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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Use of the stics crop model as a tool to inform vineyard zonages

Use of the stics crop model as a tool to inform vineyard zonages

Abstract

[English version below]

STICS est un modèle de culture développé à l’INRA (France) depuis 1996. Il simule les bilans de carbone, d’eau et d’azote dans le système culture-sol, piloté par des données climatiques journaliéres. Il calcule à la fois des variables agricoles (rendement en quantité et qualité) et environnementales (pertes en eau et en azote). Une des originalités de STICS est son adaptabilité à de nombreuses cultures (herbacées, ligneuses, annuelles, pérennes) rendue possible par le choix de paramètres génériques et d’options de formalismes. Le travail présenté traite, dans un premier temps, des spécificités de STICS pour la vigne en terme de bilan trophique, de fonctionnement énergétique et hydrique et d’estimation des teneurs en sucre en en eau du raisin. Nous montrons ensuite diverses sorties du modèle qui permettent de caractériser des terroirs du vignoble des Côtes du Rhône.

STICS is a crop model developed at INRA (France) since 1996. It simulates the carbon, water and nitrogen balances of the crop-soil system driven by daily climatic data. It calculates both agricultural variables (yield in terms of quantity and quality) and environmental variables (water and nitrogen losses). One of the key elements of STICS is its adaptability to various crops (herbaceous, ligneous, annuals, perennials) made possible by the choice of generic parameters and options for both crop physiology and crop techniques. The present work deals first with the particularity of STICS to simulate vineyard in terms of trophic balance, energetic and water functioning and assessment of sugar and water contents of grape. Second it shows the various outputs which can be calculated by the model in order to characterize typical Côtes du Rhône zones.

DOI:

Publication date: February 15, 2022

Issue: Terroir 2002

Type: Article

Authors

N. BRISSON (1); J.P. GAUDILLERE (2); J.P. RAMEL (3); E. VAUDOUR (4)

(1) INRA Centre d’Avignon, Site d’Agroparc, domaine St Paul, 84914 Avignon
(2) INRA Centre de Bordeaux, 71, avenue Edouard Bourleaux, 33883 Villenave d’Ornon
(3) CIRAME Hameau de Serres, 84 200 Carpentras
(4) INA-PG Centre de Grignon 78850 ThivervaI Grignon

Keywords

modèle de culture, vigne, rendement, teneur en sucre, précocité, vigueur
crop model, vine, yield, sugar content, earliness, vigour

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2002

Citation

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