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Red wine extract and resveratrol from grapevines could counteract AMD by inhibiting angiogenesis promoted by VEGF pathway in human retinal cells

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) that is the main cause of visual impairment and blindness in Europe which is characterized by damages in the central part of the retina, the macula. This degenerative disease of the retina is mainly due to the molecular mechanism involving the production and secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEF). Despite […]

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FIRST APPLICATION OF LACHANCEA THERMOTOLERANS IN THE FERMENTATION OF “VINO SANTO” AS BIOLOGICHAL ACIDIFIER.

The exploitation of secondary metabolic pathways of non-Saccharomyces yeasts is a promising approach to protect traditional wines from the ongoing climate change, which can alter their peculiar features by modifying the chemical composition of grape musts. In this regard, an interesting example is the sequential inoculum of Lachancea thermotolerans and Saccharomyces. Cerevisiae. The aim of […]

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IMPACT ON CHITOSAN APPLICATION OF DIFFERENT MICROORGANISMS HAVING OENOLOGICAL INTEREST

Chitosan is an effective antimicrobial agent available in the wine industry, because it ensures the control of a of spoilage microorganisms, such as Brettanomyces of lactic acid bacteria. In this work, an exhaustive characterization of 12 commercial chitosans was performed in accordance with the OIV methods. These analyses made it possible to determine the animal […]

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Effects of oak barrel aging monitored by 1H-NMR metabolomics

The study of wine evolution during barrel aging is an important aspect of wine quality. Our previous works have shown that wine metabolome monitoring by 1H-NMR approaches allows determining the impact of different winemaking processes including traitements using enzymes or finning agents [1]. In this study, the effects of oak barrel aging were investigated by […]

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Impact of aging on dimethyl sulfide (DMS) in Corvina and Corvinone wines

Dimethyl sulfide (DMS) is a low molecular weight sulfur compound produced in wine during aging by the chemical degradation of S-Methyl-L-methionine (SMM). Investigating the aromatic profile of Amarone commercial wines from different wineries, it was found that DMS presented a high variation in concentration across wine samples ranging from 2.88 to 64.34 μg/L, which potentially […]

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Influence of two yeast strains and different nitrogen nutrition on the aromatic compounds in Lugana wine

Lugana Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) wines are made from Turbiana grapes. The aroma of Lugana wines results from the combined contribution of esters, terpenes, norisprenoids, sulfur compounds and the benzenoid methyl salicylate. This study aims to investigate how volatile aroma compounds are affected by different nitrogen supplies and yeast strains. Wines were produced with […]

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Multispectral fluorescence sensitivity to acidic and polyphenolic changes in Chardonnay wines – The case study of malolactic fermentation

In this study, stationary and time-resolved fluorescence signatures were statistically and chemometrically analyzed among three typologies of Chardonnay wines with the objectives to evaluate their sensitivity to acidic and polyphenolic changes. For that purpose, a dataset was built using Excitation Emission Matrices of fluorescence (N=103) decomposed by a Parallel Factor Analysis (PARAFAC) and fluorescence decays (N=22), mathematically […]

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Preliminary characterisation of mannoproteins from different wine yeast strains and impact on wine properties

Mannoproteins (MPs) are released from the yeast cell wall during alcoholic fermentation and aging on the lees, and influence aspects of wine quality such as haze formation and colour stability. Yet, as this is a slow process with microbiological and sensory risks, the exogenous addition of extracted MPs poses an efficient alternative. While Saccharomyces cerevisiae […]

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Organic volatile compounds as suitable markers of grapevine response to defense elicitors in the vineyard

In greenhouse, emission of volatile organic compounds (VOC) by grapevine leaves has already been reported in response to the defence elicitor sulfated laminarin (PS3) [1]. In order to check that this response was not specific to PS3, experiments were conducted on Vitis cv Marselan plantlets with several other elicitors of different chemical structures: i.e. Bastid® […]

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