IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 GiESCO 9 GiESCO 2019 9 Category: Poster - Precision viticulture, new technologies and vineyard mechanization

Poster – Precision viticulture, new technologies and vineyard mechanization

GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Precision viticulture, new technologies and vineyard mechanization

Geospatial technologies in spatially defined viticulture: case study of a vineyard with Agiorgitiko variety in Koutsi, Nemea, Greece

Geospatial technologies have significant contribution to viticulture, especially in small-scale vineyards, which require precise management. Geospatial data collected by modern technologies, such as Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) and satellite imagery, can be processed by modern software and easily be stored and transferred to GIS environments, highlighting important information about the health of vine plants, the yield of grapes and the wine, especially in wine-making varieties. The identification of field variability is very important, particularly for the production of high quality wine. Modern geospatial data management technologies are used to achieve an easy and effortless localization of the fields’ variability.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Precision viticulture, new technologies and vineyard mechanization

Analysis of primary, secondary and tertiary aromas in Vitis vinifera L. Syrah wines with an extemporaneous production cycle in two regions of São Paulo – Brazil, using GC-MS

The aromatic perception is one of the main factors that influence the
consumer when determining the wine’s quality and acceptance. Numerous factors (soil, climate,
winemaking style, cultivar) can influence the volatile compounds. Some of these compounds are released directly from the grape berries while others are formed during the fermentation and aging processes. However, little is known about the quality and aromatic formation of Syrah variety in the winter cycle cultivated in São Paulo.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Precision viticulture, new technologies and vineyard mechanization

Evaluation of intra-vineyard spatial and temporal variability of leaf area index using multispectral images obtained by satellite (Landsat 8, Sentinel-2) and unmanned aerial vehicle platforms

Estimation of vineyard leaf area index (LAI) is an important aspect for the winegrowers. However, tracking and monitoring are difficult tasks due to time constraints. Satellite and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) imaging have become a practical monitoring method for LAI. Nevertheless, for a proper LAI determination, the image’s spatial resolution is a key factor, since low-resolution images are incapable of distinguishing between adjacent vines due to the large area covered in each pixel, this leads to misinterpretation or generalisation of vineyard information.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Precision viticulture, new technologies and vineyard mechanization

Non-linear unmixing as an innovative tool to detect vine diseases in UAVs, airborned and satellite images: preliminary results

Vine diseases have a strong impact on vineyards sustainability, which in turns leads to strong economic consequences. Among those diseases, Flavescence dorée spreads quickly and is incurable, which led in France to the setup of a mandatory pest control implying the systematic use of pesticides and the prospection and uprooting of every infected plants. Remote sensing could be a very powerful tool to optimize prospection as it allows to produce quickly accurate maps over large areas. Recent studies have shown that high spatial resolution (10cm/pixel) multispectral images acquired from UAVs allow to map Flavescence dorée in vineyards using leaves discolorations [e.g. Albetis et al., Remote Sensing, 2017].

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Precision viticulture, new technologies and vineyard mechanization

Using remotely sensed (UAV) and in situ field measurements to describe grapevine canopy characteristics

Row orientation and canopy management are essential for high quality grapevine production. Microclimatic conditions of the leaves and fruits can be influenced by the canopy geometry. Remote sensing is a very promising tool to describe vegetative growth and physiological behavior of vineyards. However, the correlation between remotely sensed data and in situ field measurements has been described scarcely in the scientific literature so far. The aim of the study was to correlate remotely sensed data obtained with Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) with in situ field measurements to describe canopy structure.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Precision viticulture, new technologies and vineyard mechanization

Assessing macro-elements contents in vine leaves and grape berries of Vitis vinifera using near-infrared spectroscopy coupled with chemometrics

The cultivated vine (Vitis vinifera) is the main species cultivated in the world to make wine. In 2017, the world wine market represents 29 billion euros in exports, and France contributes 8.2 billion (28%) to this trade, making it a traditional market of strategic importance. Viticulture is therefore a key sector of the French agricultural economy. It is in this context that the nutritional diagnosis of the vine is of real strategic interest to winegrowers. Indeed, the fertilization of the vine is a tool for the winegrower that allows him to influence and regulate the quality of the wine.

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