terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 The role of vine trunk height in delaying grape ripening: insights for viticultural adaptation strategies

The role of vine trunk height in delaying grape ripening: insights for viticultural adaptation strategies

Abstract

Global changes in temperature patterns necessitate the development of viticultural adaptation strategies. One promising approach involves modifying the training system and elevating trunk height. This study explored the potential of raising the vine trunk as an adaptive strategy to counteract the effects of increasing temperatures and delay ripening. Thermal conditions, radiation levels, and must composition were measured at different heights (10 and 150 cm) in a commercial vineyard of the minority variety Maturana Blanca, trained on a vertical cordon. The results showed a significant delay in grape maturation in the upper part of the vertical cordon, characterized by lower Brix levels and higher titratable acidity than the lower section. These outcomes can be partly explained by observed variations in the Winkler index measured inside the canopy, indicating a 15.59% reduction in the upper zone. However, the radiation percentage in the fruiting zone was significantly higher in the upper part of the vine. In summary, the change in trunk height significantly impacted grape ripening. The study underscores vineyard management’s importance in improving wine quality and preserving its typicity. These findings open avenues for future research, guiding potential adjustments in viticultural practices under evolving environmental conditions.

DOI:

Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster

Authors

Miguel Puelles1*, Pedro Balda2, Andreu Mairata1, David Labarga1, Álvaro Galán1, Fernando Martínez de Toda1, Alicia Pou1

1Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino (CSIC, Gobierno de la Rioja, Universidad de La Rioja), Finca La Grajera, Ctra. Burgos Km. 6, 26007 Logroño, Spain
2Universidad de La Rioja, c/ Madre de Dios, 51, 26006 Logroño, Spain

Contact the author*

Keywords

climate change, temperature gradient, viticulture, training system, vertical cordon

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024

Citation

Related articles…

Preliminary studies of zoning applications in Goriška Brda (Collio) winegrowing region, Slovenia

Goriška Brda est la région viticole située le plus à l’ouest de la Slovénie, attenante au Collio d’Italie. Goriška Brda (2020 ha de vignobles) a une longue tradition d’élevage viticole. La proximité de la mer Adriatique (Golfe de Trieste) au sud-ouest et des Alpes Juliennes au nord contribue à un climat caractéristique et unique qui influe sur la croissance et la fertilité de la vigne. La constitution des sols, un climat typique et un relief mouvementé provoquent des différences dans la production du raisin, sa quantité et sa qualité. L’utilisation du zonage ou du microzonage permettraient d’atténuer les influences des facteurs climatiques et du sol sur la production de la vigne ou d’en profiter. Pour évaluer la signification des différents facteurs, nous avons résumé et réuni les modèles de différents auteurs.

Rare earth elements in grapes and soil: study of different soil extraction methods

Lanthanides, together with scandium and yttrium, make up the group of Rare Earth Elements (REEs). An official method for analysis of the bioavailable REEs accumulated by plants, depending mainly on soil characteristics, chemical speciation in soil and the specific ability of the plant, is still lacking.

Vinhos de talha: to pitch or not to pitch

In Alentejo, south of Portugal there is a traditional way of fermenting wines in clay vessels, known as “Vinhos de Talha”. Clay vessels were traditionally impermeabilized using pine pitch, creating a barrier between the fermenting must and the clay. Due to this unusual production technology that uses of clay vessels, instead of inox or wood vessels, “Vinhos de Talha” present unique characteristics increasingly appreciated by national and international consumers when compared with wine obtained by the said traditional methods of winemaking. Although the positive consumers feedback, there is little literature about the physical-chemical characteristics of these wines (Martins et al, 2018; Cabrita et al, 2018). This work aims to characterize the volatile composition of white wines produced in clay vessels with different coatings and to contribute to the knowledge and preservation of these wines that are a unique cultural heritage. Wine samples were produced during 2019 vintage from white grapes, using the traditional technology associated to these wines.

Profiling the Metschnikowia yeast populations in spontaneous fermentation of Amarone della Valpolicella

The microbial diversity during spontaneous grape must fermentation has a determinant influence on the chemical composition and sensory properties of wine. Therefore, yeast diversity is an important target to better understand wine regionality. Hence, the aim of this study was to isolate, identify, and characterize the yeast core microbiota in grape must during the early stage of lab-scale spontaneous fermentation of withered grapes to produce Amarone della Valpolicella wine (Verona, Italy).

New molecular evidence of wine yeast-bacteria interaction unraveled by untargeted metabolomic profiling

Bacterial malolactic fermentation (MLF) has a considerable impact on wine quality. The yeast strain used for primary fermentation can consistently stimulate (MLF+ phenotype) or inhibit (MLF- phenotype) malolactic bacteria and the MLF process as a function of numerous winemaking practices, but the molecular evidence behind still remains a mystery. In this study, such evidence was elucidated by the direct comparison of extracellular metabolic profiles of MLF+ and MLF- yeast phenotypes. Untargeted metabolomics combining ultrahigh-resolution FT-ICR-MS analysis, powerful machine learning methods and a comprehensive wine metabolite database, discovered around 800 putative biomarkers and 2500 unknown masses involved in phenotypic distinction.