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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Cumulative effects of repeated drought stress on berry composition, and phenolic profile: Field experiment insights

Cumulative effects of repeated drought stress on berry composition, and phenolic profile: Field experiment insights

Abstract

Drought stress has a profound impact on grapevine productivity and significantly alters key quality-related traits of berries. Although research has been conducted on the effects of individual drought events, there is still a knowledge gap regarding the cumulative consequences of repeated exposure to water scarcity and the influence of the timing of stress imposition. To address this gap, a field experiment was conducted to investigate the impacts of repeated drought stress on yield, berry composition, and the phenolic profile of grape berries. The results indicate that yield is primarily influenced by pre-veraison water deficit. Although the number of clusters was only slightly reduced, a substantial decrease in berry size was observed, resulting in a notable reduction in overall yield. The comparison between sun-exposed and shaded berries revealed an interplay between light exposure and water availability. Furthermore, pre-veraison drought stress resulted in a decrease in titratable acidity, leading to an increase of must pH at harvest time. These results emphasize the impact of early drought events on berry composition, persisting until harvest. This indicates the importance of maintaining optimal water supply during early growing season. The study suggests the potential to conserve water resources by strategically adjusting irrigation intensity during the late growing season.

DOI:

Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster

Authors

Patrick Pascal Lehr1*, Charles Obiero2, Markus Keller2, Christian Zörb1

1 University of Hohenheim, Institute of Crop Science, Quality of Plant Products, Stuttgart, Germany
2 Washington State University, Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Department of Viticulture and Enology, Prosser, WA, USA

Contact the author*

Keywords

recurrent drought stress, berry quality, phenolic composition, yield, water saving strategies

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024

Citation

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