Significance of factors making Riesling an iconic grape variety
Riesling is the iconic grape variety of Germany and accounts for 23% of the German viticulture acreage, which comprises 45% of the worldwide Riesling plantings. Riesling wines offer a wide array of styles from crisp sparkling wines to highly concentrated and sweet Trockenbeerenauslese or Icewines. However, its thin berry skin makes Riesling more vulnerable to detrimental environmental threats than other white wine varieties.
Malolactic fermentation in wine production
What influence do these bacteria have on wines? What new bacteria are being studied to carry out this fermentation? Find below articles about malolactic fermentation published in our 3 media (OENO One, IVES Technical Reviews and IVES Conference Series). OENO One...
Metabolomics screening of Vitis sp. interspecific hybrids to select natural ingredients with cosmetic purposes
Introducing natural ingredients using green chemistry practices is a major challenge in cosmetics industry to follow the market trend. Among the plants of cosmetic interest, vine products show a remarkable diversity of natural substances with high potential for the cosmetic and dermatological sectors. To date, research focuses on well-known compounds like E-resveratrol and E-ε-viniferin,
WAC 2022: Abstracts are available on IVES Conference Series
In order to disseminate the scientific results presented during the WAC 2022 , the organizers have decided to share the abstracts of the oral communications and posters with Open Access on IVES Conference Series. The fifth edition of the International Conference...
Winemaking techniques and wine tasting methods at the end of the Middle Ages
Les pratiques de vinification et de dégustation du vin sont souvent perçues, à travers un discours marketing très puissant, sous l’angle d’une tradition millénaire qui perdure depuis le Moyen Âge. En Bourgogne, il est courant de rattacher les racines de ces pratiques à l’activité des institutions ecclésiastiques qui possédaient d
Biovi: a research program for reducing chemical input in vine and wine
Decrease of chemical inputs during vine management and winemaking is of great importance from a political and societal point of view. In our ongoing project we propose alternative tools to chemicals in the vineyard and the cellar. We have compared a conventional vineyard protection strategy to an alternative strategy using copper and biocontrol products (Biocontrol) against downy
Mechanistic insights into the bioavailability of oleocanthal and oleacein from olive oil in presence of wine active peptides and amino acids
Oleocanthal (OC) and oleacein (OL) are highly bioactive secoiridoids found in olive oil at elevated concentrations, especially when it is produced from unripe olives (Olea europaea L.). Both compounds have been correlated with strong activities against serious diseases through recent clinical trials. The most important clinical trials have been performed in patients against chronic lymphocytic
Nucleophilic fraction to estimate the antioxidant activity of inactivated yeast derivates
Oxidation in wine is mostly related to the Michael addition of nucleophiles on two quinones formed from the oxidation of ortho-diphenols. In wine this mechanism is responsible for the increase of the yellow hue and aroma loss. Glutathione exerts its antioxidant activity throughout its competitive addition onto quinones, but many other compounds can have the same behavior: sulfanyl
compounds, amino acids, etc. Addition of yeast derivates during the winemaking process can increase the level of those nucleophilic compounds and then confer to the wine a higher resistance
Interaction Between Armenian Clay-based Ceramic and Model Wine
Clay-based ceramic vessels (jars, pyhtoi, etc.) for wine fermentation and aging processes have been used in several cultures for millennia. This know-how still in practice in several countries of the Armenian highland is gaining worldwide in curiosity, popularity, and interest. Ceramic pots are famous among traditional winemakers for their benefits such as temperature regulation, natural cooling system, favorable oxygen exchange, and impact on pH, which are different from those of stainless steel, wood barrels, or concrete.
The chemical composition of disease resistant hybrid grape cultivars and its impact on wine quality: an exploratory enquiry into sustainable wines
Disease resistant hybrid grape cultivars are now allowed in a number of EU wine PDOs, and are also accepted in a number of countries outside the EU. There is increasing interest in diseases resistant hybrid grape cultivars (RHGCs) because they allow for the production of healthy, high quality grapes with limited use of pesticides and the associated environmental and public health
SKIN AND SEED EXTRACTS DIFFERENTLY BEHAVE TOWARDS SALIVARY PROTEINS
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Saccharomyces cerevisiae – Oenococcus oeni – Lactiplantibacillus plantarum: focus on malolactic fermentation during production of Catarratto and Riesling white wines
The increasing interest in enhancing groundbreaking sensory profile of wines determined the need to select novel strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Metabolic processes characterizing malolactic fermentation (MLF) lead to the production of several organic compounds that significantly impact the oenological and sensory characteristics of wines.
Red wine extract and resveratrol from grapevines could counteract AMD by inhibiting angiogenesis promoted by VEGF pathway in human retinal cells
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) that is the main cause of visual impairment and blindness in Europe which is characterized by damages in the central part of the retina, the macula. This degenerative disease of the retina is mainly due to the molecular mechanism involving the production and secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEF). Despite therapeutic advances thanks
FIRST APPLICATION OF LACHANCEA THERMOTOLERANS IN THE FERMENTATION OF “VINO SANTO” AS BIOLOGICHAL ACIDIFIER.
The exploitation of secondary metabolic pathways of non-Saccharomyces yeasts is a promising approach to protect traditional wines from the ongoing climate change, which can alter their peculiar features by modifying the chemical composition of grape musts. In this regard, an interesting example is the sequential inoculum of Lachancea thermotolerans and Saccharomyces. Cerevisiae. The aim of the sequential inoculum is to increase titratable acidity by lactic acid accumulation, to lower pH and to reduce the alcohol and acetic acid content in wine.
IMPACT ON CHITOSAN APPLICATION OF DIFFERENT MICROORGANISMS HAVING OENOLOGICAL INTEREST
Chitosan is an effective antimicrobial agent available in the wine industry, because it ensures the control of a of spoilage microorganisms, such as Brettanomyces of lactic acid bacteria.
Effects of oak barrel aging monitored by 1H-NMR metabolomics
The study of wine evolution during barrel aging is an important aspect of wine quality. Our previous works have shown that wine metabolome monitoring by
1H-NMR approaches allows determining the impact of different winemaking processes including traitements using enzymes or finning agents .
Impact of aging on dimethyl sulfide (DMS) in Corvina and Corvinone wines
Dimethyl sulfide (DMS) is a low molecular weight sulfur compound produced in wine during aging by the chemical degradation of S-Methyl-L-methionine (SMM). Investigating the aromatic profile of Amarone commercial wines from different wineries, it was found that DMS presented a high variation in concentration across wine samples ranging from 2.88 to 64.34 μg/L, which potentially can
Influence of nitrogen supply on colorimetric parameters of Lugana wines
Color is one of the main qualitative parameters of a wine. As a matter of fact, immediately after having opened a bottle of wine, color, even before aroma and taste, is the first sensorial parameter to be evaluated by the consumer It can change according to various factors depending on the characteristics of the grapes or on the different production and storage processes.
Influence of two yeast strains and different nitrogen nutrition on the aromatic compounds in Lugana wine
Lugana Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) wines are made from Turbiana grapes. The aroma of Lugana wines results from the combined contribution of esters, terpenes, norisprenoids, sulfur compounds and the benzenoid methyl salicylate. This study aims to investigate how volatile aroma compounds are affected by different nitrogen supplies and yeast strains.
Multispectral fluorescence sensitivity to acidic and polyphenolic changes in Chardonnay wines – The case study of malolactic fermentation
In this study, stationary and time-resolved fluorescence signatures were statistically and chemometrically analyzed among three typologies of Chardonnay wines with the objectives to evaluate their sensitivity to acidic and polyphenolic changes.