terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Macrowine 9 Macrowine 2010 9 Molecular effects of stress and vineyard management 9 Anthocyanins, flavonols and hydroxycinnamates of eight vitis vinifera cultivars from the balearic islands

Anthocyanins, flavonols and hydroxycinnamates of eight vitis vinifera cultivars from the balearic islands

Abstract

In 2008 the anthocyanin, flavonol and hydroxycinnamate (HCT) contents of the skins of five coloured berry cultivars (‘Escursac’, ‘Esperó de Gall’, ‘Galmeter’, ‘Valent negre’ and ‘Vinater negre’), of two white cultivars (‘Argamussa’ and ‘Prensal blanc’) and of one weakly rose cultivar (‘Giró ros’), native from Balearic Islands, were characterized. The total anthocyanin content varied from 388.4 mg kg-1 berry weight (‘Esperó de Gall’) to 1067.2 (‘Valent negre’). The ratio between tri and di-hydroxylated anthocyanins varied from 3.5 of ‘Vinater negre’ to 12.3 of ‘Escursac’. In ‘Valent negre’ delphinidin 3-O-glucoside was the prevalent anthocyanin (28 % of total amount). The total flavonol content ranged from 10.1 mg kg-1 in the white ‘Argamussa’ to about 178 mg kg-1 in ‘Esperó de Gall’ and ‘Vinater negre’. Quercetins were the prevalent flavonols in most cultivars except ‘Valent negre’, characterized by the prevalence of myricetin 3-O-glucoside and ‘Galmeter’ where kaempferol 3-O-glucoside accounted for 32.4 % of flavonol total amount. The skin total content of hydroxycinnamates was low in all cultivars (from 1.5 to 11.4 mg kg-1) probably because of the very hot and dry climatic conditions of the cultivation site.

Publication date: July 3, 2024

Issue: Macrowine 2010

Type: Article

Authors

Alessandra FERRANDINO1, Gianpiero MURRU1, Joana María LUNA2, José ESCALONA3, Andrea SCHUBERT1, Claudio LOVISOLO1

1 Dipartimento Colture Arboree dell’Università di Torino, via L. da Vinci 44, Grugliasco, I.

2 IRFAP. Conselleria d’Agricultura i Pesca. Govern de les Illes Balears, E.

3 Research group of plant under Mediterranean conditions. Biology Department. University of Balearic Islands, E.

Contact the author*

Keywords

polyphenols, skins, pulps

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Macrowine | Macrowine 2010

Citation

Related articles…

Relevance of an immunoassay test for rapid detection of Botrytis cinerea in ‘Ugni blanc’ musts and wines

A new immunoassay kit, called Botrytis Lateral Flow Device has been tested to detect Botrytis cinerea on musts and wines. The comparison of the immunoassay result with the quantitative analysis of usual markers (gluconic acid, sugars and polyols) showed the relevance of this innovative tool.

Outside and inside grapevine roots: arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in a ‘nebbiolo’ vineyard 

In field conditions, grapevine roots are colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). Little is known about the species composition of AMF communities associated to grapevine.

Influence of light exclusion on anthocyanin composition in ‘Cabernet sauvignon’

The aim of this study was to determine how artificial shading influenced berry development and anthocyanin accumulation in ‘Cabernet sauvignon’. Opaque polypropylene boxes were applied to grape bunches over three different developmental stages.

Valorisation of nutraceutical and health-related properties of wine-grapes of Emilia-Romagna Italian region

In this work, results about the composition in polyphenols and polyamines in important wine-grape cultivars from the Emilia-Romagna region are presented. Spectrophotometric and HPLC analyses suggest that especially coloured berries are particularly rich of antioxidant species (stilbenes and catechins). Potential allergenic capability of biogenic amines was also characterized.

Modification on grape phenolic and aromatic composition due to different leafroll virus infections

Viral diseases are reported to cause several detrimental effects on grapevine. Among them, leafroll, due to single or mixed infection of GLRaV1 and GLRaV3, and rugose wood, associated to GVA, are considered the most widespread and dangerous.