Analysis of climate spatio-temporal variability in the Conegliano-Valdobbiadene DOCG wine district

Abstract

Local climate characterization is fundamental in terroir description, yet global change perspectives raise questions about its feasibility, since temporal stability cannot be no more assumed for the forthcoming years.
The objective of this work was to gain a better understanding of the climatic spatio-temporal variability of a grapevine growing area, and how this has changed during recent times.
Using as a case-study the Conegliano-Valdobbiadene DOCG wine district in North-Eastern Italy, we developed a methodology to downscale daily mean air temperature from the European Climate Assessment gridded dataset (E-OBS), to derive daily temperature surfaces at 500m spatial resolution. This allowed to analyse how the spatio-temporal variability affected grapevine phenology in the last 60 years.
The main results showed that, respect to the 1950-1979 period, the average Winkler index between 1980 and 2008 showed a +184 °C increase, with little spatial variation, as well as for the estimated dates for the main phenological events, which showed a generalized anticipation of about 2 to 5 days. More pronounced changes were observed on the interannual variability, which showed increases in both the average values and pattern of distribution.

DOI:

Publication date: December 3, 2021

Issue: Terroir 2010

Type: Article

Authors

G. Fila, F. Meggio, L.M. Veilleux, A. Pitacco

University of Padova, Department of Environmental Agronomy and Crop Science I-35020 Legnaro (PD), Italy

Contact the author

Keywords

Grapevine, Climate Change, Temperature, Phenology, Downscaling, Spatial Interpolation

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2010

Citation

Related articles…

Physiological and growth reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt to row orientation and soil water status

Advanced knowledge on grapevine row orientation is required to improve establishment, management and outcomes of vineyards on terroirs with different environmental conditions (climate, soil, topography) and in view of a future change to more extreme climatic conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the combined effect of row orientation, plant water status and ripeness level on the physiological and viticultural reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt.

Effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California

San Joaquin Valley accounts for 40% of wine grape acreage and produces 70% of wine grape in California. Fruit quality is one of most important factors which impact the economical sustainability of farming wine grapes in this region. Due to the recent drought and expected labor cost increase, the wine industry is thrilled to understand how to improve fruit quality while maintaining the yield with less water and labor input. The present study aims to study the interactive effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on yield and berry compositions of Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California.

The effects of cane girdling on berry texture properties and the concentration of some aroma compounds in three table grape cultivars

The marketability of the table grapes is highly influenced by the consumer demand; therefore the market value of the table grapes is mainly characterized by its berry size, colour, taste and texture. Girdling could cause accumulation of several components in plants above the ringing of the phloem including clusters and resulting improved maturity. The aim of the experiments was to examine the effect of girdling on berry texture characteristics and aroma concentration.

Application of a fluorescence-based method to evaluate the ripening process and quality of Pinot Blanc grape

The chemical composition of grape berries at harvest is one of the most important factors that should be considered to produce high quality wines. Among the different chemical classes which characterize the grape juice, the polyphenolic compound, such as flavonoids, contribute to the final taste and color of wines. Recently, an innovative non-destructive method, based on chlorophyll fluorescence, was developed to estimate the phenolic maturity of red grape varieties through the evaluation of anthocyanins accumulated in the berry skin. To date, only few data are available about the application of this method on white grape varieties.

Different yield regulation strategies in semi-minimal-pruned hedge (SMPH) and impact on bunch architecture

Yields in the novel viticulture training system Semi-Minimal-Pruned Hedge (SMPH) are generally higher compared to the traditional Vertical Shoot Positioning (VSP). Excessive yields have a negative impact on the vine and wine quality, which can result in substantial losses in yield in subsequent vintages (alternate bearing) or penalties in fruit quality. Therefore yield regulation is essential. The bunch architecture in SMPH differs from VSP. Generally there is a higher amount but smaller bunches with lower single berry weights in SMPH compared to VSP.