terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Geospatial trends of bioclimatic indexes in the topographically complex region of Barolo DOCG

Geospatial trends of bioclimatic indexes in the topographically complex region of Barolo DOCG


Barolo DOCG is an economically important wine producing region in Northwest Italy. It is a small region of approximately 70 km2 gross area. The topography is very complex with steep sloped hills ranging in elevation from below 200 m to 550 m. Barolo DOCG wine is made exclusively from the Nebbiolo grape. Bioclimatic indexes are often used in viticulture to gain a better understanding of broader climate trends which can be compared temporally and geographically. These indexes are also used for identifying potential phenological timing, growing region suitability, and potential risks associated with expected climatic changes. Understanding how topography influences bioclimatic indexes can help with understanding of mesoscale climate behaviour leading to improved decision making and risk management strategies. The average monthly maximum and minimum temperatures, the Cool Night Index, the Huglin Index, and the monthly diurnal range (from July to October) were calculated using data from 45 weather stations within a 40 km radius of the Barolo DOCG growing area between the years 1996 and 2019. Linear and multiple regression models were developed using independent variables (elevation, aspect, slope) extracted from a digital elevation model to identify significant relationships. Bioclimatic indexes were then kriged with external drift using independent variables that showed significant relationships with the bioclimatic index using a 100 m resolution grid. The maximum monthly temperatures and the Huglin Index showed consistent significant negative relationships with elevation in all years. The minimum monthly temperatures showed no relationship with elevation but in some months a small but significant relationship was observed with aspect. Due to the lack of a relationship between minimum monthly temperatures and elevation compared to the significant relationship between maximum monthly temperatures and elevation, monthly diurnal range had a negative relationship with elevation.


Publication date: May 4, 2022

Issue: Terclim 2022

Type: Article


Alena Wilson, Silvia Guidoni and Vittorino Novello

Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences, Università degli Studi di Torino, Grugliasco, Italy

Contact the author


 Nebbiolo, vineyard, terroir zoning, diurnal range, kriging


IVES Conference Series | Terclim 2022


Related articles…

Organic and biodynamic viticulture affect soil quality and soil microbial diversity

The production of organically grown crops developed exponentially in the last few decades based on consumer demands for healthy food

Long-term sensorial and compositional effects of copper fining on the wine containing ‘reductive’ and ‘tropical’ volatile sulfur compounds

The aim of this study was to investigate long-term sensorial and compositional effects of copper addition to the white wine naturally high in varietal thiol levels, with added volatile sulfur compounds

Storia del prosecco e del suo territorio di produzione: un percorso di studi in continuo progresso

Nella realtà viticola Italiana il Prosecco è uno degli esempi più evidenti di un percorso storico che ha saputo valorizzare lo stretto legame tra vitigno e territorio d’origine.


Grappa is a traditional Italian alcoholic beverage, with an alcohol content generally between 40-60% vol., obtained from the distillation of grape pomace used for the production of wine. Grappa are often aged in wooden barrels. There are various types of grappa: young, aromatic, aged, extra-aged depending on whether the distillate comes from aromatic vines or is aged in wooden barrels for shorter or longer periods. There is also flavored grappa if herbs, fruit or roots are added. All this makes it an extremely heterogeneous product both from an organoleptic and compositional point of view.

Vine field monitoring using high resolution remote sensing images: segmentation and characterization of rows of vines

A new framework for the segmentation and characterization of row crops on remote sensing images has been developed and validated for vineyard monitoring. This framework operates on any high-resolution remote sensing images since it is mainly based on geometric information. It aims at obtaining maps describing the variation of a vegetation index such as NDVI along each row of a parcel.