A major topic in viticultural research is the analysis of the relationships between climate on one side, and grape and wine quality on the other. It is well known that climatic conditions have a high impact on growth and development of grapevine and consequently on yield and quality. In particular, wine quality is correlated with bioclimatic indexes, which are based on air temperature and cumulated rainfall during the growing season.
This study was aimed at creating and analyzing a dataset containing berry quality data collected on 13 grapevine cultivars of Piedmont, and climatic and geomorphological data of the vineyards where berry samples were taken. Berry quality and meteorological data were collected from 1999 to 2010 and bioclimatic indexes were calculated over the vegetative growing period.
In a preliminary analysis, for each cultivar an ANOVA was performed, and significant differences among years as concerns total soluble solids (TSS), titratable acidity and pH were detected.
Pearson’s correlation analysis was applied separately for each cultivar, in order to perform a first evaluation of the relationships between climatic, geomorphological and berry quality data. As expected, significant relationships between berry quality and climatic data were detected. Such relationships changed from one cultivar to another. PCA was carried out to examine TSS distribution among the different areas, based on some climatic and geomorphological parameters. In particular, Huglin index, cumulated precipitation, number of thermal units, cumulated radiation, altitude, slope and aspect were chosen.
A multiple regression analysis was also performed and the regression coefficients were used to build synthesis maps, using digital layers for each cultivar, and applying basic GIS techniques.
Authors: Tiziana LA IACONA (1) , Simone FALZOI (2) , Andrea SCHUBERT (1), Federico SPANNA (2)
(1) Dipartimento Colture Arboree, University of Torino, via Leonardo da Vinci, 44. 10095 Grugliasco (TO). Italy
(2) Piedmont Region, Phytosanitary Service, Agrometeorology Sector. Via Livorno, 60. 10144, Torino. Italy