Climate variability and its effects in the Penedès vineyard region (NE Spain)

Abstract

This study present a detailed analysis of the rainfall and temperature changes in the Penedès region in the period 1995/ 96 – 2008/09, in comparison with the trends observed during the last 50 years, and its implications on phenology and yield. Temperature increases are higher than in previous time periods, which together with the irregular rainfall distribution throughout the year give rise to significant water deficits for vine development. Water deficits are being exacerbated during the last years by the increase of temperatures which imply an increase of evapotranspiration. The dates at which each phenological stage starts and the length of the different phenological stages are affected by temperature (accumulated degree-days and daily air temperature difference), precipitation and water accumulated into the soil. Winegrape yield was also influenced by soil water availability.

DOI:

Publication date: November 22, 2021

Issue: Terroir 2010

Type: Article

Authors

M.C. Ramos, J.A. Martínez-Casasnovas

Department of Environment and Soil Science. University of Lleida.
Alcalde Rovira Roure 191, 25198, Lleida, Spain

Contact the author

Keywords

Evapotraspiration, Mediterranean climate, NE Spain, phenology, trends, yield

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2010

Citation

Related articles…

Measuring elemental sulfur in grape juice in relation to varietal thiol formation in Sauvignon blanc wines.

Aim: Sauvignon blanc displays a range of styles that can include prominent tropical and passionfruit aromas. Both sensory evaluation and chemical analysis have confirmed the above-average presence of ‘varietal thiols’ in the Sauvignon blanc wines from Marlborough, New Zealand.

Aromatic profile of six different clones of Chardonnay grape berries in Minas Gerais (Brazil)

Aromas are one of the key points in food analysis since they are related to character, quality and consequently consumer acceptance. It is not different in the winery industry, where the aromatic profile is a combination of viticultural and oenological practices. Based on the development of more aromatic clones and on the potential to produce sparkling wines at Caldas, in the southern region of Minas Gerais (Brazil) (21°55´S and 46°23´W, altitude 1,100m), the aim of this work was the determination of volatile compounds in six different clones of Chardonnay grape berries to better understand which compounds add bouquet to the wine, and additionally comprehend the impacts of the edaphoclimatic and annual conditions on the improvement of grape-growing and winemaking practices.

Acceptability of canned wines: effect of the level of involvement of consumers and type of wine

In recent years there has been a growing demand for alternative packaging designs in the food industry focused on diminishing the carbon footprint. Despite the environmental advantages of cans versus bottles, the traditional environment of wine has hindered the establishment of less contaminant containers. In this context, the objective of this study was to understand and generate knowledge about consumers´ perception of canned wines in comparison to bottled wines.

Assessment of Mineral Elements in Wine Spirits Aged with Chestnut Wood

The mineral composition of wine spirit (WS) is of relevant interest due to its potential effect on physicochemical stability, sensory characteristics, and safety.1 Calcium (Ca) and iron (Fe) can form insoluble compounds, negatively affecting the WS clarity. Transition metals, e.g. Fe and copper (Cu), seem to play an important catalytic role on oxidation reactions involving phenolic compounds and other substrates for oxidation in WS

Spatial variability of temperature is linked to grape composition variability in the Saint-Emilion winegrowing area

Elevated temperature during the grape maturation period is a major threat for grape quality and thus wine quality. Therefore, characterizing the grape composition response to temperature at a larger scale would represent a crucial step towards adaptation to climate change. In response to changes in temperature, various physiological mechanisms regulate grape composition. Primary and secondary metabolisms are both involved in this response, with well-known effects, for example on anthocyanins, and lesser known effects, for example on aromas or aroma precursors. At the field scale or at the regional scale, however, numerous environmental or plant-specific factors intervene to make the effects of temperature difficult to distinguish from overall variability. In this study, it was attempted to overcome this difficulty by selecting well-characterized situations with differing temperatures.
A long-term study of air temperature variability across several Merlot vineyards in the Saint-Emilion and Pomerol wine producing area found significant temperature differences and gradients at various time scales linked to environmental factors. From this study area, a few sites were selected with similar age, soil and training system conditions, and with repeated and contrasted temperature differences during the maturation period. The average temperature difference during the maturation period was about 2°C between cooler and warmer sites, a difference similar to that expected under future climate change scenarios. In close vicinity to the temperature sensors at each site, grape berries were sampled at different times until full maturity during 2019 and 2020. Also, berries from bunches on either side of the row were analyzed separately, allowing an investigation of bunch exposure effect associated with the coupling of berry temperature and solar radiation. Four replicates of pooled berries for each time – site – bunch exposure combination were obtained and analyzed for biochemical composition. Analyses of variance of the biochemical composition data collected at different sampling times reveal significant effects associated with temperature, site, and bunch azimuth. For instance, anthocyanins in grape skins are clearly influenced by temperature and solar radiation exposure, with up to 30% reduction in warmer conditions.