The State Rio Grande do Sul is the main producer of Brazilian fine wines, with four viticultural regions. The objective is the characterization of the viticultural climatic potential of the State (total surface of 281.749 km2). The methodology use the Géoviticulture Multicriteria Climatic Classification System (Géoviticulture MCC System), based on three climatic indices – Dryness Index (DI), Heliotermal Index (HI) and Cool Night Index (CI). Based on latitude, longitude, altitude and distance from Atlantic Ocean, the 3 viticultural climatic indices were modeled and the algorithms applied to a DTM using GIS. The results show that Rio Grande do Sul has the following classes of viticultural climate: according to DI – Moderately Dry, Sub-humid, Humid; according to HI – Cool, Temperate, Temperate warm, Warm and Very Warm; according to CI – Cool nights, Temperate nights, Warm nights. Based on the total surface, the most representatives viticultural climates are: « Humid x Temperate » (3,1%), « Humid x Temperate warm » (14,4%), « Humid x Warm » (52,6%), « Sub-humid x Warm » (20,0%) and « Sub-humid x Very warm » (5,8%). According to CI, the viticultural climates have a range of variation as a function of the interaction between « earlyness of the varieties x heliothermal availability ».
Authors: Jorge TONIETTO (1), Francisco MANDELLI (1), Eliseu WEBER (2) et Heinrich HASENACK (2)
(1) Embrapa – Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Uva e Vinho, Rua Livramento, 515, 95700-000 – Bento Gonçalves, RS – Brésil
(2) Laboratório de Ecologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul – UFRGS, Caixa postal, 15.007, 91501-970, Porto Alegre, Brésil
Keywords: climate classification, climate models, climatic Groups, zoning