Terroir 2006 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 H-NMR metabolic profiling of wines from three cultivars, three soil types and two contrasting vintages

H-NMR metabolic profiling of wines from three cultivars, three soil types and two contrasting vintages

Abstract

Differences in wine flavour proceed primarily from grape quality. Environmental factors determined by the climate, soil and training systems modify many grape and wine quality traits. Metabolic profiling based on proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) spectra has been proved to be useful to study multifactorial effects of the vine environment on intricate grape quality traits. The capacity of this method to discriminate the environmental effects on wine has to be demonstrated. 1H-NMR spectra were made from wines produced with grapes of three cultivars and three soil types in two vintages. Principal component analysis applied on the NMR spectra data were not always able to separate satisfactorily wines from the 3 soil types. Conversely, partial least square analysis separated clearly the 3 soil types independently of the vintage and cultivar. By comparing the NMR signals that contribute to the 2 first axes of the PCA and PLS analyses, a significant soil effect on NMR signals in wines is reported. This profiling method will contribute to the qualification of the wine, in relation to its origin and the winemaking process strategy.

DOI:

Publication date: December 22, 2021

Issue: Terroir 2006

Type: Article

Authors

Giuliano ELIAS PEREIRA (1,3), Jean-Pierre GAUDILLERE (1), Cornelis van LEEUWEN (1), Ghislaine HILBERT (1), Mickaël MAUCOURT (2), Catherine DEBORDE (2), Annick MOING (2) and Dominique ROLIN (2)

(1) UMR Œnologie-Ampélologie, Équipe Écophysiologie et Agronomie viticole, INRA Université Bordeaux 2, B.P. 81, 33883 Villenave d’Ornon cedex, France
(2) UMR Physiologie et Biotechnologie Végétales, INRA, Universités Bordeaux 1 et 2, B.P. 81, 33883 Villenave d’Ornon cedex, France
(3) (present address) Embrapa Uva e Vinho/Semi-Árido, CP 23, 56302-970, Petrolina, PE, Brasil

Contact the author

Keywords

terroir, glycerol, proline, Cabernet-Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet franc

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2006

Citation

Related articles…

Physiological and growth reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt to row orientation and soil water status

Advanced knowledge on grapevine row orientation is required to improve establishment, management and outcomes of vineyards on terroirs with different environmental conditions (climate, soil, topography) and in view of a future change to more extreme climatic conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the combined effect of row orientation, plant water status and ripeness level on the physiological and viticultural reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt.

Effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California

San Joaquin Valley accounts for 40% of wine grape acreage and produces 70% of wine grape in California. Fruit quality is one of most important factors which impact the economical sustainability of farming wine grapes in this region. Due to the recent drought and expected labor cost increase, the wine industry is thrilled to understand how to improve fruit quality while maintaining the yield with less water and labor input. The present study aims to study the interactive effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on yield and berry compositions of Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California.

The effects of cane girdling on berry texture properties and the concentration of some aroma compounds in three table grape cultivars

The marketability of the table grapes is highly influenced by the consumer demand; therefore the market value of the table grapes is mainly characterized by its berry size, colour, taste and texture. Girdling could cause accumulation of several components in plants above the ringing of the phloem including clusters and resulting improved maturity. The aim of the experiments was to examine the effect of girdling on berry texture characteristics and aroma concentration.

Application of a fluorescence-based method to evaluate the ripening process and quality of Pinot Blanc grape

The chemical composition of grape berries at harvest is one of the most important factors that should be considered to produce high quality wines. Among the different chemical classes which characterize the grape juice, the polyphenolic compound, such as flavonoids, contribute to the final taste and color of wines. Recently, an innovative non-destructive method, based on chlorophyll fluorescence, was developed to estimate the phenolic maturity of red grape varieties through the evaluation of anthocyanins accumulated in the berry skin. To date, only few data are available about the application of this method on white grape varieties.

Different yield regulation strategies in semi-minimal-pruned hedge (SMPH) and impact on bunch architecture

Yields in the novel viticulture training system Semi-Minimal-Pruned Hedge (SMPH) are generally higher compared to the traditional Vertical Shoot Positioning (VSP). Excessive yields have a negative impact on the vine and wine quality, which can result in substantial losses in yield in subsequent vintages (alternate bearing) or penalties in fruit quality. Therefore yield regulation is essential. The bunch architecture in SMPH differs from VSP. Generally there is a higher amount but smaller bunches with lower single berry weights in SMPH compared to VSP.