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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Natural variability and vine-growers behaviour

Natural variability and vine-growers behaviour

Abstract

[English version below]

Le vigneron est confronté à une variabilité naturelle omniprésente, liée au millésime et aux facteurs pédoclimatiques. Depuis 10 ans, en Champagne, la relation qu’entretient le vigneron avec l’espace a évolué. Les exemples d’entreprises collectives à vocation territoriale se sont multipliés : gestion de l’hydraulique viticole, maillages de groupements de conseil viticole (Magister), sites en confusion sexuelle, réseau maturation, analyses de sols par secteur, … Parallèlement, au niveau technique, des travaux de caractérisation du milieu naturel ont été initiés début 1990 en Champagne. Un réseau de stations climatiques a été mis en place, des cartographies de sols ont été dressées, et un réseau de parcelles expérimentales long terme est en cours d’implantation, pour mettre en relation les données du milieu naturel avec les caractéristiques des raisins et du vin. Des cartes conseil à 1/25 000 ont été établies : aléas de glissements de terrain, d’érosion, carte d’adaptation des porte-greffes ou d’aptitude à l’enherbement.

Par le biais du suivi de vignerons sur des sites pilotes, et des autodiagnostics de l’exploitation, réalisés dans le cadre de la viticulture raisonnée, on peut considérer les travaux de cartographie comme de réels supports de discussion et de progrès dans le choix des itinéraires culturaux. Reste désormais à valoriser les bases de données caractérisant le milieu naturel et les observations viticoles pour optimiser le choix de sites d’études représentatifs, extrapoler les résultats obtenus auprès des viticulteurs, et affiner une aide à la décision régionalisée.

In relation with natural environment, the vine-grower faces omnipresent natural variability, linked with year and pedoclimatic conditions. Since 10 years, in Champagne, the relation of the winegrower facing space has changed. Examples of collective actions with territorial purpose have increased: viticultural hydraulic management, network of advice viticultural groups, sectors with mating disruption, soil analysis by areas. Concurrently, at a technical level, studies on characterization of the natural factors began in 1990 in the Champagne vineyard: a network of weather stations was installed, soils were mapped, and longtime experimental network of plots is established, to study the relation between natural factors, vine and wine.

Based on these data, advice maps at the scale of 1/25 000 were established. It results from the following up of vine-growers that they consider cartographic studies as real tools to discuss and to make their vine-growing practices progress. The valorization of the data base, coming from the characterization of natural factors and viticultural observations remains, to better choice where to put experimental plots, and to help the vine-growers in their local choices.

DOI:

Publication date: February 15, 2022

Issue: Terroir 2002

Type: Article

Authors

L. PANIGAI, A-F. DOLÉDEC, F. LANGELLIER, D. MONCOMBLE

Comité Interprofessionnel du Vin de Champagne (CIVC)
5 rue Henri Martin, 51200 EPERNAY (France)

Keywords

vignoble champenois, terroir, gestion collective, cartographie
Champagne vineyard, terroir, collective actions, mapping

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2002

Citation

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