Terroir 2012 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 International Terroir Conferences 9 Terroir 2012 9 Grapegrowing climates 9 Impact of microclimate on berry quality parameters of white Riesling (Vitis vinifera L.)

Impact of microclimate on berry quality parameters of white Riesling (Vitis vinifera L.)

Abstract

Knowledge has been accumulated on the impact of microclimate, in particular berry temperature and irradiation, for a wide range of red varieties. However, little research has been dedicated on the effects of the same factors on the quality of white grape varieties.

In this study we present results of the effects of microclimate on the composition of white Riesling (Vitis vinifera L.) under different row orientations. The microclimatic parameters monitored in this study were canopy humidity and temperature, berry surface temperature using infrared thermography, ambient humidity, temperature, wind speed and irradiation parameters. Bunches of different exposure within the canopy of three different row orientations (North to South; East to West; South-West to North-East) were monitored. In addition to the natural environment, some bunches were sheltered in boxes to exclude any impact of light. Further, a defoliation treatment was established to provide maximum light interception.

Results of the study showed that bunches under higher radiation interception, had a faster malic acid degradation and berries were accumulating more flavonols, while the differences in sugar accumulation seemed to depend on leaf peak temperatures rather than on the exposure of the berries.

DOI:

Publication date: August 28, 2020

Issue: Terroir 2012

Type: Article

Authors

Matthias FRIEDEL (1), Michael WEBER (1), Jeanette ZACHARIAS (2), Claus-Dieter PATZ (2), Manfred STOLL (1)

(1) Geisenheim Research Center, Department of Viticulture, Von-Lade-Str. 1, 65366 Geisenheim, Germany
(2) Geisenheim Research Center, Department of Wine Chemistry and Beverage Technology Von-Lade-Str. 1, 65366 Geisenheim, Germany

Contact the author

Keywords

Row Orientation, Riesling, Microclimate, Berry Temperature, Flavonoids

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2012

Citation

Related articles…

Manipulating grapevine bud fruitfulness

Bud fruitfulness is a key component of reproductive performance of grapevine. It plays a significant role in annual yield variation of vineyards as it is a prerequisite of crop production in the following season. Various exogenous and endogenous factors influencing the development of inflorescence primordia (IP) have been studied. However, the research on molecular genetic control of bud fruitfulness, especially how it interacts with environmental factors is still lacking. This study aims to investigate the molecular mechanism of effects of temperature and light on grapevine bud fruitfulness during initiation and differentiation of IP.

Retrospective analysis of our knowledge regarding the genetics of relevant traits for rootstock breeding 

Rootstocks were the first sustainable and environmentally friendly strategy to cope with a major threat for Vitis vinifera cultivation. In addition to providing Phylloxera resistance, they play an important role in protecting against other soil-borne pests, such as nematodes, and in adapting V. vinifera to limiting abiotic conditions. Today viticulture has to adapt to ongoing climate change whilst simultaneously reducing its environmental impact. In this context, rootstocks are a central element in the development of agro-ecological practices that increase adaptive potential with low external inputs. Despite the apparent diversity of the Vitis genus, only few rootstock varieties are used worldwide and most of them have a very narrow genetic background. This means that there is considerable scope to breed new, improved rootstocks to adapt viticulture for the future.

Cordon height and deficit irrigation practices interact to affect yield and fruit quality of Cabernet Sauvignon and petite Sirah grown in a hot climate

Cabernet Sauvignon and Petite Sirah are the top red wine cultivars in CA, however, the hot climate in Fresno is not ideal for red Vitis Vinifera, particularly for berry color development. Mechanical pruning and irrigation were studied previously to significantly affect grapevine yield performance and berry quality. But there is lack of studies on cordon height and irrigation on mechanical pruned vineyard system.

PulvéLab: an experimental vineyard for innovation in precision spraying

One of the ways to reduce the use of pesticides is to adapt their dosage to the needs of the plant by using variable rate technology for managing field spatial variability. The recent evolution of technologies in the field of robotics, mechatronics and new information and communication technologies

REDUCING NITROGEN FERTILIZATION ALTERS PHENOLIC PROFILES OF VITIS VINIFERA L. CV. CABERNET GERNISCHT WINE OF YANTAI, CHINA

Nitrogen (N) fertilizer is important for grape growth and the quality of wine. It is essential to address the mismatch between N application and wine composition. Cabernet Gernischt (Vitis vinifera L.), as one of the main wine-grape cultivars in China, was introduced to Yantai wine region in 1892. This grape cultivar is traditionally used for quality dry red wine with fruit, spices aroma, ruby red and full-bodied wines. In order to regulate vine growth and improve grape and wine quality, Cabernet Gernischt grapevines were subjected to decreased levels of N treatments, compared to normal N supply treatment, during grape growing seasons of 2019 and 2020.