Macrowine 2021
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Capture depletion of grapevine DNA: an approach to advance the study of microbial community in wine

Capture depletion of grapevine DNA: an approach to advance the study of microbial community in wine


The use of next-generation sequencing (NGS) has helped understand microbial genetics in oenology. Current studies mainly focus on barcoded amplicon NGS but not shotgun sequencing, which is useful for functional analyses. Since the high percentage of grapevine DNA conceals the microbial DNA in must, the majority of sequencing data is wasted in bioinformatic analyses. Here we present capture depletion of grapevine whole genome DNA. By using biotinylated RNA baits made from genomic grapevine libraries, the grapevine DNA is hybridized to the baits and captured by magnetic beads while the targeted microbial DNA is left and subsequently sequenced. A pilot study was carried out to mimic degraded complex materials. Using known complex microbial samples and spiking in large portion of grapevine DNA, the hybridization and depletion took place with quantification by qPCR. Different parameters, such as hybridization hours, temperatures and bait amounts were also tested for potential effects. The aim is to provide an insight into depletion of undesired grapevine DNA and to enhance the data yield in NGS studies of microbial DNA with a more cost effective way suitable for future oenological studies.

Publication date: May 17, 2024

Issue: Macrowine 2016

Type: Poster


Sarah S.T. Mak*, Anders Hansen, Christian Carøe, Jacob Enk, Jean-Marie Rouillard, M Thomas P Gilbert

*Centre for GeoGenetics

Contact the author


IVES Conference Series | Macrowine | Macrowine 2016


Related articles…

The impact of different yeasts and harvest time on the wine quality of Beihong and Beimei (<I>V. vinifera x V. amurensis</I>)

Beihong and Beimei are two wine cultivars from ‘Muscat Hamberg’ (V. vinifera L.) and wild V. amurensis Rupr., which were released in China in 2008. Here,two enology practices were reported. Firstly, the impact of different yeasts including D254, GRE, K1, D21 and BDX on dry wine quality of Beihong and Beimei was investigated. For Beihong, among wines fermented by all yeasts, residual sugar content was the lowest, total anthocyanin and resveratrol contents were the highest in the wine by D254. However, the wine by D254 had lower titrable acid than those by the other yeasts except BDX.

Analysis of the oenological potentials of different oak forests in Hungary

Like France, Hungary has many oak forests used for making barrels since many years. But if the differences between the woods of the North, the East and the South-West forests of France are well known, this is probably not the case of Hungarian forests. However taking into account the essential differences of climates and soils, differences must be significant and the general name “Hungarian oak” must not have any real meaning. We have studied precisely (determination of concentrations of volatile and non-volatile wood compounds, anatomical criteria, measurement of antioxidant capacity) of oaks collected from northeastern Hungary and others collected from the Danube valley in the northwest of the country.

New molecular evidence of wine yeast-bacteria interaction unraveled by untargeted metabolomic profiling

Bacterial malolactic fermentation (MLF) has a considerable impact on wine quality. The yeast strain used for primary fermentation can consistently stimulate (MLF+ phenotype) or inhibit (MLF- phenotype) malolactic bacteria and the MLF process as a function of numerous winemaking practices, but the molecular evidence behind still remains a mystery. In this study, such evidence was elucidated by the direct comparison of extracellular metabolic profiles of MLF+ and MLF- yeast phenotypes. Untargeted metabolomics combining ultrahigh-resolution FT-ICR-MS analysis, powerful machine learning methods and a comprehensive wine metabolite database, discovered around 800 putative biomarkers and 2500 unknown masses involved in phenotypic distinction.

Reduction of herbaceous aromas by wine lactic acid bacteria mediated degradation of volatile aldehydes

Consumers typically prefer wines with floral and fruity aromas over those presenting green-pepper, vegetal or herbaceous notes. Pyrazines have been identified as causatives for herbaceous notes in wines, especially Bordeaux reds. However, pyrazines are not universally responsible for herbaceousness, and several other wine volatile compounds are known to produce distinct vegetal/herbaceous aromas in wines. Specifically, volatile aldehydes elicit sensations of herbaceousness or grassiness and have been described in wines well above their perception thresholds.

Interest and impact of PVP/PVI (Polyvinylpyrrolidone/ Polyvinylimidazole) on winemaking and final quality of wines

Céline Sparrow a, Christophe Morge a, a SOFRALAB SAS, 79, av. A.A. Thévenet – CS 11031 – 51530 Magenta, France Consumers’ health and security force authorities to limit, in wine as in others food industry products, the concentration in « dangerous » molecules. Therefore the legal limit in heavy metals keeps on decreasing. As per proof EU regulation just decrease the stain concentration in wine from 0,2 to 0,15 mg/l. Certain changes , such as sodium arsenite treatment in vines, disappearance of brass in wineries to the benefit of stainless steel, limit even more the concentration of heavy metals in wines. But the use of copper derivates in vines treatments is difficult to replace. In the case of wine and its elaboration, the problem is even more complex. Indeed, regulation forces the wine producers to control the concentration of certain heavy metals in final wines.