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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Leaf necrosis induced by the insecticide carbaryl in Vitis rupestris ‘B38’

Leaf necrosis induced by the insecticide carbaryl in Vitis rupestris ‘B38’


Carbaryl is an acetylcholine esterase inhibitor-type insecticide used for pest control on grapevine. We repeatedly observed the occurrence of interveinal leaf necrosis following carbaryl spray application in a Vitis rupestris x Vitis riparia F1 hybrid progeny vineyard.  Spray applications induced necrosis in this progeny under both Missouri and New York field conditions an approximate one-to-one sensitive-to-insensitive segregation ratio and with 42% concordance. Results of subsequent in vitro experiments established causality between carbaryl treatment and leaf necrosis and confirmed the pattern of segregation observed in the field. We consistently map this phenotype to a major QTL on chromosome 16 of the female parent V. rupestris ‘B38’ regardless of whether we used field or in vitro-generated phenotype data. The PN40024 12x.v1 genome sequence under the QTL peak is a gene-rich region encoding several receptor-like kinases and nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat receptors. RNA-seq and qPCR analyses of the carbaryl-induced transcriptome demonstrated the up-regulation of genes encoding the immune response regulator EDS1, pathogenesis-related proteins and stilbene synthases in sensitive, but not in insensitive progeny plants. While the development of leaf necrosis involved certain components of pathogen-triggered cell death regulatory pathway, other molecular events did not agree with the “misguided immune response” paradigm. An extensive screen of native North American grapevine accessions suggested that carbaryl sensitivity is rare in Vitis, and possibly unique to the V. rupestris ‘B38’ genotype, though members of Parthenocissus, another Vitaceae genus, are damaged by carbaryl.


Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster


Laszlo Kovacs1*, Courteny Coleman1, Courtney Duncan1, Michael Bigelow1, Cody Pham1, Zachary Harris2, Jason Londo3

1 Department of Biology, Missouri State University, Springfield, MO USA
2 Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, St. Louis, MO USA
3 School of Integrative Plant Science, Cornell University, Geneva, NY USA

Contact the author*


Insecticide damage, Vitis rupestris ‘B38’, leaf necrosis, immune response, quantitative trait locus


IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024


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