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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Correlation between agronomic performance and resistance gene in PIWi varieties in the field

Correlation between agronomic performance and resistance gene in PIWi varieties in the field

Abstract

Today’s viticulture faces a considerable challenge dealing with fungal diseases and limitations on the use of plant protection products (PPP) have increased the pressure to find more sustainable alternatives. One strategy may be the development and cultivation of disease-resistant grapevine varieties (PIWI) that could maintain crop productivity and quality while reducing dependence on PPP. In this work a set of 9 PIWI varieties (5 white and 4 red) deploying genes for resistance to powdery and downy mildew were evaluated in two consecutive years in Valdegón, La Rioja, with Tempranillo and Viura as controls. The objective was to correlate agronomic performance and disease incidence with the presence of disease resistance genes in two different seasons: with (2023) and without disease pressure (2022).

Results showed that genotypes harbouring more than one resistance gene such as Soreli (Rpv3 + Repv12), S. Rytos (Rpv 3 + Ren3) or Julius (Rpv12 + Ren3), are more resilient to both diseases, regardless of whether both are against the same disease, suggesting a synergistic effect. Moreover, cultivars more resilient to both mildews did not show any reduction in yield, compared to C. Volos that showed a 42,5% reduction, S. Kretos about 50% or controls Viura (62,3%) and Tempranillo (65,5%) in productivity during the disease-pressured season. Further research will focus on the role of rhizospheric microbiome on disease incidence.

 

Acknowledgments: This work has been funded by the Government of La Rioja, (Fortalece 2021/08). Support from the CIDA’s staff and the Plant Resources service of the ICVV is gratefully acknowledged.

DOI:

Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster

Authors

Sara I. Blanco – González, M.M. Hernández*, C.M. Menéndez

Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y el Vino (ICVV (UR-GR-CSIC)), Finca La Grajera, Carretera de Burgos km 6, 26007, Logroño, La Rioja, Spain

Contact the author*

Keywords

PIWI, powdery mildew, downey mildew, sustainable viticulture, biotic stress

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024

Citation

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