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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Outils de caracterisation et zonage des paysages viticoles: application aux vignobles français

Outils de caracterisation et zonage des paysages viticoles: application aux vignobles français

Abstract

[English version below]

Un paysage viticole est une relation entre des formes, dimension objective, et la perception que nous en avons, dimension subjective, émotionnelle. La viticulture n’est pas seulement productrice d’un vin, elle contribue également à façonner le paysage. Pourtant, jusqu’à présent, la connaissance des terroirs était principalement basée sur la caractérisation de leur aptitude à produire des vins de qualité.
Une méthodologie d’étude globale du paysage a été validée sur un site pilote champenois durant l’été 2003. Elle associait les acteurs du monde viticole et des collectivités territoriales au développement de la démarche paysagère locale. Elle liait l’étude sensible du paysage à la prise en compte du volet environnemental associé au terroir (ruissellement, érosion, biodiversité…).
L’élaboration de telles méthodologies nécessite la formalisation d’outil de caractérisation et de zonage des paysages viticoles.
Les principales données permettant de caractériser un paysage (cartographie, photos aériennes, données satellites, relevés de terrains bloc diagramme, données économiques …) sont décrites et présentées à partir de cas concrets.
Les principaux outils paysagers d’analyse et de communication, tels les sorties terrains ou un Système d’Information Géographique ont été étudiés.
Au final, l’objectif est de réaliser une « boîte à outils » permettant à différents niveaux d’échelle (national, régional, local) d’alimenter les démarches paysagères et environnementales, associées aux territoires viticoles.

Vineyard landscapes are a relationship between shapes which are objective and the perception that one has of them, which is subjective and emotional. Without this relationship, landscapes cannot exist. Vine farming does not only produce wine, it also contributes to design landscapes. Yet, so far, geographical specificities were essentially based on the characterisation of their ability to produce quality wine.
A comprehensive landscape study methodology was validated on a champagne pilot-site in summer 2003. It associated a sensitive landscape study to the environmental issues (runoff, erosion, biodiversity) and involved vine farmers and the district laborating such a methodology requires to formalise characterisation and zoning tools for vineyards landscapes.
The main landscape characterisation data are described and presented through case studies (cartography, air photographs, satellite data, site measures, economical data).
The main analysis and communication landscape tools, such as geographic information systems and onsite visits were studies. Finally, the aim is to create a tool box allowing vineyard landscape and environmental management on a local, regional and national scale.

DOI:

Publication date: January 12, 2022

Issue: Terroir 2004

Type: Article

Authors

J. Rochard, A. Lasnier, C. Boiget, O. Cormier

ITV France –pôle environnement –unité d’Epernay-17 rue Jean Chandon Moët BP20046
51202 EPERNAY cedex

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IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2004

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