terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Key phenolic compounds in the pulp of new red-fleshed table grape hybrids: anthocyanins and flavonols 

Key phenolic compounds in the pulp of new red-fleshed table grape hybrids: anthocyanins and flavonols 

Abstract

The cultivated area of table grapes worldwide has experienced a paramount increase over the last two decades. In this current scenario, traditional varieties are being replaced by new cultivars that prioritize a profitable and sustainable agriculture, while satisfying consumer demands. It is widely recognized that wine varieties, especially those with red berry flesh, are renowned for their high antioxidant capacity and phenolic compounds, which promote health. Recently, this topic has also gained significance in table grape breeding programs. The main objective of this work is to compare new hybrids of table grape (Alicante Bouschet cv. × Itumfifteen cv.) regards to their pulp phenolic compounds content. Three selections of new hybrids Non-Coloured Flesh (NCF) and Total Coloured Flesh (TCF) were analyzed for their individual phenolic compounds (phenolic acids, stilbenes, flavonols, and anthocyanins) during two consecutive seasons 2022 and 2023. The new TCF hybrids showed 2.9-fold higher flavonols in the berry pulp compared to NCF hybrids. Moreover, the anthocyanins content in the berry pulp of TCF grapes reported to be 20-fold higher than those of NCF hybrids. As expected, phenolic acids and stilbenes, were significantly enhanced in TCF hybrids compared to NCF hybrids. The presence of red berry flesh in table grapes not only adds a new characteristic to the market, this new cultivars are genetically enriched in healthy promoting compounds.

DOI:

Publication date: June 14, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster

Authors

Pablo Crespo Ródenas1,2*, Lorena Martínez Zamora2,3, Francisco Artés Hernández2, Manuel Tornel Martínez1

1 Table Grape Breeding Group. Department of Biotechnology, Genomics and Breeding, Instituto Murciano de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario y Medioambiental, Murcia, 30150, Spain
2 Postharvest and Refrigeration Group. Department of Agricultural Engineering & Institute of Plant Biotechnology, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, Cartagena, Murcia, 30203, Spain
3 Department of Food Technology, Food Science, and Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Murcia, Espinardo, 30071 Murcia, Spain

Contact the author*

Keywords

Vitis vinifera, teinturier grapes, polyphenols, malvidin, kaempferol

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024

Citation

Related articles…

Oak wood barrel tannin potential builds white wines oxidative stability and contributes to wine metabolomics fingerprint

Considerable advances have been made in the chemical characterization of wine metabolites through its holistic study using both targeted and untargeted metabolomics approach. The metabolite pool is subject to an intense molecular dialogue which reinforces the wine complexity even after bottling.

Mechanistic insights into the bioavailability of oleocanthal and oleacein from olive oil in presence of wine active peptides and amino acids

Oleocanthal (OC) and oleacein (OL) are highly bioactive secoiridoids found in olive oil at elevated concentrations, especially when it is produced from unripe olives (Olea europaea L.). Both compounds have been correlated with strong activities against serious diseases through recent clinical trials. The most important clinical trials have been performed in patients against chronic lymphocytic

Application of a fluorescence-based method to evaluate the ripening process and quality of Pinot blanc grape

The chemical composition of grape berries at harvest is one of the most important factors that should be considered to produce high quality wines. Among the different chemical classes which characterize the grape juice, the polyphenolic compound, such as flavonoids, contribute to the final taste and color of wines. Recently, an innovative non-destructive method, based on chlorophyll fluorescence, was developed to estimate the phenolic maturity of red grape varieties through the evaluation of anthocyanins accumulated in the berry skin. To date, only few data are available about the application of this method on white grape varieties.

La zonazione viticola e i compiti dell’amministrazione regionale

Solo attraverso un adeguato intervento di estirpazione e reimpianto dei vigneti è possibile preservare, adeguare e valorizzare il patrimonio viticolo e le produzioni che da esso derivano.
Il reimpianto dei vigneti è pertanto da intendersi come una normale pratica agricola, alla pari della rimonta di stalla in campo zootecnico, ma può assumere toni problematici quando, come si verifica adesso in Toscana per una serie di circostanze legate alla profonda trasfor­mazione della viticoltura avvenuta negli ultimi 30 anni, troppi impianti giungono contem­poraneamente a fine ciclo produttivo e devono essere rinnovati.

Extension to the Saumurois-Touraine area of an Anjou-originated method for the characterisation of the viticultural terroirs. (Loire Valley, France)

En Anjou, une méthode de caractérisation des terroirs viticoles a été développée. Elle utilise un modèle de terrain basé sur la profondeur de sol et son degré d’argilisation. Le modèle concerne des terrains issus principalement de roches mères métamorphiques et éruptives du Massif Armoricain. Cet outil de caractérisation des terroirs viticoles nécessite d’être adapté lorsqu’il s’agit d’ensembles géologiques très différents, en particulier sur sols d’apport et de roches mères tendres et poreuses du Bassin Parisien. Une meilleure compréhension de la réserve hydrique des sols apparaît être un critère important de l’interaction entre le milieu et la plante.