A statistical model of sugar potential for Mourvèdre grapevine cultivar has been obtained using a group of 32 plots all around de south-east french mediterranean area. It is aimed to better understand the relations between viticultural practices and quality. The model shows strong influence of the temperature components on maturity. That is why a mapping valorization has been worked on at the local scale of a small viticultural region (2000 ha) and for the year 2005. The interpolation of temperature data was possible thanks to the MITEF method, which is acurate at a resolution of 50m. Rebuilding phenological stages has been done with a model using temperature summing adapted to Mourvèdre cv.. With moderate level of yield and canopy, the sugar potential for 2005 ranged from 11 to 14 %vol. depending on the location. With a maturity level of 12% vol. given as a minimal, it is thus possible to determine favourable and less favourable areas for the variety. Finally, turning up or down the level of yield or canopy gives us simulations of the impact of the grower practices on maturity potential, leading to an extent or a reduction of the possible planting area.
Authors: CLAVERIE M. (1), SIVADON I. (2), GARCIA DE CORTAZAR-ATAURI I. (3), ICOLE H. (4)
(1) Institut Français de la Vigne et du Vin (ENTAV-ITV France), Station régionale Rhône-Méditerranée, Domaine de Donadille, Rodilhan, France
(2) Centre d’Information Régional Agrométéorologique (CIRAME), 775 chemin de l’Hermitage, Hameau de Serres, Carpentras, France
(3) Equipe Bioflux, CEFE-CNRS, route de Mende, Montpellier, France
(4) Cave coopérative de Cairanne, route de Bollène, Cairanne, France
Keywords: vine, Mourvèdre variety, maturity, zoning, temperature interpolation