terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 International Congress on Grapevine and Wine Sciences 9 2ICGWS-2023 9 Effect of two water deficit regimes on the agronomic response of 12 grapevine varieties cultivated in a semi-arid climate

Effect of two water deficit regimes on the agronomic response of 12 grapevine varieties cultivated in a semi-arid climate


The Mediterranean basin is one of the most vulnerable regions to Climate Change effects. According to unanimous forecasts, the vineyards of Castilla-La Mancha will be among the most adversely affected by rising temperatures and water scarcity during the vine’s vegetative period. One potential strategy to mitigate the negative impacts of these changes involves the identification of grapevine varieties with superior water use efficiency, while ensuring satisfactory yields and grape quality. In this work, the agronomic performance and water use efficiency of 12 grapevine varieties, including international ones, were studied under two water regimes over three consecutive growing seasons (2017, 2018 and 2019): an irrigated treatment at 25% of ETo (watered), and a rain-fed water regime (drought). Results showed significant effects of irrigation and vine variety on carbon isotope ratio (δ13C), yield components and total acidity. Airén and Malvar exhibited the highest water use efficiency in both treatments, although they showed diminished grape quality and reduced yields under drought. In contrast, certain varieties like Moscatel de Grano Menudo and Petit Verdot produced high-quality musts but demonstrated lower resilience to drought, resulting in decreased yields and δ13C values. Macabeo, Chardonnay, Bobal and Garnacha Tintorera responded well to drought, maintaining high yields and must quality. This study allowed the identification of grapevine varieties with varying levels of drought tolerance, providing valuable information for selecting the most suitable candidates for future cultivation in semi-arid regions. 

Acknowledgements: This work was supported by PID2019-105362RB-100, SBPLY/21/180501/000144 and UCLM intramural grants and EU FEDER funds.


Publication date: October 25, 2023

Issue: ICGWS 2023

Type: Poster


A. Mena-Morales1*, J. Martínez-Gascueña1, J.L. Chacón-Vozmediano1, A.S. Serrano1,2, A. Martín-Forero 3, M. Mena3

1Regional Institute of Agri-Food and Forestry Research and Development of Castilla-La Mancha (IRIAF), IVICAM, Ctra. Toledo-Albacete s/n, 13700 Tomelloso (Ciudad Real), Spain.
2Department of Agricultural Chemistry, School of Agricultural and Forestry Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Avda. De España s/n, 02071 Albacete, Spain.
3Faculty of Environmental and Biochemistry Sciences, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Avda. Carlos III, s/n, Technological Campus of the Arms Factory, 45071 Toledo, Spain.

Contact the author*


varieties, water use efficiency, carbon isotope ratio, yield, must quality


2ICGWS | ICGWS | ICGWS 2023 | IVES Conference Series


Related articles…

Identification of several glycosidic aroma precursors in six varieties of winemaking grapes and assessment of their aroma potential by acid hydrolysis

In winemaking grapes, it is known that most aroma compounds are present as non-volatile precursors, such as glycosidic precursors. In fact, there is strong evidence supporting the connection between the content of aroma precursors and the aromatic quality of wine [1]. Acid hydrolysis is preferred to reveal the aroma potential of winemaking grapes, as it predicts more accurately the chemical rearrangements occurring during fermentation in acidic environments [2]. In this study, a method involving a fast fermentation followed by acid hydrolysis at 75ºC was used to evaluate the accumulation of aroma compounds over time in fractions obtained from six different varieties of winemaking grapes.

Phenolic composition of Cabernet Sauvignon wines from Argentina, Portugal and Spain

Grape and wine phenolic compounds have been shown to be highly related to both wine quality (color, flavor, and taste) and health-promoting properties (antioxidant and cardioprotective, among others). The aim of this work was to evaluate and compare the phenolic contents of Cabernet Sauvignon wines from different geographical areas and climatic conditions, namely from Argentina, Portugal and Spain vintage 2022. In addition, the phenolic profiles of the Portuguese wines from three vintages (2020, 2021, 2022) was compared.

“Compost Application in the Vineyard: Effects on Soil Nutrition and Compaction”

The mechanization of pruning and harvesting in vineyards has increased the risk of soil compaction. To reclaim soil properties or avoid this degradation process, it is crucial to properly manage the soil organic matter, and the application of compost derived from the vines themselves is a strategy to achieve this. The objective of this study was to evaluate the properties of soil treated with different doses of compost applied both on the vine row and the inter rows of a Vitis vinifera crop.

Foliar application of urea improved the nitrogen composition of Chenin grapes

The nitrogen composition of the grapes directly affects the developments of alcoholic fermentation and influences the final aromatic composition of the wines. The aim of this study was to determine the effect and efficiency of foliar applications of urea on the nitrogen composition of grapes. This study was carried out during 2023 vintage and in the Chenin vineyard located in Estacion Experimental Mendoza (Argentina). Three urea concentrations 3, 6 and 9 Kg N/ha (C1, C2, and C3, respectively) and control (T) were applied in this vineyard at veraison. In all solutions were added 1ml/l of Tween 80 ® surfactant.

High-throughput sequencing analysis based on nematode indices revealed healthier soils of organic vineyards 

Proper soil health assessments are crucial for sustainable cropland. Among the widely employed approaches, evaluating nematode community structure is particularly suitable. Traditionally, the taxonomic characterization of soil nematodes has relied on time-consuming morphology-based methods requiring experienced experts. However, molecular tools like high-throughput sequencing have emerged as efficient alternatives. In this study, we performed a metataxonomic analysis of soil samples collected from 57 vineyards in the DOCa Rioja region of Northern Spain, focusing on the impact of organic viticulture and cover cropping compared to integrated pest management (IPM) and tilling practices.