Terroir 2006 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Remote sensing and radiometric techniques applied to vineyards in two regions of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Remote sensing and radiometric techniques applied to vineyards in two regions of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil


The observation of Earth by satellites has demonstrated the feasibility of establishing differences between plant species, from their spectral features. The reflectance spectrum of vine plants follows this trend, being possible to identify vineyards in satellite images, among other species. However, identification at grape variety level is still to be investigated. This was presently addressed, using satellite multi-spectral images of two terroirs at Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Spectral informations for 13 grape varieties (Cabernet-Sauvignon, Merlot, Semillon and others) were extracted from images collected by the ASTER sensor aboard Terra satellite, at 9 bands, with resolutions of 15 m at visible and 30 m at infrared. Field, radiometric measurements provided additional spectra. For one terroir, with vines in rows, 9-points spectra were constructed, each being the average of three plots of a given variety. These spectra are either polynomials, or sets of normalized intensities for the 9 bands. The other terroir, 500 km apart, has smaller plots in the traditional pergola style. Results point that: a) field measurements are compatible with orbital data; b) spectra for one variety, taken from three different plots, are mutually consistent; c) it is possible, from satellite images, to identify varieties, from their respective equations; d) the spectral information is coherent between both terroirs. It is concluded that middle resolution satellite images (pixel 15-30m), especially at infrared, are a valuable tool for surface measurements and grape variety identification, leading to multiple applications, including precision viticulture.


Publication date: December 22, 2021

Issue: Terroir 2006

Type: Article


Jorge Ricardo DUCATI and Patrícia RODRIGUES DA SILVA

Centro Estadual de Pesquisas em Sensoriamento Remoto e Meteorologia
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Gonçalves 9500, Porto Alegre, Brazil

Contact the author


remote sensing, ASTER images, image classification, radiometry, vineyard monitoring


IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2006


Related articles…

Plant fibers in comparison with other fining agents for the re-duction of pesticide residues and the effect on the volitile profile of Austrian white and red wines.

Pesticide residues in Austrian wines have so far been poorly documented. In 250 wines, 33 grape musts and 45 musts in fermentation, no limit values were exceeded, but in some cases high lev-els (>0.100 mg/l) of single residues were found, meaning that a reduction of these levels before bottling could make sense. In the course of this study, a white and a red wine were spiked with a mix of 23 pesticide residues from the group of fungicides (including botryticides), herbicides and insecticides. The influence of the following treatments on residue concentrations and volatile profiles were investigated: two activated charcoal products, a bentonite clay, two commer-cial mixed fining agents made of bentonite and charcoal, two yeast cell wall products, and a plant fiber-based novel filter additive. The results of this study show that all the agents tested reduced both residues and aromavolatile compounds in wine, with activated charcoal having the strongest effect and bentonite the weakest. The mixed agents and yeast wall products showed less aroma losses than charcoal products, but also lower residue reduction. Plant fibers showed good reduction of pesticides with moderate aroma damage, but these results need to be con-firmed under practical conditions.

Evaluating alternatives to cold stabilization in wineries: the use of carboximethyl cellulose, potassium polyaspartate, electrodialysis and ion exchange resins – the results after one year in the bottle

The tartaric stabilization of wines before bottling to avoid the precipitation of tartaric acid salts is an important and common step during wine production. The presence of precipitated salt crystals in bottle wines is detrimental for their quality and even a legal issue in some countries. Cold stabilization is the most common stabilization treatment. Although it has been shown to be effective, it has some significant disadvantages, mainly regarding losses of color and aromas and its high cost. Therefore, other products and methodologies are being introduced in the wineries for the replacement of this process. Some of these new techniques involve the reduction of the ions causing the insolubilization of tartaric acid while other are based in the formation of protective colloids or the inhibition of the crystallization of salts. In this study, white, rosé and red wines have been treated with carboxymethylcellulose, potassium polyaspartate and an ion exchange resin. The tartaric stability of the wines, together with the oenological, chromatic and sensory characteristics were studied after the wines had been stored during one year in the bottle. The results indicate that the use of carboxymethyl cellulose and potassium polyaspartate maintained the best the sensory and chromatic characteristics and the wine stability of the wines in comparison with an untreated control wine.

Incidence de la nature du sol et du cépage sur la maturation du raisin, à Saint Emilion, en 1995

The AOC Saint-Emilion, one of the most prestigious in Bordeaux, is located on the right bank of the Dordogne upstream from Libourne. The vineyard is planted on Tertiary (Oligocene) and Quaternary geological formations, on which very varied soils have developed. Numerous studies have taken account of this heterogeneity and made it possible to better understand the functioning and viticultural potential of these soils (Duteau et al. 1981, Van Leeuwen, 1991).

Combined use of leaf removal and natural shading to delay grape ripening in Manto negro (Vitis vinifera L.) under deficit irrigation 

The increasingly frequent heat waves during grape ripening pose challenges for premium wine grape production. This makes the development of irrigation and canopy management techniques of great importance to maximize yield and grape quality. A field experiment was carried out during 2021 and 2022 using Manto negro wine grapes to study the effect of two irrigation strategies and different light exposure levels on grape quality.

Effects of a new vacuum evaporation method on chemical and sensory properties of must and wine

A new process for vacuum evaporation was developed where evaporation takes place near the inner surface of a vortex produced by a rotor submerged in the liquid. Contrary to the state of the art the Vortex rotor process does not need a vacuum vessel but the rotating liquid creates a geometrically stable low pressure void surrounded by a vortex stabilized by the equilibrium between centrifugal forces and the pressure difference. First tests with water and sugar solutions at concentrations similar to grape must were conducted to verify the theoretical predictions, test the performance under different conditions and study the effect of various process parameters (Rösti et al 2015).