terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Implementation of hyperspectral image analysis for evaluating table grape quality on bunch and berry level

Implementation of hyperspectral image analysis for evaluating table grape quality on bunch and berry level

Abstract

Typically, subjective, and visual methods are used by grape growers to assess harvest maturity. These methods may not accurately represent the maturity of an entire vineyard – especially if extensive and representative sampling was not used. New technologies have been investigated for improved harvest management decisions. Spectroscopy methods utilizing the near-infrared region of the light spectrum is one such technology investigated as an alternative to classic methods and particularly the application of hyperspectral imaging (HSI) has recently gained attention in research. HIS is a spectroscopic technique that obtains hundreds of images at different wavelengths collecting spectral data for each pixel in the sample i.e., providing both spectral and spatial data.
In this study HSI in the visible-near infrared (VNIR) and short-wave infrared (SWIR) regions was tested for determining total soluble solids (TSS), pH and total acidity (TA) of table grapes under laboratory conditions. Imaging of whole bunches as well as individual berries selected from top, middle and bottom positions of bunches was done. The bunches and berries were collected over multiple samples sessions throughout the 2022-23 and 2023-24 seasons allowing for fruit of various maturity levels (unripe though to harvest maturity) to be included. Spectral data was extracted from the images using MATLAB codes developed for this purpose using different analysis approaches. The resulting data is spatial and numerical yielding mean reflectance per pixel across points for entire bunches, and entire berries. Models for determining grape chemical composition were developed using ground-truthing data collected from the sampled fruit. Initial results indicate that this method could be suitable for determining grape ripeness on a bunch or berry level.

DOI:

Publication date: June 14, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster

Authors

Talitha Venter1*, Rodrigo Oliva-Mancilla1,2, Fikile Wolela1, Eunice Avenant1,3, Carlos Poblete-Echeverría1 *

1 South African Grape and Wine Research Institute, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Stellenbosch, South Africa, 7602
2 Global technical consultancies, 05 Barn Road, Bergvliet, Cape Town, South Africa, 7945
3 South African Table Grape Industry, PO Box 2932, Paarl, South Africa, 7620

Contact the author*

Keywords

table grapes, hyperspectral imaging, ripeness, quality, spectroscopy

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024

Citation

Related articles…

Stomatal restrictions to photosynthesis in grapevine cultivars grown in a semiarid environment

Diurnal changes in the leaves of field-grown grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) cultivars Syrah and Tempranillo were followed over summer 2009 with respect to gas exchanges. Net photosynthetic rate (AN) of both cultivars rapidly increased in the morning, decreasing slowly until the late afternoon, when reached the lowest values.

The effects of alternative herbicide free cover cropping systems on soil health, vine performance, berry quality and vineyard biodiversity in a climate change scenario in Switzerland

There is an urgent need in viticulture to adopt alternative herbicide-free soil management strategies to mitigate climate change, increase biodiversity, reduce plant protection products and improve soil quality while minimizing detrimental effects on grapevine’s stress tolerance and fruit quality. To propose sustainable solutions, adapted to different pedoclimatic conditions in Switzerland, we developed a multidisciplinary 4-year project, started in 2020. Objectives of the project are to a) evaluate the impact of green covers (spontaneous flora, winter cover crop and permanent ground cover) on environmental and agronomic parameters and b) develop subsequently innovative strategies for different viticultural contexts of Switzerland. The project is divided into 3 phases: 1) diagnosis, 2) on-farm and 3) on-station experiments. Phase 1) consisted in an assessment of 30 commercial vineyards all over Switzerland, where growers already use different herbicide-free soil management strategies. The most promising practices identified in this exploratory phase will be replicated in commercial vineyards across Switzerland (“on-farm”) as well as in a classical randomized block design in an experimental plot (“on-station”). For phase 1), measurements consisted in evaluation of soil status (compaction, structure, roots development), soil microbial diversity (metagenomics), plant diversity and biomass, vine physiology (water stress, vigor, leaf nitrogen) and berry quality (acidity, sugar, available nitrogen). Interestingly, the permanent ground cover resulted in a higher Shannon index thus a higher biodiversity as compared to the other itineraries. The winter cover crop increased vine nitrogen and vigor while deteriorating soil quality, leaving the soil more exposed and compacted likely due to more frequent tillage. The spontaneous flora led to higher berry sugar accumulation, less nitrogen and higher malic acid concentration putatively due to a higher water retention of the flora in a particularly wet vintage. Phases 2) and 3) are required to confirm those tendencies, over the 3 next vintages and different climatic conditions.

How artificial intelligence (AI) is helping winegrowers to deal with adversity from climate change

Artificial intelligence (AI) for winegrowers refers to robotics, smart sensor technology, and machine learning applied to solve climate change problems. Our research group has developed novel technology based on AI in the vineyard to monitor vineyard growth using computer vision analysis (VitiCanopy App) and grape maturity based on berry cell death to predict flavor and aroma profiles of berries and final wines.

Geopedological and climatic zoning of northern Malaga vineyards region: Fuente de Piedra, Humilladero and Mollina (southern Spain)

The vineyards placed in the municipal areas of Fuente de Piedra, Humilladero and Mollina constitute a wine-growing important area of the “Zona Norte” of the province of Málaga.

Biotic interactions: case of grapevine cultivars – the fungal pathogen Neofusicoccum parvum – biocontrol agents 

Grapevine is subject to multiple stresses, either biotic or abiotic, frequently in combination. These stresses may negatively impact the health status of plants and reduce yields. For biotic stress, grapevine is affected by numerous pest and diseases such as downy and powdery mildews, grey mold, black rot, grapevine fanleaf virus and trunk diseases (namely GTDs). The interaction between grapevine and pathogens is relatively complex and linked to various pathogenicity factors including cell-wall-degrading enzymes (especially CAZymes) and phytotoxic secondary metabolites, growth regulators, effectors proteins, and fungal viruses.