terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 International Congress on Grapevine and Wine Sciences 9 2ICGWS-2023 9 Identification of important genomic regions controlling resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses in Vitis sp. through QTL meta-analysis

Identification of important genomic regions controlling resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses in Vitis sp. through QTL meta-analysis


In the context of global change, the environmental conditions are expected to be more stressful for viticulture. The choice of the rootstock may play a crucial role to improve the adaptation of viticulture to new biotic and abiotic threats (Ollat et al., 2016). However, the selection of interesting traits in rootstock breeding programs is complex because of the combination of multiple targets in a same ideotype. In this sense, the integration of studies about the genetic architecture for desired biotic and abiotic response traits allow us to identify genomic regions to combine and those with interesting pleiotropic effects. In this work we aimed to study the genetic determinism of several traits related to disease resistance and tolerance to abiotic stresses in Vitis sp. with a potential interest to be used as grapevine rootstocks. For this purpose, 30 genetic maps and QTL mapping data, available in the literature, were collected and combined with unpublished QTL for root traits obtained at EGFV lab. This information was used to construct a dense consensus genetic map of Vitis sp.. Then, a QTL meta-analysis was conducted using the software Biomercator. The obtained consensus genetic map, comprising information from different Vitis sp. is a useful genetic resource for translational genetics. In addition, the identified meta-QTLs, that combined information from independent studies, allowed to reduce QTL confidence intervals, notably for tolerance to abiotic stress traits. These results, highlight the interest of QTL meta-analysis to narrow-down the position of loci controlling desired traits for rootstock breeding programs, as previously proved for scions (Delfino et al., 2019).


Ollat N. et al. (2016) Grapevine rootstocks: Origins and perspectives. Acta Horticulturae, 1136: 11-22. 10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1136.2
Delfino, P. (2019) Selection of candidate genes controlling veraison time in grapevine through integration of meta-QTL and transcriptomic data. BMC Genomics, 20:1. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-019-6124-0


Publication date: October 6, 2023

Issue: ICGWS 2023

Type: Poster


Elsa Chedid1*, Pierre Gastou2, Jean-Pascal Tandonnet1, Philippe Vivin1, Sarah Cookson1, Pierre-François Bert1, Nathalie Ollat1, Elisa Marguerit1, Marina de Miguel1

1 EGFV, Univ. Bordeaux, Bordeaux Sciences Agro, INRAE, ISVV, 33882 Villenave d’Ornon, France
2 UMR SAVE, INRAE, BSA, ISVV, 33882 Villenave d’Ornon, France

Contact the author*


biotic stress, abiotic stress, meta-analysis, QTL, Vitis sp


2ICGWS | ICGWS | ICGWS 2023 | IVES Conference Series


Related articles…

Influence of polysaccharide extracts from wine by-products on the volatile composition of sparkling white wines

In the production of sparkling wines, during the second fermentation, mannoproteins are released by yeast autolysis, which affect the quality of the wines. The effect of mannoproteins has been extensively studied, and may affect aroma and foam quality. However, there are no studies on the effect of other polysaccharides such as those from grapes. Considering the large production of waste from the wine industry, it was proposed to obtain polysaccharide-rich extracts from some of these by-products[1].

Yeast mannoprotein characterization and their effect on Oenococcus oeni and malolactic fermentation

Mannoproteins are released at the end of alcoholic fermentation due to yeast autolysis [1]. It has been described a positive effect of these molecules on lactic acid bacteria growth [2]. The main objective of this work was the characterization of different mannoproteins extracted from active dry yeast (ADY) and the assessment of their effect on Oenococcus oeni and malolactic fermentation (MLF).

Assessing the Effectiveness of Electrodialysis in Controlling Brettanomyces Growth in Wine

Brettanomyces yeast can negatively impact the quality and stability of wines, posing a significant challenge to winemakers. [1] This study aims to develop novel management practices to limit Brettanomyces impact on wines by evaluating the effectiveness of electrodialysis (ED) technology in removing magnesium (Mg2+) from wine to prevent the development of Brettanomyces yeast. The ED technique utilizes charged membranes to extract ions from the wine, and it is considered an alternative to cold stabilization that requires less energy. [2]

Evaluation of Furmint clones in the Tokaj Wine Region

The ’Furmint’ is the most important grape variety in the Tokaj Wine Region, constituting around 65% of its vineyard area. Before the phylloxera disease many types were grown, but as selection started in the 20th century, its diversity dramatically narrowed. As a result, the cultivation of Furmint was based mainly on two heavy-cropping clones, T.85 and T.92 at the end of the ’80s. Aims of present clone research take into account that after solely quantity as target, quality emerged in the 1990’s and most recently, typicity appeared as more private estates began their own selection program.

The colour pattern of flower arrangements influence wine tasters’ sensory description

The arrangements of flowers and wine counterparts are inextricably linked. Whether a fundamental aspect of tablescaping or acolytes to broader entertainment rituals, they have an entangled history since ancient times. The aim of this contribution is to verify the influence of visually delicate and robust flower arrangements on individual description of wines. Changes in the sensory description of wines were investigated during subjects’ (thirty-two participants) exposure to three different conditions: the presence of delicate, robust, or totally absent flower arrangements.