Haplotype-resolved genome assemblies of Chasselas and Ugni Blanc

Haplotype-resolved genome assemblies were produced for Chasselas and Ugni Blanc, two heterozygous real-field genetic pool Vitis vinifera cultivars by combining high-fidelity long-read sequencing (HiFi) and high‐throughput chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C). The telomere-to-telomere full coverage of the chromosomes allowed us to assemble separately the two haplo-genomes of both cultivars and revealed structural variations between the two haplotypes of a given cultivar.

Preliminary studies on polyphenol assessment by Fourier transform-near infrared spectroscopy (FT-NIR) in grape berries

NIR spectroscopy has widely been tested in viticulture as powerful alternative to traditional analytical methods in the field of quality evaluation. NIR instruments have been used for assessing must and wine quality features in several works, but little information regarding their application on whole berries for polyphenol determination is available.

Monitoring of mannoprotein cessions during wine aging on lees: development of a simple enzymatic method

Mannoproteins are polysaccharides released by Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast during alcoholic fermentation or by enzymatic action during aging on yeast lees (autolysis). These molecules play a major role in wine characteristics processing, namely, in the tartaric stabilization and protein haze prevention; moreover, they improve color stability and reduce astringency.

Seed phenolics oxidation: development of a new ripening index 

During ripening seed tannins evolve, as demonstrated by the taste and color changes. In this work we tried to develop an objective, easy and fast index, useful for winemakers. In this direction we propose two different spectrophotometric indexes, one related to the molecular structure and tannin subunits linkages, and the other related to the antioxidant properties. Especially the second one gave very interesting and unexpected results.

Anthocyanins, flavonols and hydroxycinnamates of eight vitis vinifera cultivars from the balearic islands

In 2008 the anthocyanin, flavonol and hydroxycinnamate (HCT) contents of the skins of five coloured berry cultivars (‘Escursac’, ‘Esperó de Gall’, ‘Galmeter’, ‘Valent negre’ and ‘Vinater negre’), of two white cultivars (‘Argamussa’ and ‘Prensal blanc’) and of one weakly rose cultivar (‘Giró ros’), native from Balearic Islands, were characterized.

Recent observations in wine oxidation

The chemistry of wine oxidation is captured in the reactions between the oxidation products, mostly reactive electrophiles, with other wine constituents. An understanding of both components and their reactions can lead to ideas and techniques to control and mitigate or enhance these reactions to allow for the desired development of the wine. Current investigations are yielding much useful information about oxidation reactions in wine.

Terroir aspects of harvest timing in a cool climate wine region: physiology, berry skin phenolic composition and wine quality

Preliminary experiment of harvest timing was carried out in Eger wine district, Hungary in 2009. In situ physiological responses, berry quality parameters and wine quality of the Kékfrankos grapevine were studied at two growing sites (Eger-K6lyuktet6 – non-stressed, flat vineyard, and Eger-Nagyeged hill – water stressed, steep slope vineyard).

Valorisation of nutraceutical and health-related properties of wine-grapes of Emilia-Romagna Italian region

In this work, results about the composition in polyphenols and polyamines in important wine-grape cultivars from the Emilia-Romagna region are presented. Spectrophotometric and HPLC analyses suggest that especially coloured berries are particularly rich of antioxidant species (stilbenes and catechins). Potential allergenic capability of biogenic amines was also characterized.