Local climate characterization is fundamental in terroir description, yet global change perspectives raise questions about its feasibility, since temporal stability cannot be no more assumed for the forthcoming years.
The objective of this work was to gain a better understanding of the climatic spatio-temporal variability of a grapevine growing area, and how this has changed during recent times.
Using as a case-study the Conegliano-Valdobbiadene DOCG wine district in North-Eastern Italy, we developed a methodology to downscale daily mean air temperature from the European Climate Assessment gridded dataset (E-OBS), to derive daily temperature surfaces at 500m spatial resolution. This allowed to analyse how the spatio-temporal variability affected grapevine phenology in the last 60 years.
The main results showed that, respect to the 1950-1979 period, the average Winkler index between 1980 and 2008 showed a +184 °C increase, with little spatial variation, as well as for the estimated dates for the main phenological events, which showed a generalized anticipation of about 2 to 5 days. More pronounced changes were observed on the interannual variability, which showed increases in both the average values and pattern of distribution.
Authors: G. Fila, F. Meggio, L.M. Veilleux, A. Pitacco
University of Padova, Department of Environmental Agronomy and Crop Science I-35020 Legnaro (PD), Italy
Keywords: Grapevine, Climate Change, Temperature, Phenology, Downscaling, Spatial Interpolation