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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 La viticulture durable: concept et application aux terroirs viticoles

La viticulture durable: concept et application aux terroirs viticoles

Abstract

Evoquer la notion de durabilité pour la vigne, plante multimillénaire, et le vin, tous deux intimement liés aux origines de notre civilisation, peut paraître un non-sens. Le vin revêt en effet une dimension culturelle, voire cultuelle intemporelle, qui recouvre tout à la fois les sciences, les savoir-faire ancestraux, la sociologie, les religions. Notre filière a en effet imprimé une marque indélébile, une symbolique immortelle, dans l’évolution du monde.
Le développement durable traduit fidèlement l’esprit d’un type de développement, formalisé par le rapport Brundtland, à l’origine du concept :

un développement qui répond aux besoins du présent, sans compromettre la capacité des générations futures de répondre aux leurs.
La préservation de l’environnement et plus globalement la Viticulture Durable, s’intègrent progressivement dans la plupart des itinéraires techniques viticoles et oenologiques. A partir des années 90, une vision durable associant notamment les impacts locaux et planétaires ont été développés au sein de l’Organisation Internationale de la Vigne et du Vin, (Résolution OIV CST 1/2004 www.oiv.int) :
« Approche globale à l’échelle des systèmes de production et de transformation des raisins, associant à la fois la pérennité économique des structures et des territoires, l’obtention de produits de qualité, la prise en compte des exigences d’une viticulture de précision, des risques liés à l’environnement, à la sécurité des produits et la santé des consommateurs et la valorisation des aspects patrimoniaux, historiques, culturels, écologiques et paysagers ».

DOI:

Publication date: December 3, 2021

Issue: Terroir 2010

Type: Article

Authors

Joël ROCHARD

Institut Français de la Vigne et du Vin
Pôle Développement durable

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Tags

IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2010

Citation

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