terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Characterization of four Chenin Blanc-rootstock combinations to assess grapevine adaptability to water constraint

Characterization of four Chenin Blanc-rootstock combinations to assess grapevine adaptability to water constraint

Abstract

Climate change impacts water availability for agriculture, notably in semi-arid regions like South Africa, necessitating research on cultivar and rootstock adaptability to water constraints. To evaluate the performance (vegetative and reproductive) of different Chenin Blanc-rootstock combinations to the two water regimes, a field experiment was established in a model vineyard at Stellenbosch University, South Africa. Chenin Blanc vines grafted onto four different rootstocks (110Richter, 99Richter, 1103Paulsen and US 8-7) were planted in 2020. The vines are managed under two contrasting water conditions – dryland and irrigated (industry norm). Each combination had one row under irrigation and two rows under dryland conditions. Five panels were selected in each of the 12 rows for monitoring purposes with the center vine in each selected panel being the target vine.

Vegetative measurements (trunk circumference, lateral leaf area and pruning mass), physiological monitoring (stomatal conductance and midday stem water potential), phenological progression and reproductive measurements (average yield per vine, average bunches per vine and average bunch mass) were conducted for the 2022-23 and 2023-24 seasons. Root studies were also done in the 2023-24 season. Initial data analysis revealed performance differences among rootstocks within the same irrigation regime (rootstock response) and between dryland and irrigated conditions (rootstock-irrigation response). Dryland vines showed faster post-véraison phenological progression. In terms of stem water potential, vines grafted to R110 and R99 responded similarly under irrigated conditions whilst 1103Paulsen and US 8-7 displayed similar trends under dryland conditions. Results reveal that some combinations may be adapted better to conditions of water constraint. This information is useful for planning strategies to mitigate challenging conditions in terms of the availability of water resources.

DOI:

Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster

Authors

Talitha Venter1*, Sihle Xogwa,1, Carlos Poblete-Echeverría1, Melané Vivier1

1 South African Grape and Wine Research Institute, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Stellenbosch, South Africa, 7602

Contact the author*

Keywords

grapevine, rootstock, water stress, vine performance, vine response

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024

Citation

Related articles…

Depletion Of Vine-Shoots Phenolic Composicion After Being Used As An Enological Tool For Wine Differentiation

Pruning vine-shoots are a viticulture waste that have been traditionally poorly exploited in relation to its chemical minority composition related to phenolic and volatile compounds. In this line, toasted vine-shoots supposes a proposal of enological tool to use to modulate the chemical and sensorial profile of wines. From a phenolic point of view, when vine-shoots are used during winemaking mainly influence to increase the flavanols and stilbenes content, mostly trans-resveratrol, as also an increasing in the sweet tannins and decreasing the green character and total anthocyanins, changing the violet for garnet colour.

A NEW SPECIFIC LINEAGE OF OENOCOCCUS OENI IN COGNAC APPELLATION WINES

Oenococcus oeni is the main lactic acid bacteria (LAB) species which conducts the malolactic fermentation (MLF) in wine. During MLF, O. oeni converts malic acid into lactic acid, which modulates wine aroma composition leading to better balanced organoleptic properties. O. oeni is a highly specialized species only detected in environments containing alcohol such as wine, cider or kombucha. Genome analysis of more than 240 strains showed that they form at least 4 main phylogenetic lineages and several sublineages, which are associated with different beverages or types of wines.

New understanding on sulfites reactivity in wine

Sulfur dioxide is widely used during winemaking as an antioxidant and antimicrobial agent. Bisulfite (HSO3−), the predominant form of SO2 at wine pH, reacts with several wine components forming sulfonated adducts.

Investigation of cellulose nanofiber-based films used as a protective layer to reduce absorption of smoke phenols into wine grapes

Volatile phenols from wildfire smoke are absorbed by wine grapes, resulting in undesirable smoky and ashy sensory attributes in the affected wine.[1] Unfortunately the severity of wildfires is increasing, particularly when grapes are ripening on the vine. The unwanted flavors of the wine prompted a need for solutions to prevent the uptake of smoke compounds into wine grapes. Films using cellulose nanofibers as the coating forming matrix were developed as an innovative means to prevent smoke phenols from entering Pinot noir grapes. Different film formulations were tested by incorporating low methoxy pectin or chitosan.

Varieties and rootstocks: an important mean for adaptation to terroir

A large genetic diversity exists among V. vinifera varieties, but also among cultivated rootstocks. This diversity is important to adapt plant material to different environmental conditions