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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Investigating the role of endophytes in enhancing grapevine resilience to drought

Investigating the role of endophytes in enhancing grapevine resilience to drought

Abstract

Grapevine is a crop of great economic importance for several countries. The intensification of grapevine production has mostly been sustained by the increasing use of water resources at the expense of the environmental water balance. Moreover, in the last decades, climate change and the consequent expansion of drought have further compromised water availability, making current agricultural systems even more fragile both ecologically and economically. Recently, many research groups have highlighted the important role of endophytes in facilitating plant growth under optimal or stressful conditions. Within the framework of the PRIMA project, we aim to investigate the possible exploitation of the natural endophyte biodiversity as a sustainable tool to make grapevine plants more resilient to water deficit environmental conditions. Cultivable bacterial communities of field grapevine plants growing in the arid regions of Italy and Algeria have been isolated from leaf tissues. Endophytes were characterised and screened for their plant growth-promoting traits and used to generate endophyte consortia to inoculate endophyte-free grapevine plants. In a parallel approach we tested the possibility of using the grafting procedure to transfer endophytes between plants. Preliminary data are presented showing the efficiency of this procedure and the dynamics of the endophyte community in the destination plant.

Funding

This work is funded by PRIMA foundation. Project nr.1565 – PROSIT: Plant microbiomes in sustainable viticulture.

DOI:

Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster

Authors

Irene Doro1*, Yuri Luca Negroni1, Elisabetta Barizza1, Alberto Tamborrino1, Alessandra Tondello2, Stefania Marcato1, Angela Carra3, Dalila Crucitti3, Roberto de Michele3, Rosalba Cipriani1, Sebastiano Nigris1, Barbara Baldan1, Arezki Lehad4, Andrea Squartini2, Francesco Carimi3, Davide Pacifico3, Michela Zottini1

1Department of Biology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
2Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animal and Environment, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
3Department of Agri-Food Sciences, Institute of Biosciences and BioResources (IBBR), C.N.R., Palermo, Italy
4Département De Botanique, Ecole Nationale Supérieure, El harrach, Algérie

Contact the author*

Keywords

grapevine, endophyte, climate change, drought, sustainability

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024

Citation

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