Terroir 2008 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Environment friendly nutrition supplying and soil cultivation methods applicable in the upper zone of hillside vineyards

Environment friendly nutrition supplying and soil cultivation methods applicable in the upper zone of hillside vineyards

Abstract

Somló is Hungary’s smallest wine district, however one of the best producing white wines. The majority of vineyard areas are located on the slopes of Somló-hill, situated at the point where the Kisalföld meets Bakonyalja. The upper zone of hillside vineyards was traditionally cultivated by manpower, demanding serious efforts. Nonetheless invested efforts were rewarded by the highest quality, e.g. premium wines. Nowadays machine cultivation also gained ground in these areas. Cultivation by machine had unfavourable effects on the soil in more than one way. Besides ongoing research work focusing on maintaining favourable soil structure extreme weather conditions, dry summers in recent years brought about the necessity to find soil cultivation solutions and technologies able to preserve moisture in soil. In our experiments we have been observing the effects of soil coverage by organic plant debris, turfing and machine cultivation ont the soil and on vines for two vegetation periods. Furthermore we examined the possibilities of N supply in soils with shallow root zone and of unsatisfactory water management in the same area. On the whole for grape growing on such mixed soils of basaltic rubble with shallow root zone, unsatisfactory water management and low mould content it is of primary importance to preserve and maintain adequate moisture and to ensure nitrogen supply among other important nutrients which are provided by the weathering of basalt. 

DOI:

Publication date: December 8, 2021

Issue: Terroir 2008

Type : Article

Authors

VARGA P. (1), GYŐRFFYNÉ JAHNKE G. (2), MÁJER J. (1), NÉMETH CS. (1), KOCSIS L. (2)

(1) MARD Research Institute for Viticulture and Oenology, Badacsony; 8261 Badacsonytomaj, Római u. 165, Hungary
(2) University of Pannonia Georgikon Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture 8360 Keszthely, Deák Ferenc u. 16., Hungary

Contact the author

Keywords

soil coverage by organic plant debris, mechanic cultivation, turfing, moisture in soil, supply of nutrients 

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2008

Citation

Related articles…

Physiological and growth reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt to row orientation and soil water status

Advanced knowledge on grapevine row orientation is required to improve establishment, management and outcomes of vineyards on terroirs with different environmental conditions (climate, soil, topography) and in view of a future change to more extreme climatic conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the combined effect of row orientation, plant water status and ripeness level on the physiological and viticultural reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt.

Effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California

San Joaquin Valley accounts for 40% of wine grape acreage and produces 70% of wine grape in California. Fruit quality is one of most important factors which impact the economical sustainability of farming wine grapes in this region. Due to the recent drought and expected labor cost increase, the wine industry is thrilled to understand how to improve fruit quality while maintaining the yield with less water and labor input. The present study aims to study the interactive effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on yield and berry compositions of Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California.

The effects of cane girdling on berry texture properties and the concentration of some aroma compounds in three table grape cultivars

The marketability of the table grapes is highly influenced by the consumer demand; therefore the market value of the table grapes is mainly characterized by its berry size, colour, taste and texture. Girdling could cause accumulation of several components in plants above the ringing of the phloem including clusters and resulting improved maturity. The aim of the experiments was to examine the effect of girdling on berry texture characteristics and aroma concentration.

Application of a fluorescence-based method to evaluate the ripening process and quality of Pinot Blanc grape

The chemical composition of grape berries at harvest is one of the most important factors that should be considered to produce high quality wines. Among the different chemical classes which characterize the grape juice, the polyphenolic compound, such as flavonoids, contribute to the final taste and color of wines. Recently, an innovative non-destructive method, based on chlorophyll fluorescence, was developed to estimate the phenolic maturity of red grape varieties through the evaluation of anthocyanins accumulated in the berry skin. To date, only few data are available about the application of this method on white grape varieties.

Different yield regulation strategies in semi-minimal-pruned hedge (SMPH) and impact on bunch architecture

Yields in the novel viticulture training system Semi-Minimal-Pruned Hedge (SMPH) are generally higher compared to the traditional Vertical Shoot Positioning (VSP). Excessive yields have a negative impact on the vine and wine quality, which can result in substantial losses in yield in subsequent vintages (alternate bearing) or penalties in fruit quality. Therefore yield regulation is essential. The bunch architecture in SMPH differs from VSP. Generally there is a higher amount but smaller bunches with lower single berry weights in SMPH compared to VSP.