terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 International Congress on Grapevine and Wine Sciences 9 2ICGWS-2023 9 Adsorption of tetraconazole by organic residues and vineyard organically-amended soils 

Adsorption of tetraconazole by organic residues and vineyard organically-amended soils 

Abstract

Spain is the country with the largest wine-producing area in the EU and its productivity is largely controlled applying fungicides. However, residues of these compounds can move and contaminate surface and groundwater. The objective of this work was to evaluate the capacity of bioadsorbents from different origin to adsorb and immobilize tetraconazole by themselves or when applied as organic soil amendment, and to prevent soil and water contamination by this fungicide. The adsorption of tetraconazole by 3 organic residues: spent mushroom substrate (SMS), green compost (GC) and vine pruning sawdust (VP), as well as by vineyard soils unamended and amended individually with these residues at 1.5% (w/w) was evaluated using the batch equilibrium technique. Two vineyard soils from La Rioja were selected (S1-sandy loam, 0.26% OC; and S2-clay loam, 0.69% OC). Freundlich Kf adsorption constants of tetraconazole (3.6-19.2) by unamended and amended soils increased in the order: S1 < S2 < S2+GC < S2+VP < S1+VP ≈ S1+GC < S2+SMS < S1+SMS; and for the residues in the order: GC < VP < SMS. The Kf values of amended soils, especially for SMS-amended soils, were higher than those of unamended soils, due to their higher OC content. The application of organic residues to S1 soil increased its Kf value between 3.7-5.4 times, and that of S2 soil up to 2.7 times. However, the Kf values of S1 soil amended with the different organic residues were higher than those of amended S2 soils, despite their lower OC content. Therefore, physicochemical characteristics of soils different from OC (pH, carbonates, clay content, etc.) may also play an important role on the adsorption of tetraconazole by amended soils as observed for other fungicides.

Acknowledgements: We give thanks to Project TED2021-129962B-C41, funded by MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033/ and the European Union (NextGenerationEU/PRTR).

DOI:

Publication date: October 9, 2023

Issue: ICGWS 2023

Type: Poster

Authors

Asier Barrio1, M. Soledad Andrades2, M. Sonia Rodríguez-Cruz1, Jesús M. Marín-Benito1*

Institute of Natural Resources and Agrobiology of Salamanca (IRNASA, CSIC), Cordel de Merinas 40-52, 37008 Salamanca, Spain.
2 Agriculture and Food Department, University of La Rioja, Madre de Dios 51, 26006 Logroño, Spain.

Contact the author*

Keywords

adsorption, fungicide, vineyard soil, conservation, organic amendment

Tags

2ICGWS | ICGWS | ICGWS 2023 | IVES Conference Series

Citation

Related articles…

Biodiversity and biocontrol ability of Trichoderma natural populations in soil vineyards from Castilla y León region (Spain)

Trichoderma is a microorganism present in many agricultural soils and some of its species could be used as natural biological control agents. In this work, the presence of natural populations of Trichoderma was estimated in soil vineyard and its biocontrol capacity against Phaeoacremonium minimum, one of the main agent causals of grapevine trunk diseases instead of using pesticides. Moreover, physicochemical variables in soil such as pH, organic matter and nutrients were evaluated to determine a possible correlation to natural populations of Trichoderma.

Drought tolerance assessment and differentiation of grapevine cultivars using physiological metrics: insights from field studies

This study aimed to validate a protocol and compare metrics for evaluating drought tolerance in two Vitis vinifera grapevine cultivars under field conditions. Various metrics were calculated to represent the physiological responses of plants to progressive water deficit. Data were collected from Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay plants subjected to three irrigation levels during the 2022-2023 season, along with data from three previous seasons. Hydro-escape areas were used to assess the plant’s ability to reduce water potential with decreasing soil water availability.

Possible methods of adaptation to the effects of climate change in the Tokaj Wine Region 

Viticulture’s adaptation to the harmful effects of climate change is globally the biggest challenge of the near future. Short, extremely intensive rainfalls and longer periods of drought are getting more frequent in the Tokaj Wine Region, where the majority of the vineyards are cultivated on steep slopes. Hence, erosion has high risk, especially when combined with the loess-based soils on about ten percent of the region. The environmentally beneficial cover crop and mulch usage can effectively reduce the risk of erosion, according to research done by the Tokaj Wine Region Research Institute of Viticulture and Oenology.

New tool to evaluate color modifications during oxygen consumption in white and red wines

Measuring the effect of oxygen consumption on the color of wines as the level of dissolved oxygen decreases over time is very useful to know how much oxygen a wine can consume without significantly altering its color. The changes produced in wine after being exposed to high oxygen concentrations have been studied by different authors, but in all cases the wine has been analyzed once the oxygen consumption process has been completed. This work presents the results obtained with the use of an equipment designed and made to measure simultaneously the level of dissolved oxygen and the spectrum of the wine, during the oxygen consumption process from saturation levels with air to very low levels, which indicate the total consumption of the dosed oxygen[1,2].

Study of Spanish wine sensory analysis data over a 3-year period

This study presents an investigation based on sensory analysis data of Spanish wines with geographical indications collected over a three-year period. Sensory analysis plays a crucial role in assessing the quality, characteristics, and perception of wines. The trained tasting panel at Dolmar Laboratory, accredited for objective sensory evaluation of wines since 2016, has been tasting over 5000 wines. However, it is since 2021, when a computer application for tastings was developed, that the digitalization of data allows for detailed statistical analysis of the results.