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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 International Congress on Grapevine and Wine Sciences 9 2ICGWS-2023 9 Vertical cordon training system enhances yield and delays ripening in cv. Maturana Blanca

Vertical cordon training system enhances yield and delays ripening in cv. Maturana Blanca

Abstract

The growing interest in minority grape varieties is due to their potential for adaptation to global warming and their oenological capabilities. However, the cultivation of these varieties has often been limited due to their low economic efficiency. One such example is Maturana Blanca, a recently recovered and authorized minority grape variety in the DOCa Rioja region, known for its remarkable oenological potential but low productivity. This study aimed to increase the yield of Maturana Blanca by implementing the vertical cordon training system, which allowed for a higher number of buds per plant and an increased cluster count per vine. A comparative analysis was conducted between two training systems, head-trained (HT) and vertical cordon (VC), along with two irrigation regimes, rainfed and irrigation at 30 % of ET0. The results indicated that the training systems had a more significant impact on production and fruit composition compared to the irrigation treatment. Specifically, the VC system increased yield by ranging from 60% to 80% when compared to the HT system. Additionally, the higher productivity observed in the VC vines led to more optimal source-sink ratios, resulting in a tendency toward delayed ripening. This research provides valuable insights into viticultural practices to improve the productivity and quality of minority varieties such as Maturana Blanca and contributes to a broader understanding of sustainable viticulture and biodiversity preservation in the face of climate change. Moreover, our findings have significant implications to promote the cultivation and valorization of this minority grape variety adapted to semi-arid climates as an adaptation measure to counteract the challenges posed by global warming.

Acknowledgments: We would like to thank the winegrowers Pedro Isaac Balda and Pedro José Balda for their willingness to collaborate with us and the ICVV experimental winery laboratory staff.

DOI:

Publication date: October 11, 2023

Issue: ICGWS 2023

Type: Poster

Authors

Miguel Puelles1*, Pedro Balda2, Andreu Mairata1, David Labarga1, Fernando Martínez de Toda1, Alicia Pou1

1Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino (CSIC, Gobierno de la Rioja, Universidad de La Rioja), Finca La Grajera, Ctra. Burgos Km. 6, 26007 Logroño, Spain

2Universidad de La Rioja, c/ Madre de Dios, 51, 26006 Logroño, Spain

Contact the author*

Keywords

source-sink, training system, minority varieties, viticulture, grapevine

Tags

2ICGWS | ICGWS | ICGWS 2023 | IVES Conference Series

Citation

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