terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 A NEW STRATEGY AND METHODOLOGY FOR THE CHARACTERIZATION OF POLYPHENOLS IN FINING PRECIPITATE

A NEW STRATEGY AND METHODOLOGY FOR THE CHARACTERIZATION OF POLYPHENOLS IN FINING PRECIPITATE

Abstract

Polyphenols are secondary metabolite widely distributed in plant kingdom such as in fruits, in grapes and in wine. During the winemaking process, polyphenols are extract from the skin and seed of the berries. Fining is an important winemaking step just before bottling which has an impact on wine stabi-lization and clarification. Most the time, fining agent are animal or vegetal protein while some of them can be synthetic polymer like PVPP or natural origin like bentonite. The aim of this study was better understand colloidals phenomenons involved in fining process and determine how polyphenols content and composition are impact by finning.

Different type and composition of fining agent were used during the investigation on each wine. Some of them were based on animal proteins, vegetal proteins, PVPP or bentonite alone while some mix with PVPP and vegetal proteins, PVPP and animal protein, and a mix with PVPP, vegetal proteins and bentonite were also used. On the wine before and after fining monomeric and total anthocyanins, monomeric, dimeric and total tannins, mDP (mean degree of polymerization), flavonol and phenolic acids content were measured. However in order to determine more precisely the content and composition of polyphenol lost during fining, a new strategy have been develop based on the re-solubilisation of the fining precipitate using some organic solvent.

For these experiments, this new method highlight some drastic differences between fining agents. Indeed, depending of the fining agent the amount and the composition of the polyphenols present in the fining precipitate change. For example, some fining agent don’t remove anthocyanins while some other precipitate mainly the p-coumarolylated anthocyanins. Moreover, important differences are also observed for condensed tannins according to the nature of the fining agent. Indeed, fining agent without PVPP were able to precipitate monomeric or dimeric condensed tannins. Moreover, some fining agent are more selective of oligomeric tannins while some has tendency to precipitate tannins with higher mDP.

This new methodology allow a more precise and clear identification of the polyphenol precipitated by fining agent and will help to better understand impact of the fining the organoleptic properties of the wine. Similarly, a better characterization of the fining precipitate will also help better understanding the colloidal structure of the wine.

DOI:

Publication date: February 9, 2024

Issue: OENO Macrowine 2023

Type: Article

Authors

Gauthier Lagarde¹, Manon ferreira¹, Sandra Vanbrabant¹, Soizic Lacampagne¹, Arnaud Massot², Virginie Moine², Pierre-Louis Teissedre¹ and Michael Jourdes*,1

1. Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux INP, Bordeaux Sciences Agro, UMR 1366 OENOLOGIE, ISVV, 33140 – Villenave d’Ornon
2. Biolaffort, 11 Rue Aristide Berges, 33270 Floirac, Gironde, France

Contact the author*

Keywords

Fining, Precipitate, Condensed tannins, Anthocyanin

Tags

IVES Conference Series | oeno macrowine 2023 | oeno-macrowine

Citation

Related articles…

HYBRID GRAPEVINE CV BACO BLANC, BETWEEN TRADITION AND MODERNISM: FOCUS ON ENDOGENOUS EUGENOL AS RESISTANCE FACTOR TO BOTRYTIS CINEREA

The well-known antifungal and antibiotic molecule, eugenol, is widely spread in various plants including clove, basil and bay. It is also abundant in the hybrid grapevine cultivar (cv) Baco blanc (Vitis vi-nifera x Vitis riparia x Vitis labrusca), created by François Baco (19th century) in the Armagnac region. This study confirmed this cv as highly resistant to Botrytis cinerea by comparing fruit rot incidence and severity with two Vitis vinifera cultivars: Folle Blanche and Ugni Blanc. We have demonstrated the efficiency of eugenol in vitro, by further investigating the effect of small concentrations of eugenol, 3 to 4 ppm (corresponding to IC10), on B. cinerea. By comparing the two major modes of action (direct or volatile antibiosis), the vapour inhibiting effect of eugenol was more powerful. In the skin of Baco blanc berry, the total eugenol concentration reached a maximum at veraison, i.e. 1118 to 1478 μg/kg.

PERCEPTUAL INTERACTIONS PHENOMENA INVOLVING VARIOUS VOLATILE COMPOUND FAMILIES LINKED TO SOME FRUITY NOTES IN BORDEAUX RED WINES

Fruity notes play a key role in the consumer’s appreciation of Bordeaux red wines. If literature provides a lot of knowledge about the nature of volatile compounds involved in this fruity expression, the sensory phenomena involving these compounds in mixture still need to be explored. Considering previous sensory works about the impact of esters and some overripening compounds, the goal of this work was to study the implication of perceptual interactions involving red wine odorant compounds of diverse origins and described as potentially affecting fruity aromatic expression.

IMPACT OF ABIOTIC AND BIOTIC FACTORS ON BIOADHESION PROPERTIES OF BRETTANOMYCES BRUXELLENSIS

Brettanomyces bruxellensis is an ubiquitous yeast associated with different fermentation media such as beer and kombucha, where its presence is beneficial to bring an aromatic typicity. However, it is a main spoilage yeast in wines, in which it produces volatile phenols responsible for organoleptic deviations causing significant economic losses (Chatonnet et al., 1992). Cellar and winery equipment’s are considered as the first source of contamination, during fermentation and wine ageing process (Connel et al., 2002). Indeed, it is possible to find B. bruxellensis in the air, on walls and floors of the cellars, on small materials, vats and barrels.

FACTORS AFFECTING QUERCETIN SOLUBILITY IN SANGIOVESE RED WINE: FIRST RESULTS

Quercetin (Q) is present in grape in form of glycosides and as aglycone. These compounds are extracted from grape skins during winemaking. In wines, following the hydrolysis reactions, the amount of quercetin aglycon can exceed its solubility value. Unfortunately, a threshold solubility concentration for quercetin in wine is not easy to determine because it depends on wine matrix (Gambuti et al., 2020).

FERMENTATION POTENTIAL OF INDIGENOUS NON-SACCHAROMYCES YEASTS ISOLATED FROM MARAŠTINA GRAPES OF CROATIAN VINEYARDS

The interest in indigenous non-Saccharomyces yeast for use in wine production has increased in recent years because they contribute to the complex character of the wine. The aim of this work was to investigate the fermentation products of ten indigenous strains selected from a collection of native yeasts established at the Institute for Adriatic Crops and Karst Reclamation in 2021, previously isolated from Croatian Maraština grapes, belonging to Hypopichia pseudoburtonii, Metschnikowia pulcherrima, Metschnikowia sinensis, Metschnikowia chrysoperlae, Lachancea thermotolerans, Pichia kluyveri, Hanseniaspora uvarum, Hanseniaspora guillermondii, Hanseniaspora pseudoguillermondii, and Starmerella apicola species, and compare it with commercial non-Saccharomyces and Saccharomyces strains.