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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Teran grape quality influenced by different irrigation treatments

Teran grape quality influenced by different irrigation treatments

Abstract

Teran is an important native variety grown in Istria known for its high level of polyphenols and intensive fruity character of wines. Teran’s yield and wine typicity have recently decreased due to climate changes (increased temperature and severe drought). Four drip irrigation treatments (25%, 50%, 75%, 100% of total evapotranspiration) and control were investigated for the influence on Teran yield and quality, where focus was given to the content and composition of main polyphenolic and volatile compounds in grapes. Irrigation positively influenced yield since the berry weight also increased with increased irrigation. This resulted in the highest yield for 100% ETc. The highest concentration of polyphenols had control, while the irrigation treatments did not differ significantly. However, there was a tendency to decrease concentration with increased irrigation probably due to the increased berry size, which led to a dilution effect. Regarding the volatile compounds, the most abundant group was alcohols, followed by acids. It seems that volatiles were not affected by irrigation as there is no significant difference between control and treatments, as well as among treatments. Even though the total content of volatiles was similar between treatments, there were significant differences among them in the content of esters, terpenes, and norisoprenoids, all very potent volatiles that can have an important impact on the sensory profile. Precise irrigation is necessary for yield management of Teran in changing environments due to the limited water availability, but grape quality and composition response must be precisely monitored to preserve wine quality and typicity.

DOI:

Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster

Authors

Iva Šikuten1*, Darko Preiner1, Zvjezdana Marković1, Monika Zovko1, Davor Romić1, Marijan Bubola2, Jasminka Karoglan Kontić1

1 University of Zagreb Faculty of Agriculture, Svetošimunska 25, Zagreb, Croatia
2 Institute of Agriculture and Tourism Poreč, Karla Huguesa 8, Poreč, Croatia

Contact the author*

Keywords

Teran, Croatia, irrigation, polyphenols, volatiles

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024

Citation

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