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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 YEAST LEES OBTAINED AFTER STARMERELLA BACILLARIS FERMENTATION AS A SOURCE OF POTENTIAL COMPOUNDS TO IMPROVE SUSTAINABILITY IN WINE- MAKING

YEAST LEES OBTAINED AFTER STARMERELLA BACILLARIS FERMENTATION AS A SOURCE OF POTENTIAL COMPOUNDS TO IMPROVE SUSTAINABILITY IN WINE- MAKING

Abstract

The yeast residue left over after wine-making, known as wine yeast lees, is a source of various compounds that are of interest for wine and food industry. In winemaking, yeast-derived glycocompounds and proteins represent an example of circular economy approach since they have been proven to reduce the need for bentonite and animal-based fining agents. This leads to a reduced environmental impact in the stabilization and fining processes in winemaking. (de Iseppi et al., 2020, 2021). The recent discovery of the wine-making potential of the non-Saccharomyces yeast Starmerella bacillaris has sparked new interest in the use of this species for lees valorization, due to its potential difference in cellular composition from the conventional wine yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Lemos et al., 2016; Moreira et al., 2022). To investigate the cell compositions of yeasts present in the lees, 5 strains of Starmerella bacillaris and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were grown in winemaking conditions. After cells harvesting, different cell components (from cell wall and cytoplasm) were separated by means of cell breakage with glass beads and further enzymatic or chemical treatments. The fractions were characterized in respect of sugar and protein content, by means of HPLC and SDS-PAGE separation, evidencing differences between the species in terms of mannose, glucose and N-acetylglucosamine profile, protein content and protein molecular size. To investigate the practical implications on winemaking, the fractions were tested on wine as agents of protein stabilization and fining. This allowed to make some preliminary evaluation about the potential applications of Starmerella bacillaris as yeast derivatives, obtained from yeast lees.

 

1. de Iseppi, A., Lomolino, G., Marangon, M., & Curioni, A. (2020). Current and future strategies for wine yeast lees valorization. In Food Research International (Vol. 137). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2020.109352
2. de Iseppi, A., Marangon, M., Vincenzi, S., Lomolino, G., Curioni, A., & Divol, B. (2021). A novel approach for the valorization of wine lees as a source of compounds able to modify wine properties. LWT, 136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2020.110274
3. Lemos, W. J., Bovo, B., Nadai, C., Crosato, G., Carlot, M., Favaron, F., Giacomini, A., & Corich, V. (2016). Biocontrol ability and action mechanism of Starmerella bacillaris (synonym Candida zemplinina) isolated from wine musts against gray mold di-sease agent Botrytis cinerea on grape and their effects on alcoholic fermentation. Frontiers in Microbiology, 7(AUG). https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2016.01249
4. Moreira, L. de P. D., Nadai, C., Duarte, V. da S., Brearley-Smith, E. J., Marangon, M., Vincenzi, S., Giacomini, A., & Corich, V.(2022). Starmerella bacillaris Strains Used in Sequential Alcoholic Fermentation with Saccharomyces cerevisiae Improves Protein Stability in White Wines. Fermentation, 8(6), 252. https://doi.org/10.3390/FERMENTATION8060252/S1

DOI:

Publication date: February 9, 2024

Issue: OENO Macrowine 2023

Type: Poster

Authors

Zeno Molinelli 1,3, Chiara Nadai 2,3, Simone Vincenzi 1,3, Alessio Giacomini ¹, Celine Sparrow ⁴, Paolo Antoniali ⁵, Daniele Pizzinato ⁴, Antoine Gobert ⁴ and Viviana Corich 1,3

1. Department of Agronomy Food Natural Resources Animals and Environment (DAFNAE), University of   Padova, Viale dell’Università 16, 35020 Legnaro, PD, Italy
2. Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry (TESAF), University of Padova,Viale dell’Università 16, 35020 Legnaro, PD, Italy
3. Interdepartmental Centre for Research in Viticulture and Enology (CIRVE), University of Padova,Viale XXVIII Aprile 14, 31015 Conegliano, TV, Italy
4. SAS Sofralab, 79 Ave AA Thevenet,BP 1031, Magenta, France
5. Italiana Biotecnologie, Via Vigazzolo 112, I-36054 Montebello Vicentino, Italy

Contact the author*

Keywords

non-saccharomyces yeast, Yeast cell walls, Yeast protein extracts, Yeast polysaccharides

Tags

IVES Conference Series | oeno macrowine 2023 | oeno-macrowine

Citation

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