soil water status

Advanced knowledge on grapevine row orientation is required to improve establishment, management and outcomes of vineyards on terroirs with different environmental conditions (climate, soil, topography) and in view of a future change to more extreme climatic conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the combined effect of row orientation, plant water status and ripeness level on the physiological and viticultural reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt.

Effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California

San Joaquin Valley accounts for 40% of wine grape acreage and produces 70% of wine grape in California. Fruit quality is one of most important factors which impact the economical sustainability of farming wine grapes in this region. Due to the recent drought and expected labor cost increase, the wine industry is thrilled to understand how to improve fruit quality while maintaining the yield with less water and labor input. The present study aims to study the interactive effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on yield and berry compositions of Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California.

The effects of cane girdling on berry texture properties and the concentration of some aroma compounds in three table grape cultivars

The marketability of the table grapes is highly influenced by the consumer demand; therefore the market value of the table grapes is mainly characterized by its berry size, colour, taste and texture. Girdling could cause accumulation of several components in plants above the ringing of the phloem including clusters and resulting improved maturity. The aim of the experiments was to examine the effect of girdling on berry texture characteristics and aroma concentration.

Application of a fluorescence-based method to evaluate the ripening process and quality of Pinot Blanc grape

The chemical composition of grape berries at harvest is one of the most important factors that should be considered to produce high quality wines. Among the different chemical classes which characterize the grape juice, the polyphenolic compound, such as flavonoids, contribute to the final taste and color of wines. Recently, an innovative non-destructive method, based on chlorophyll fluorescence, was developed to estimate the phenolic maturity of red grape varieties through the evaluation of anthocyanins accumulated in the berry skin. To date, only few data are available about the application of this method on white grape varieties.

Different yield regulation strategies in semi-minimal-pruned hedge (SMPH) and impact on bunch architecture

Yields in the novel viticulture training system Semi-Minimal-Pruned Hedge (SMPH) are generally higher compared to the traditional Vertical Shoot Positioning (VSP). Excessive yields have a negative impact on the vine and wine quality, which can result in substantial losses in yield in subsequent vintages (alternate bearing) or penalties in fruit quality. Therefore yield regulation is essential. The bunch architecture in SMPH differs from VSP. Generally there is a higher amount but smaller bunches with lower single berry weights in SMPH compared to VSP.