IVAS 2022 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 IVAS 9 IVAS 2022 9 A new chemiluminescence method related to molecules derived from Botrytis cinerea for characterization of Aszu wines from Tokaj, from Hungary

A new chemiluminescence method related to molecules derived from Botrytis cinerea for characterization of Aszu wines from Tokaj, from Hungary

Abstract

For the chemical characterization of Aszu wines from Tokaj region our aim is to develop a biochemical method which is related to Botrytis cinerea. As in these wines there are continuously present small amounts of Cytochrome C enzyme derived from apoptotic cells infected with Botrytis (1), and H2O2 produced during the oxidation of alcohols by Botrytis (2), and their oxidative interaction can produce reactive “ferril-peroxide complexes  inducing chemiluminescence (photon emission) (3), the  principle of method is as follows: the capability of various Aszu wines is measured by luminometer how they can stimulate the production of chemiluminescence of basal biochemical reaction (Cytochrome C + H2O2) compared to a standard solution of „artificial furmint”. The size of stimulation is expressed numerically by „Index of Stimulation” (I.S.). Based on a great number of measurements evaluated by statistical methods we created three categories for the quality of Aszu wines from the aspect of Botrytis effects valid for given laboratory condition. „Tokaj Aszu of poor quality”: I. S. < 2,79„Tokaj Aszu of outstanding quality”: I.S. = 2,80-3,54„Tokaj Aszu of excellent quality”: S.I. > 3,55 These categories correlate well with other factors of Aszu quality (aroma, flavour, smell) but do not cover them totally.  The I.S. values of Aszu wines show a significantly positive correlation with the concentrations of gluconic acid (p

DOI:

Publication date: June 23, 2022

Issue: IVAS 2022

Type: Article

Authors

Sándor Sipka1, NagyAndrea1, Csősz Éva2 and Baráth Sándor1

1Division of Clinical Immunology University of Debrecen, Móricz Zs. Str. 22. 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology University of Debrecen, Hungary

Contact the author

Keywords

chemiluminescence assay, Botrytis cinerea, Aszu of Tokaj, Cytochrome C, hydrogen peroxide

Tags

IVAS 2022 | IVES Conference Series

Citation

Related articles…

Intra-block variations of vine water status in time and space

Vine water status was measured on 96 plots of three vines inside a vineyard block of 0.28 ha during three years: 2003, 2004 and 2005. Three physiological indicators were implemented: stem water potential, carbon isotope discrimination measured on grape sugars at ripeness (δ13C) and canopy temperature measured by high resolution remote sensing. For stem water potential, measurements were taken on every single vine of each plot.

Merano Wine Festival 2020

IVES was a partner of the Merano Wine Festival (innovation section), a digital event held from 6 to 10 November 2020. During this festival participants attended scientific conferences on cutting-edge topics for the wine industry. Some of the topics covered have been selected from our journals

Aroma characterization of mold resistant base wines for sparkling wine produced in a warm-temperate area at two different altitudes

In a recent context where consumers pay an increasing attention to sustainability and eco-friendly aspects in the decision-making process, the use of the resistant varieties in the wine sector have returned to the attention. In this context, the use of mould-resistant grape varieties would be an opportunity for sparkling wine producers as it can reduced the pesticide utilization in grape management and hence production costs.
However, the use of the resistant varieties to produce the base wine may be strongly influenced due to its requirements for a particular balance between sugars and acidity to ensure the quality of the final product. In addition, the aromatic profile of base wine plays a crucial role in the perception of the quality of the sparkling wine.

Effect of one-year cover crop and arbuscular mycorrhiza inocululation in the microbial soil community of a vineyard

The microbial composition of the soil is an important factor to consider in viticulture, since its influence on the “terroir” and on the organoleptic properties of the wine have been demonstrated. Different agronomic techniques have the potential to modify the composition and functionality of the soil microbial community. Maintaining green covers is known to increase soil microbial diversity. The direct application of inoculum of beneficial microorganisms to the soil has also been used to increase their abundance. However, the environmental conditions of each site seem to have a determining weight in the result of these practices. In this study, we compared the effect on the microbial community of a cover crop with legumes in autumn and the inoculation of grapevines with commercial inoculum bases on Rhizophagus irregularis and Funeliformis mosseae in the previous spring. The study has been carried out in a vineyard in Binissalem, Mallorca, Spain. After applying the treatments, we will analyze the soil microbial communities using the data obtained from Illumina amplification of soil DNA from the 16S and ITS regions to analyze bacteria and fungi community, respectively. In addition, we will record the physicochemical characteristics of the soil at each sampling point. The result showed that agronomic management, in the short term, has less influence than soil characteristics on the composition of the soil microbiome. With these results, we can conclude that in a vineyard, agricultural techniques should focus on improving the characteristics of the soil to improve the biodiversity of the soil microbiota.

Simultaneous monitoring of dissolved CO2 and collar from Rosé sparkling wine glasses: the impact of yeast macromolecules

Champagne or sparkling wines elaborated through the same traditional method, which consists in two major yeast-fermented steps, typically hold about 10 to 12 g/L of dissolved CO2 after the second fermentation in a closed bottle. Hundreds of molecules and macromolecules originating from grape and yeast cohabit with dissolved CO2; they are essential compounds contributing to many organoleptic characteristics (effervescence, foam, aroma, taste, colour…). Indeed, the second alcoholic fermentation and the maturation on lees (which may last from 12 months up to several years) both induce various quantitative and qualitative changes in the wine through the action of yeast, as listed hereafter: development of aromas during aging on lees, release of nitrogen compounds during autolysis and release of macromolecules (polysaccharides, lipids, nucleic acids) in wine.